This plant list has been compiled by the stated observer(s) and been provided to NZPCN for public use in good faith. NZPCN cannot guarantee that data contained in these lists are up to date or accurate. Most species lists are not corroborated with herbarium specimens. Note, species lists are not typically an exhaustive presence/absence survey of an area and often may focus on a single habitat or only contain species visible at a particular time of year (for example, spring annual herbs may go unobserved during much of the year). These lists should not be solely relied on for the purpose of assessing environmental effects or for preparing restoration plans - for this work a site visit is critical.

Site name: Arapawa Island (ARAP)

Source/Observer: G Walls; Nelson Bot Soc

Number of observations: 395

District: Marlborough District

Date: 01/01/1983

SpeciesStructural classConservation statusNative/Exotic
Acaena anserinifolia
(bidibid, hutiwai, piripiri)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Acaena novae-zelandiae
(red bidibid)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Achillea millefolium
(yarrow)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesExotic
Acianthus sinclairii
(heart-leaved orchid, pixie cap)
OrchidsNot ThreatenedNative
Aciphylla squarrosa var. squarrosa
(speargrass)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesAt Risk – DecliningNative
Adiantum cunninghamii
(common maidenhair, Cunningham's maidenhair)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Aegopodium podagraria
(goutweed)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Agrostis capillaris
(browntop)
GrassesExotic
Aira caryophyllea subsp. caryophyllea
(silvery hair grass)
GrassesExotic
Alectryon excelsus subsp. excelsus
(New Zealand ash, tītoki)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Alseuosmia pusillaTrees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Alsophila smithii
(kātote, Smith's tree fern, soft tree fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Alsophila tricolor
(silver fern, ponga)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Anemanthele lessoniana
(gossamer grass)
GrassesAt Risk – RelictNative
Anthosachne scabra
(blue wheat grass)
GrassesExotic
Anthosachne solandri
(native wheatgrass, blue wheatgrass)
GrassesNot ThreatenedNative
Anthoxanthum odoratum
(sweet vernal)
GrassesExotic
Apium graveolens
(wild celery)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Arctium minus subsp. minus
(burdock)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesExotic
Aristotelia serrata
(makomako, wineberry)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Arthropodium candidumHerbs - MonocotsNot ThreatenedNative
Arthropodium cirratum
(rengarenga, renga lily, rock lily)
Herbs - MonocotsNot ThreatenedNative
Arthropteris tenella
(jointed fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Asperula perpusilla
(Dwarf bedstraw)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Asplenium appendiculatum subsp. appendiculatum
(ground spleenwort)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Asplenium appendiculatum subsp. maritimum
(coastal spleenwort)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Asplenium bulbiferum
(hen and chicken fern, pikopiko, mother spleenwort)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Asplenium flabellifolium
(butterfly fern, walking fern, necklace fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Asplenium flaccidum
(drooping spleenwort, hanging spleenwort)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Asplenium hookerianum var. colensoi
(Colenso's spleenwort)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Asplenium hookerianum var. hookerianum
(Hooker's spleenwort)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Asplenium oblongifolium
(huruhuruwhenua, shining spleenwort)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Asplenium obtusatum
(shore spleenwort)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Asplenium polyodon
(sickle spleenwort)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Astelia fragrans
(bush flax, bush lily, kakaha)
Herbs - MonocotsNot ThreatenedNative
Astelia hastata
(tank lily)
Herbs - MonocotsNot ThreatenedNative
Astelia solandri
(perching lily, kōwharawhara)
Herbs - MonocotsNot ThreatenedNative
Atriplex prostrata
(orache)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Austroblechnum banksii
(shore hard fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Austroblechnum lanceolatum
(lance fern, nini, rereti)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Austroblechnum penna-marina subsp. alpina
(little hard fern, alpine hard fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Austroderia richardii
(toetoe)
GrassesNot ThreatenedNative
Azorella hookeriHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Beilschmiedia tawa
(tawa)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Bellis perennis
(English daisy)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesExotic
Brachyglottis repanda
(rangiora, bushman's toilet paper, bushman's friend)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Bromus diandrus
(ripgut brome)
GrassesExotic
Bromus hordeaceus
(soft brome)
GrassesExotic
Bromus racemosusGrassesExotic
Bromus sterilis
(barren brome)
GrassesExotic
Caladenia bartlettiiOrchidsAt Risk – Naturally UncommonNative
Callitriche stagnalis
(water starwort)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Calystegia soldanella
(shore bindweed, shore convolvulus, rauparaha)
Lianes & Related Trailing Plants - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Calystegia tuguriorum
