Trisetum antarcticum var. lasiorhachis Hack.
Vascular – Native
2n = 28
Current conservation status
The threat classification status of all known New Zealand vascular plant taxa at the rank of species and below were reassessed in 2017 using the New Zealand Threat Classification System (NZTCS) – more information about this can be found on the NZTCS website This report includes a statistical summary and brief notes on changes since 2012 and replaces all previous NZTCS lists for vascular plants. Authors: By Peter J. de Lange, Jeremy R. Rolfe, John W. Barkla, Shannel P. Courtney, Paul D. Champion, Leon R. Perrie, Sarah M. Beadel, Kerry A. Ford, Ilse Breitwieser, Ines Schönberger, Rowan Hindmarsh-Walls, Peter B. Heenan and Kate Ladley. Please note, threat classifications are often suggested by authors when publications fall between NZTCS assessment periods – a suggested threat classification status has not been assessed by the NZTCS panel.
2017 | Not Threatened
Previous conservation statuses
2012 | Not Threatened
2009 | Not Threatened
2004 | Not Threatened
Endemic. North Island only, mainly in subalpine to alpine portions of the Central North Island and adjacent main axial ranges. Also collected on Mt Pirongia, and in the past from near Waiuku and Mt Wellington, Auckland. It is now extinct at these last two locations.
Usually a montane to subalpine species (600-1500 m a.s.l.) but occasionally found at lower altitudes. May be found growing in scrub, open forest, tussock grassland, along river and stream sides, and on rock outcrops
Stout, erect to somewhat lax, narrowly tufted, greyish green, glaucous to dull green grass 50-850 mm tall, sometimes rhizomatous, with pale straw-coloured leaf-sheaths. Leaf blades usually bearing scattered long, pilose hairs, with pilose hairs on culms and with the panicle-rachis and branches usually pubescent. Branching extravaginal. Leaf-sheath to 60 mm long, pubescent. Collar hairs sparse, pilose, long. Ligule 0.3-0.8 mm, truncate, erose, glabrous or ciliate. Leaf-blade 50-250 x 1.3-3.0 mm, flat, rarely inrolled and narrower, often with scattered long hairs, undersides prickle-toothed toward apex, upper surface ribbed with more or less scattered minute prickle-teeth or short hairs on ribs; margins minutely prickle-toothed, and often bearing scattered long pilose hairs. Culm 100-500 mm, internodes pilose above and below nodes, densely pilose, pubescent or glabrous towards panicle. Panicle 30-210 x 10-50 mm, lanceolate, usually open with visible rachis but spikelets clustered and individually inconspicuous; rachis, branches, and pedicels densely pilose to sparsely, minutely hairy. Spikelets 5-8 mm, pale green or purple-tinged. Glumes unequal, keels often strong, prickle-toothed in upper 1/2 or almost throughout; lower 2/3-4/5 length of upper, narrow-oblong, tapered to an often long-acuminate apex, upper < spikelet, elliptic, acute to shortly acuminate; margins almost entire with very few prickle-teeth near apex. Lemma 5.0-7.5 mm, bicuspid, minutely prickle-toothed or papillate; awn 5.0-9.5 mm, straight to later recurved, insertion point in upper 1/2 to 1/3 of lemma. Palea minutely prickle-toothed on keels and margins. Callus hairs to 0.8 mm. Rachilla hairs to 2 mm. Lodicules c.1.3 mm, glabrous. Anthers 1.8-22. mm. Ovary to 1 mm long; stigma-styles to 2.4 mm. Seed 2.5 x 0.8 mm.
Closest to T. serpentinum Edgar et A.P.Druce with which it shares distinctly hairy culms and leaves. However, T. lasiorhachis does not grow on ultramafic substrates. While Trisetum serpentinum is characteristically reddish-green, T. lasiorhachis is green to grey-green. In T. serpentinum the lemma is 3.0-4.5 mm long, the awns less than or equal to the lemma; the leaf-blade inrolled, < 1 mm diameter, only very rarely flat and up to 2 mm wide. In T. lasiorhachis the lemma is 5.0-7.5 mm long; the awn is much greater than of equal to the lemma; the leaf-blade is usually flat (rarely inrolled), and 1.3-3.3 mm wide. T. lasiorhachis is known only from the North Island, while T. serpentinum is occurs in both the North and South Islands,.
November - February
January - May
Easy from fresh seed and rooted pieces but will not thrive in humid climates. Does best in damp soil, in a cool spot with plenty of air movement
Where To Buy
Not commercially available
Description modified from Edgar and Connor (2000).
References and further reading
Edgar, E.; Connor, H.E. 2000: Flora of New Zealand. Vol. V. Grasses. Christchurch, Manaaki Whenua Press. 650 pp.