Species

Prunus lusitanica

Common Name(s)

Portugese laurel

Family

Rosaceae

Flora Category

Vascular - Exotic

Structural Class

Dicotyledonous Trees & Shrubs

Habitat

Terrestrial.

Features

Large evergreen tree to 7 m high. Leaves more or less elliptic 70-140 by 25-60 mm, and on short petioles 15-25 mm long, more or less purplish. Leaves glossy above and below, with slightly impressed veins above, leaf margins finely toothed. Inflorescence a fairly dense raceme of 47-77 white flowers. Fruit 10-12 mm long, ovoid, smooth glossy purplish black.

Similar Taxa

With P. laurocerasus, P. lusitanica is in the sub genus Laurocerasus (Cherry Laurels) these are distinguished from other prunus species by the evergreen leaves and pedicellate flowers. P lusitanica can be distinguished from P. laurocerasus by the crenate-serrate leaf margin, more or less purplish petioles and the leaves usually smaller than the racemes.

Flowering

November, December

Flower Colours

White

Fruiting

March-May

Year Naturalised

1988

Origin

Spain, Portugal, Azores

Reason For Introduction
Ornamental

Life Cycle Comments
Perennial.

Reproduction
Seed.

Seed
Yes

Dispersal
Seed are spread by birds (Webb et al 1988).

Tolerances
Young plants are shade tolerant.

This page last updated on 18 Jan 2010