Species

Korthalsella clavata

Etymology

Korthalsella: after Korthals, botanist
clavata: From the Latin clavatus 'club-shaped'

Common Name(s)

Leafless mistletoe, dwarf mistletoe

Current Conservation Status

2012 - At Risk - Naturally Uncommon

Conservation status of New Zealand indigenous vascular plants, 2012
The conservation status of all known New Zealand vascular plant taxa at the rank of species and below were reassessed in 2012 using the New Zealand Threat Classification System (NZTCS). This report includes a statistical summary and brief notes on changes since 2009 and replaces all previous NZTCS lists for vascular plants. Authors: Peter J. de Lange, Jeremy R. Rolfe, Paul D. Champion, Shannel P. Courtney, Peter B. Heenan, John W. Barkla, Ewen K. Cameron, David A. Norton and Rodney A. Hitchmough. File size: 792KB

Previous Conservation Status

2009 - Not Threatened
2004 - Not Threatened

Qualifiers

2012 - Sp

Authority

Korthalsella clavata (Kirk) Cheeseman

Family

Viscaceae

Brief Description

Flattened beaded succulent very small (to 8cm) shrub growing on twigs of another plant. Leaves (flattened stems) 5-10mm long by 1.5-3.5mm wide, widest towards tip. Flowers tiny, fruit small, green, on short spike.

Flora Category

Vascular - Native

NVS Species Code

KORCLA

The National Vegetation Survey (NVS) Databank is a physical archive and electronic databank containing records of over 94,000 vegetation survey plots - including data from over 19,000 permanent plots. NVS maintains a standard set of species code abbreviations that correspond to standard scientific plant names from the Ngä Tipu o Aotearoa - New Zealand Plants database.

Structural Class

Dicotyledonous Trees & Shrubs

Synonyms

Viscum clavatum Kirk, Korthalsella kindsayi var. clavata (Kirk) Danser

Distribution

Endemic. North and South Islands from near Whakamaru south to Cape Turakirae and the Wairarapa. In the South Island throughout, though notably more common in the east.

Habitat

Coastal to subalpine. Usually found parasitising shrubs within grey scrub communities, also found on shrubs and trees within montane alluvial forest. No clear host preference is as yet evident, though regional patterns may exist (this needs study).

Flowering

October - March

Flower Colours

Green

Fruiting

October - June

Propagation Technique

Difficult - should not be removed from the wild

Threats

Not Threatened

Chromosome No.

2n = 28

Endemic Taxon

Yes

Endemic Genus

No

Endemic Family

No

Life Cycle and Dispersal

Fleshy berries are dispersed by ballistic projection, attachment and possibly frugivory (Thorsen et al., 2009).

Where To Buy

Not commercially available.

References and further reading

Rebergen, A., Sawyer, J.W.D. 2005. Korthalsella clavata in the lower North Island. Wellington Botanical Society Bulletin, 49: 11-15

Nickrent, D.L.; Malécot, V.; Vidal-Russell, R.; Der, J.P. 2010: A revised classification of Santalales. Taxon 59: 538-558.

Thorsen, M. J.; Dickinson, K. J. M.; Seddon, P. J. 2009. Seed dispersal systems in the New Zealand flora. Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics 11: 285-309

This page last updated on 31 May 2015