Species

Pinus mugo

Common Name(s)

mountain pine

Authority

Pinus mugo Turra

Family

Pinaceae

Flora Category

Vascular - Exotic

NVS Species Code

PINMUG

The National Vegetation Survey (NVS) Databank is a physical archive and electronic databank containing records of over 94,000 vegetation survey plots - including data from over 19,000 permanent plots. NVS maintains a standard set of species code abbreviations that correspond to standard scientific plant names from the Ngä Tipu o Aotearoa - New Zealand Plants database.

Structural Class

Gymnosperm Trees & Shrubs

Habitat

Terrestrial.

Features

Small tree or multi-stemmed shrub. Foliage often dense, tending to be directed forward. Leaves in fascicles of two, 3-7 cm by 1-1.5 mm, dark green rigid, more or less curved but not twisted. Male cones less than 1 cm long, broad-cylindric. Female cones shortly stalked, erect, not persisting long after maturity, 2.5-5.5 by 2.5-5 cm when open, ovoid or conic-ovoid, dark brown, symmetric. Seed wing oblong, approximately 1 cm long.

Similar Taxa

Short needles in pairs, small symmetrical cones with no spike. No stalk on the cone (cf P. sylvestris). P. unciniata is very similar, but has asymmetric cones, with some cone scales strongly elongated downwards.

Flower Colours

No Flowers

Year Naturalised

1988

Origin

European mountains from France and Italy E.

Reason For Introduction
Agricultural

Life Cycle Comments
Perennial

Dispersal
wind

This page last updated on 29 Mar 2010