Brachyglottis perdicioides


Brachyglottis: Name comes from the Greek words brachus meaning "short" and glottis meaning "the vocal apparatus of the larynx"
perdicioides: like perdicium, a groundsel from Chile

Common Name(s)


Current Conservation Status

2012 - At Risk - Naturally Uncommon

Conservation status of New Zealand indigenous vascular plants, 2012
The conservation status of all known New Zealand vascular plant taxa at the rank of species and below were reassessed in 2012 using the New Zealand Threat Classification System (NZTCS). This report includes a statistical summary and brief notes on changes since 2009 and replaces all previous NZTCS lists for vascular plants. Authors: Peter J. de Lange, Jeremy R. Rolfe, Paul D. Champion, Shannel P. Courtney, Peter B. Heenan, John W. Barkla, Ewen K. Cameron, David A. Norton and Rodney A. Hitchmough. File size: 792KB

Previous Conservation Status

2009 - At Risk - Naturally Uncommon
2004 - Gradual Decline


2012 - Sp
2009 - CD


Brachyglottis perdicioides (Hook.f.) B.Nord.



Brief Description

Rare small shrub inhabiting coastal scrub of the southern East Cape and Mahia. Leaves 2-5 cm long, pale green, paler underneath, margin roughly toothed and wavy. Flowers daisy-like with a few yellow, radiating petals, in loose clusters.

Flora Category

Vascular - Native

NVS Species Code


The National Vegetation Survey (NVS) Databank is a physical archive and electronic databank containing records of over 94,000 vegetation survey plots - including data from over 19,000 permanent plots. NVS maintains a standard set of species code abbreviations that correspond to standard scientific plant names from the Ngä Tipu o Aotearoa - New Zealand Plants database.

Structural Class

Dicotyledonous Trees & Shrubs


Senecio perdicioides Hook.f., Senecio multinerve Colenso, Senecio distinctus Colenso, Senecio perdicioides var. distinctus (Colenso) Kirk., Brachyglottis perdicioides var. distincta (Colenso) B.Nord., Senecio tripetaloides Colenso


Endemic. New Zealand: North Island, where it is found in scattered sites from East Cape (Hicks Bay) to Mahia Peninsula.


Coastal shrubland and forest - usually in open ground. Often forming cohorts within scrub.


Aromatic shrub 1-2 x 1 m. trunk stout, bark pale to dark grey, peeling in small stringy flakes or shards. Branchlets numerous, spreading, slender and "twiggy" . Leaf buds resinous and sticky, finely covered in "cobb webbed" hairs. Petioles slender, 10-15 mm long. Leaves (10-)25-50(-70) x (15-)20(-25) mm, oblong to elliptic-oblong, finely crenate-serrate, dark green, to yellow-green with paler undersides, glabrescent with undersides usually covered in sparse "cobb webbed" hairs. Inflorescence a crowded corymb. Captitula (5-)12-20(-30), turbinate, borne on pubescent, somewhat resinous and sticky pedicels. Ray-florets 1-3(-5), ligules oblong, yellow, 6-8 mm, apex sometimes bidentate. Phyllaries oblong, pale grey green, with a pubescent midrib, margins scarious. Seed a cypsela, pubescent or glabrescent, 2-2.5 mm, pappus-hairs stiff, 5 mm, finely barbellate.

Similar Taxa

Brachyglottis pentacopa, which differs by the more numerous ray-florets (usually 5), and smaller, rounder leaves. However, there is some indication that these species intergrade, with some of the more southerly populations of B. perdicioides very similar to B. pentacopa. Accordingly some botanists informally treat B. pentacopa as a variety or subspecies of B. perdicioides, while others regard it as an absolute synonym. Further research into the matter is required.


(October-) November-April (-May)

Flower Colours



(December-) January-April (-May)

Propagation Technique

Easy from fresh seed and semi-hardwood cuttings. A very hardy shrub which is tolerant of a wide range of habitats, soils types and moisture regimes.


Habitat loss appears to be main threat. However, recruitment appears limitng in some sites, possibly as a consequence of weeds which now often form a permnant ground cover in the places where seedlings would normally germinate. Established plants do not appear to be browsed by livestock, thus mature plants can persist in rough pasture.

Chromosome No.

2n = 60

Endemic Taxon


Endemic Genus


Endemic Family


Life Cycle and Dispersal

Pappate achenes are dispersed by wind (Thorsen et al., 2009).

Where To Buy

Occasionally available from some specialist native plant nurseries.


Fact Sheet Prepared for NZPCN by: P.J. de Lange (4 September 2004). Description adapted from Allan (1961).

References and further reading

Allan, H.H. 1961: Flora of New Zealand. Vol. I. Government Printer, Wellington

Thorsen, M. J.; Dickinson, K. J. M.; Seddon, P. J. 2009. Seed dispersal systems in the New Zealand flora. Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics 2009 Vol. 11 No. 4 pp. 285-309

This page last updated on 19 Dec 2014