(climbing convolvulus, NZ bindweed)
Lianes & Related Trailing Plants - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Carduus tenuiflorus
(winged thistle)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesExotic
Carex coriacea
(cutty grass, rautahi)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Carex corynoidea
(bastard grass, fish hooks)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Carex cyanea
(hook sedge)
SedgesAt Risk – DecliningNative
Carex dipsacea
(teasel sedge)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Carex dissita
(forest sedge)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Carex flagellifera
(Glen Murray tussock, trip me up)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Carex geminata
(cutty grass, rautahi)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Carex healyi
(harsh-leaved bastard grass, hook sedge)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Carex horizontalis
(bastard grass, hook sedge)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Carex lectissima
(fine-leaved bastard grass, hook sedge)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Carex raoulii
(coastal forest sedge, Raoul's sedge)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Carex secta
(purei, pukio)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Carex solandri
(forest sedge, Solander's sedge)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Carex testacea
(speckled sedge, trip me up)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Carex uncinata
(bastard grass, hook sedge, kamu, matau-a-maui)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Carmichaelia australis
(common native broom, mākaka, maukoro, tainoka, taunoka, taranagahape)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Carpodetus serratus
(marbleleaf, putaputawētā, piripiriwhata)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Centaurium erythraea
(centaury)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Centella uniflora
(centella)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Cerastium fontanum subsp. vulgareHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Cheilanthes sieberi subsp. sieberi
(rock fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Chenopodium album
(fathen)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Chenopodium triandrum
(pigweed)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Chiloglottis cornuta
(bird orchid, ant orchid)
OrchidsNot ThreatenedNative
Cirsium arvense
(Californian thistle)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesExotic
Cirsium vulgare
(Scotch thistle)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesExotic
Clematis forsteri
(Forster's clematis)
Lianes & Related Trailing Plants - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Clematis paniculata
(white clematis, puawananga)
Lianes & Related Trailing Plants - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Conium maculatum
(hemlock)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Coprosma areolata
(thin-leaved coprosma)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Coprosma crassifoliaTrees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Coprosma foetidissima
(hūpiro, stinkwood, shit shrub)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Coprosma grandifolia
(kanono, manono, large-leaved coprosma, raurekau)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Coprosma lucida
(karamū, shining karamū)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Coprosma propinqua var. propinqua
(mingimingi)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Coprosma repens
(taupata, looking glass plant, mirror plant)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Coprosma rhamnoidesTrees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Coprosma robusta
(karamū, glossy karamū)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Coprosma rotundifoliaTrees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Cordyline australis
(cabbage tree, tī, tī kōuka, palm lily)
Trees & Shrubs - MonocotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Cordyline banksii
(tī ngahere, cabbage tree, tī rakau)
Trees & Shrubs - MonocotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Coriaria arborea var. arborea
(tutu, tree tutu)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Corybas macranthus
(silver-back spider orchid)
OrchidsNot ThreatenedNative
Corybas rivularisOrchidsAt Risk – Naturally UncommonNative
Corynocarpus laevigatus
(karaka, kopi)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Cotula australis
(common cotula, soldier's button)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesNot ThreatenedNative
Cotula coronopifolia
(bachelor's button, yellow buttons, waterbuttons)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesNot ThreatenedNative
Cranfillia deltoides
(korokio, mountain hard fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Cranfillia fluviatilis
(kiwikiwi, kiwakiwa, creek fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Craspedia minor
(small craspedia, woollyhead)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesNot ThreatenedNative
Crassula colligata subsp. colligataHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Crepis capillaris
(hawksbeard)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesExotic
Crocosmia ×crocosmiiflora
(montbretia)
Herbs - MonocotsExotic
Cynodon dactylon
(Bermuda grass)
GrassesExotic
Cyperus ustulatus
(coastal cutty grass, giant umbrella sedge, cyperus)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Cytisus scoparius
