Species

Pinus muricata

Etymology

muricata: furnished with numerous short hard excrescences

Common Name(s)

bishop pine

Authority

Pinus muricata D.Don

Family

Pinaceae

Flora Category

Vascular - Exotic

NVS Species Code

PINMUR

The National Vegetation Survey (NVS) Databank is a physical archive and electronic databank containing records of over 94,000 vegetation survey plots - including data from over 19,000 permanent plots. NVS maintains a standard set of species code abbreviations that correspond to standard scientific plant names from the Ngä Tipu o Aotearoa - New Zealand Plants database.

Structural Class

Gymnosperm Trees & Shrubs

Habitat

Terrestrial.

Features

Medium sized tree up to 25 m high with straight trunk, and spreading or slightly drooping branches. The very thick purplish brown bark is deeply fissured into scaly plates. Needles are held in pairs, and are up to 15 cm long arranged in untidy whorls. Two strains in NZ can be identified from needle colour: the ''blue'' strain, with grey-green to blue-green needles: the ''green'' strain with yellow-green needles. Male and female cones arise in separate clusters on young shoots. The mature female cones are up to 8 cm long, covered in many stout, sharp spines, and are arranged in whorls around the branches.

Similar Taxa

Long needles in pairs and the persistent, large, very prickly cones of Pinus muricata are distinctive.

Flower Colours

No Flowers

Year Naturalised

1940

Origin

California, N. America

Reason For Introduction
Forestry

Life Cycle Comments
Perennial

Reproduction
Seed.

Dispersal
Wind.

Tolerances
Withstands salt-laden winds (Salmon 2000)

This page last updated on 29 Mar 2010