Heliohebe: From the Greek helios (sun), combined with hebe, a related genus named after Hebe, in Greek Mythology she was daughter of Hera and Zeus, cupbearer of the gods and goddess of youth.
Current Conservation Status
2012 - At Risk - Declining
Conservation status of New Zealand indigenous vascular plants, 2012
The conservation status of all known New Zealand vascular plant taxa at the rank of species and below were reassessed in 2012 using the New Zealand Threat Classification System (NZTCS). This report includes a statistical summary and brief notes on changes since 2009 and replaces all previous NZTCS lists for vascular plants. Authors: Peter J. de Lange, Jeremy R. Rolfe, Paul D. Champion, Shannel P. Courtney, Peter B. Heenan, John W. Barkla, Ewen K. Cameron, David A. Norton and Rodney A. Hitchmough. File size: 792KB
Previous Conservation Status
2009 - At Risk - Declining
2004 - Serious Decline
2012 - RR
2009 - OL
Heliohebe lavaudiana (Raoul) Garn.-Jones
Bushy small shrub bearing pairs of fleshy red-edged rounded toothed leaves inhabiting Banks Peninsula. Twigs fuzzy (lens needed). Leaves 12-25mm long on a short stalk. Flowers pinkish, in rounded clusters to 4cm long, on stalks above leaves.
Vascular - Native
The National Vegetation Survey (NVS) Databank
is a physical archive and electronic databank containing records of over 94,000 vegetation survey plots - including data from over 19,000 permanent plots. NVS maintains a standard set of species code abbreviations that correspond to standard scientific plant names from the Ngä Tipu o Aotearoa - New Zealand Plants database.
Dicotyledonous Trees & Shrubs
Veronica lavaudiana Raoul, Hebe lavaudiana (Raoul) Cockayne et Allan, Parahebe lavaudiana (Hook.f.) Heads
Endemic. Known only from Banks Peninsula.
A species of open rock outcrops and cliff faces, often growing in the most exposed sunny habitats.
Spreading, low shrub 100-300 mm tall. Branches prostrate, trailing, branchlets brown or grey. Leaves spreading to recurved, (7-)12-25(-30) x (6-)8-17 mm, dark green, somewhat glaucous, obovate to orbicular, leathery, margins with 3-10 crenations. Petiole narrowly winged, 2-5(-8) mm. Inflorescence 20-40 mm long, (50-)100-150-flowered Calyx 4-5 mm, lobes 5, lanceolate to deltoid, acuminate, glandular ciliate. Corolla 11-13 mm, pink at anthesis, white after pollination, throat white or pink, corolla tube 1.5-2 mm long, 1.7-2 mm wide, slightly expanded, Lateral corolla lobes elliptic, subacute, suberect to spreading, posterior corolla lobe longer than tube, rhomboid, subacute, erect. Stamen filaments white, inserted at base of corolla tube, 2.5 mm long. Anthers yellow. Seeds pale brown, (1.7-)2-2.5 x 0.7-1 mm. Chromosome Number 2n = 42
Distinguished from the other Heliohebe species by the round, dull green leaves, long glandular inflorescence hairs, compact inflorescences, pink flower buds, and large white flowers. In the wild this is the only Heliohebe species found on Banks Peninsula.
October to November (-January)
Red / Pink,White
Easily grown from fresh seed and semi-hardwood cuttings. Requires a free draining, sunny spot with reasonably air movement. Prone to fungal diseases and dislikes high humidity.
Threatened by gorse (Ulex europaeus) with overshadowed plants and other weeds which are invading the open rock outcrop habitat this species requires.
2n = 42
Life Cycle and Dispersal
Winged seeds are dispersed by wind and ballistic projection (Thorsen et al., 2009).
Where To Buy
Periodically offered by most commercial garden centres. Plants are held by several specialist native plant nurseries.
Fact Sheet Prepared by P.J. de Lange (1 November 2004). Description based on Garnock-Jones (1993)
References and further reading
Garnock-Jones, P.J. 1993: Heliohebe (Scrophulariaceae Veroniceae), a new genus segregated from Hebe. New Zealand Journal of Botany 31: 323-339.
Thorsen, M. J.; Dickinson, K. J. M.; Seddon, P. J. 2009. Seed dispersal systems in the New Zealand flora. Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics 11: 285-309
This page last updated on 10 Apr 2015