(wild broom)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsExotic
Dacrydium cupressinum
(rimu, red pine)
Trees & Shrubs - GymnospermsNot ThreatenedNative
Dactylis glomerata
(cocksfoot)
GrassesExotic
Dendroconche scandens
(fragrant fern, mokimoki)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Dianella nigra
(turutu, New Zealand blueberry, inkberry)
Herbs - MonocotsNot ThreatenedNative
Dichondra repens
(Mercury Bay weed, dichondra)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Dicksonia squarrosa
(wheki, rough tree fern, harsh tree fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Didymocheton spectabilis
(kohekohe, New Zealand mahogany)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Digitalis purpurea
(foxglove)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Discaria toumatou
(matagouri, tūmatakuru)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsAt Risk – DecliningNative
Disphyma australe subsp. australe
(horokaka, native ice plant, New Zealand ice plant)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Dodonaea viscosa
(akeake)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Dracophyllum longifolium var. longifolium
(inanga, inaka)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Earina autumnalis
(Easter orchid, raupeka)
OrchidsNot ThreatenedNative
Earina mucronata
(bamboo orchid, peka-a-waka, spring earina)
OrchidsNot ThreatenedNative
Echinopogon ovatus
(forest hedgehog grass, hedgehog grass)
GrassesNot ThreatenedNative
Ehrharta erecta
(veldt grass)
GrassesExotic
Elaeocarpus dentatus var. dentatus
(hīnau)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Epilobium alsinoides
(willowherb)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Epilobium ciliatum
(willowherb)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Epilobium cinereum
(willowherb)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Epilobium macropus
(willowherb)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Epilobium nummulariifolium
(creeping willowherb)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Erica lusitanica
(Spanish heath)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsExotic
Erigeron sumatrensis
(broad-leaved flea-bane)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesExotic
Euchiton sphaericusHerbs - Dicotyledonous compositesNot ThreatenedNative
Euphorbia lathyrus
(caper spurge)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Euphorbia peplus
(milkweed)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Euphrasia cuneata
(North Island eyebright)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Festuca bromoides
(vulpia hair grass, brome fescue, squirrel-tailed fescue)
GrassesExotic
Festuca megalura
(vulpia hair grass, rat's tail fescue)
GrassesExotic
Festuca rubra subsp. rubra
(red fescue)
GrassesExotic
Ficinia nodosa
(wiwi, knobby club rush, ethel sedge)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Freycinetia banksii
(kiekie)
Lianes - MonocotsNot ThreatenedNative
Fuchsia excorticata
(kōtukutuku, tree fuchsia)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Fumaria bastardii
(Bastard's fumitory)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Fumaria muralis subsp. muralis
(scrambling fumitory)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Fuscospora fusca
(red beech)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Fuscospora solandri
(black beech, tawhairauriki)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Fuscospora truncata
(hard beech, tawhairaunui)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Gahnia pauciflora
(cutting sedge)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Gahnia xanthocarpa
(gahnia, māpere)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Galeopsis tetrahit
(hemp-nettle)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Galium aparine
(cleavers)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Galium muraleHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Gastrodia cunninghamii
(black orchid, black potato orchid, perei)
OrchidsNot ThreatenedNative
Gaultheria antipoda
(bush snowberry, fool's beech)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Geranium molle
(dove's foot cranesbill)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Glyceria fluitans
(floating sweetgrass)
GrassesExotic
Gonocarpus aggregatusHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Griselinia littoralis
(broadleaf, kāpuka, papauma)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Griselinia lucida
(puka, akapuka)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Haloragis erecta subsp. erecta
(toatoa, fire weed, shrubby haloragis)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Hedycarya arborea
(porokaiwhiri, pigeonwood)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Helichrysum filicaule
(creeping everlasting daisy, slender everlasting daisy)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesNot ThreatenedNative
Histiopteris incisa
(histiopteris, water fern, mātātā, bat's wing fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Hiya distansFernsNot ThreatenedNative
Hoheria sexstylosa
(houhere, lacebark)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Holcus lanatus
(Yorkshire fog)
GrassesExotic
Hordeum marinum subsp. marinum
(salt barley grass)
GrassesExotic
Hordeum murinum subsp. murinum
(barley grass)
GrassesExotic
Hydrocotyle elongataHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Hydrocotyle heteromeria
(waxweed, waxweed pennywort)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Hydrocotyle novae-zeelandiae var. novae-zeelandiaeHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Hymenophyllum cupressiformeFernsAt Risk – Naturally UncommonNative
Hymenophyllum demissum
(drooping filmy fern, Irirangi, piripiri)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Hymenophyllum dilatatum
(filmy fern, matua mauku)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Hymenophyllum flexuosum
(filmy fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Hymenophyllum minimum
(filmy fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Hymenophyllum multifidum
(much-divided filmy fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Hymenophyllum nephrophyllum
(kidney fern, konehu, kopakopa, raurenga)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Hymenophyllum peltatum
(one-sided filmy fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Hymenophyllum rarum
(filmy fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Hymenophyllum revolutum
(filmy fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Hymenophyllum sanguinolentum
(filmy fern, piripiri)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Hypericum humifusum
(trailing St John's wort)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Hypochaeris radicata
(catsear)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesExotic
Hypolepis ambiguaFernsNot ThreatenedNative
Hypolepis rufobarbataFernsNot ThreatenedNative
Icarus filiformis
(thread fern, climbing hard fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Isolepis cernua var. cernua
(slender clubrush)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Jacobaea vulgaris
(ragwort)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesExotic
Juncus australis
(leafless rush, wiwi)
Rushes & Allied PlantsNot ThreatenedNative
Juncus bufonius var. bufonius
(toad rush)
Rushes & Allied PlantsExotic
Juncus bulbosus
(bulbous rush)
Rushes & Allied PlantsExotic
Juncus edgariae
(wiwi, Edgar's rush)
Rushes & Allied PlantsNot ThreatenedNative
Juncus effusus var. effusus
(soft rush)
Rushes & Allied PlantsExotic
Juncus planifolius
(grass-leaved rush)
Rushes & Allied PlantsNot ThreatenedNative
Koeleria drucei
(Druce's oatgrass)
GrassesAt Risk – Naturally UncommonNative
Kunzea ericoides
(kānuka)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsThreatened – Nationally VulnerableNative
Lachnagrostis littoralis subsp. littoralis
(coastal wind grass)
GrassesNot ThreatenedNative
Lagenophora pumila
(papataniwhaniwha)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesNot ThreatenedNative
Lamium purpureum
(red dead nettle)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Landoltia punctata
(purple-backed duckweed)
Herbs - MonocotsExotic
Lapsana communis
(nipplewort)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesExotic
Lastreopsis hispida
(hairy fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Lastreopsis velutina
(velvet fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Lathyrus latifolius
(everlasting pea)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Laurelia novae-zelandiae
(pukatea)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Lepidium didymum
(twin cress)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Lepidium pseudotasmanicum
(narrow-leaved cress)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Leptecophylla juniperina subsp. juniperina
(prickly mingimingi, mingimingi)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Leptopteris hymenophylloides
(crêpe fern, single crêpe fern, heruheru)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Leptospermum scoparium var. scoparium
(mānuka, kahikātoa)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsAt Risk – DecliningNative
Leucopogon fasciculatus
(mingimingi, tall mingimingi)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Libertia ixioides
(mikoikoi, NZ iris)
Herbs - MonocotsNot ThreatenedNative
Lindsaea trichomanoidesFernsNot ThreatenedNative
Linum bienne
(pale flax)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Linum monogynum var. monogynumHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesAt Risk – DecliningNative
Lobelia anceps
(New Zealand lobelia, shore lobelia)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Lolium arundinaceum subsp. arundinaceum
(tall fescue)
GrassesExotic
Lolium perenne
(perennial rye grass)
GrassesExotic
Lomaria discolor
(crown fern, petipeti, piupiu)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Lophomyrtus bullata
(ramarama)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsThreatened – Nationally CriticalNative
Lotus pedunculatus
(lotus)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Loxogramme dictyopteris
(lance fern, whare ngārara)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Luzula banksiana var. banksiana
(coastal woodrush)
Rushes & Allied PlantsNot ThreatenedNative
Lysimachia arvensis subsp. arvensis var. arvensis
(pimpernel)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Marrubium vulgare
(horehound)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Melicope ternata
(wharangi)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Melicytus crassifolius
(thick-leaved mahoe)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsAt Risk – DecliningNative
Melicytus macrophyllus
(large-leaved māhoe)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Melicytus ramiflorus subsp. ramiflorus
(māhoe, hinahina, whitey wood)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Melilotus officinalis
(yellow sweet clover)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Mentha cunninghamii
(New Zealand mint, hīoi)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesAt Risk – DecliningNative
Mentha pulegium
(pennyroyal)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Mentha spicata subsp. spicata
(mint)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Metrosideros diffusa
(white rātā)
Lianes & Related Trailing Plants - DicotyledonsThreatened – Nationally VulnerableNative
Metrosideros excelsa
(pōhutukawa)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsThreatened – Nationally VulnerableNative
Metrosideros fulgens
(climbing rātā)
Lianes & Related Trailing Plants - DicotyledonsThreatened – Nationally VulnerableNative
Metrosideros perforata
(akatea)
Lianes & Related Trailing Plants - DicotyledonsThreatened – Nationally VulnerableNative
Metrosideros umbellata
(southern rātā)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsThreatened – Nationally VulnerableNative
Microlaena avenacea
(bush rice grass, oat grass)
GrassesNot ThreatenedNative
Microlaena stipoides
(meadow rice grass, slender rice grass)
GrassesNot ThreatenedNative
Microtis unifolia
(onion-leaved orchid, microtis)
OrchidsNot ThreatenedNative
Muehlenbeckia australis
(pōhuehue, large-leaved muehlenbeckia)
Lianes & Related Trailing Plants - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Muehlenbeckia complexa var. complexa
(small-leaved pōhuehue, scrub pōhuehue, wire vine)
Lianes & Related Trailing Plants - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Myoporum laetum
(ngaio)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Myosotis laxa subsp. caespitosa
(water forget-me-not)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Myrsine australis
(red mapou, red matipo, mapau, red maple)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Myrsine salicina
(toro)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Nasturtium officinale
(Watercress)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Navarretia squarrosa
(Californian stinkweed)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Neomyrtus pedunculata
(rōhutu)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsThreatened – Nationally CriticalNative
Nertera depressa
(nertera, bead plant, fruiting duckweed)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Nertera villosa
(hairy forest nertera)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Notogrammitis angustifolia subsp. nothofageti
(strapfern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Notogrammitis heterophylla
(taupeka, comb fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Olearia paniculata
(akiraho, golden akeake)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Olearia rani var. colorata
(heketara)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Olearia solandri
(coastal tree daisy)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Ophioglossum coriaceum
(adder's tongue)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Orobanche minor
(broomrape)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Orthoceras novae-zeelandiae
(horned orchid)
OrchidsNot ThreatenedNative
Oxalis corniculata subsp. corniculata
(creeping woodsorrel, horned oxalis)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Oxalis debilis
(pink shamrock)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Oxalis exilis
(creeping oxalis, yellow oxalis)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Ozothamnus leptophyllus
(tauhinu)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Paesia scaberula
(lace fern, ring fern, scented fern, pig fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Pakau pennigera
(gully fern, feather fern, piupiu)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Parablechnum montanum
(mountain kiokio, Dunedin-Cass blechnum)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Parablechnum novae-zelandiae
(kiokio, horokio, palm leaf fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Parablechnum procerum
(small kiokio)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Parapolystichum glabellum
(smooth shield fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Parietaria debilis
(New Zealand pellitory)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Parsonsia capsularis var. capsularis
(New Zealand jasmine, small flowered jasmine)
Lianes & Related Trailing Plants - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Parsonsia heterophylla
(New Zealand jasmine)
Lianes & Related Trailing Plants - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Passiflora tetrandra
(kohia, NZ passionflower, NZ passionfruit)
Lianes & Related Trailing Plants - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Pectinopitys ferruginea
(miro, brown pine)
Trees & Shrubs - GymnospermsNot ThreatenedNative
Pelargonium inodorum
(kōpata)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Pellaea rotundifolia
(round-leaved fern, New Zealand cliff brake)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Pennantia corymbosa
(kaikōmako)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Pentapogon aucklandicusGrassesNot ThreatenedNative
Pentapogon avenoides
(mountain oat grass)
GrassesNot ThreatenedNative
Pentapogon crinitus
(long-hair plume grass)
GrassesNot ThreatenedNative
Peperomia urvilleana
(peperomia)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Persicaria hydropiper
(water pepper)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Phlegmariurus varius
(clubmoss)
Lycophytes (clubmosses, selaginella, quillworts)Not ThreatenedNative
Phormium cookianum subsp. cookianum
(mountain flax, wharariki)
Herbs - MonocotsNot ThreatenedNative
Phormium tenax
(flax, harakeke, kōrari (Māori name for inflorescence).)
Herbs - MonocotsNot ThreatenedNative
Physalis peruviana
(Cape gooseberry)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Picris burbidgeaeHerbs - Dicotyledonous compositesThreatened – Nationally VulnerableNative
Pimelea prostrata subsp. prostrata
(pinātoro, New Zealand daphne, Strathmore weed)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Pinus pinaster
(cluster pine)
Trees & Shrubs - GymnospermsExotic
Pinus radiata
(Monterey pine, radiata pine)
Trees & Shrubs - GymnospermsExotic
Piper excelsum subsp. excelsum
(kawakawa, pepper tree)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Pittosporum eugenioides
(tarata, lemonwood)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Pittosporum tenuifolium
(kohukohu, kōhūhū, black matipo)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Plagianthus divaricatus
(salt marsh ribbonwood, marsh ribbonwood)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Plantago australis
(swamp plantain)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Plantago coronopus
(buck's horn plantain)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Plantago lanceolata
(narrow-leaved plantain)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Plantago spathulata
(papa plantain)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Poa annua
(annual poa)
GrassesExotic
Poa cita
(silver tussock)
GrassesNot ThreatenedNative
Poa dipsaceaGrassesNot ThreatenedNative
Poa pratensis
(Kentucky bluegrass)
GrassesExotic
Poa pusillaGrassesNot ThreatenedNative
Podocarpus laetus
(mountain tōtara, Hall's tōtara, thin-barked tōtara, tōtara-kiri-kōtukutuku)
Trees & Shrubs - GymnospermsNot ThreatenedNative
Polycarpon tetraphyllum
(allseed)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Polyphlebium endlicherianumFernsNot ThreatenedNative
Polyphlebium venosum
(veined bristle fern, veined filmy fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Polystichum neozelandicum subsp. zerophyllum
(shield fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Polystichum vestitum
(punui, prickly shield fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Prasophyllum colensoi
(leek orchid)
OrchidsNot ThreatenedNative
Prumnopitys taxifolia
(mataī, black pine)
Trees & Shrubs - GymnospermsNot ThreatenedNative
Pseudodiphasium volubile
(climbing clubmoss, waewaekoukou)
Lycophytes (clubmosses, selaginella, quillworts)Not ThreatenedNative
Pseudopanax arboreus
(fivefinger, five finger, whauwhaupaku)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Pseudopanax crassifolius
(horoeka, lancewood)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Pseudopanax ferox
(fierce lancewood)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsAt Risk – Naturally UncommonNative
Pseudowintera axillaris
(lowland horopito, lowland pepper tree)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Pseudowintera colorata
(red horopito, mountain horopito)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Pteridium esculentum
(bracken, rarauhe, bracken fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Pteris macilenta
(sweet fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Pterophylla racemosa
(kāmahi, tawheo, tawhero, tawherowhero)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Pterostylis alobula
(greenhood)
OrchidsNot ThreatenedNative
Pterostylis banksii
(tutukiwi, greenhood)
OrchidsNot ThreatenedNative
Pterostylis graminea
(grass-leaved greenhood)
OrchidsNot ThreatenedNative
Pyrrosia elaeagnifolia
(leather-leaf fern, pyrrosia)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Ranunculus reflexus
(hairy buttercup, maru, maruru, kopukapuka, pirikau)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Ranunculus repens
(buttercup)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Raoulia glabra
(mat daisy)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesNot ThreatenedNative
Raukaua anomalusTrees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Raukaua edgerleyi
(raukawa)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Reseda luteola
(wild mignonette)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Rhopalostylis sapida
(nīkau)
Trees & Shrubs - MonocotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Ripogonum scandens
(supplejack, kareao, pirita)
Lianes - MonocotsNot ThreatenedNative
Rubus cissoides
(tātarāmoa, bush lawyer)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Rumex acetosella
(sheep's sorrel)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Rumex brownii
(hooked dock)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Rumex conglomeratus
(clustered dock)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Rumex crispus
(curled dock)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Rumohra adiantiformis
(leathery shield fern, florists fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Rytidosperma gracile
(dainty bristle grass)
GrassesNot ThreatenedNative
Rytidosperma pilosumGrassesExotic
Rytidosperma racemosum
(danthonia)
GrassesExotic
Rytidosperma unarede
(bristle grass)
GrassesNot ThreatenedNative
Sagina apetala
(pearlwort)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Salicornia quinqueflora
(glasswort)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Samolus repens var. repens
(Sea primrose, shore pimpernel, water pimpernel)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Schefflera digitata
(patatē, patē, seven-finger)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Selliera radicans
(selliera, remuremu, half-star)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Senecio bipinnatisectus
(Australian fireweed)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesNot ThreatenedNative
Senecio lautus
(shore groundsel, variable groundsel)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesNot ThreatenedNative
Senecio minimus
(fireweed)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesNot ThreatenedNative
Senecio scaberulus
(fireweed)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesThreatened – Nationally CriticalNative
Senecio sterquilinus
(guano groundsel)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesAt Risk – RelictNative
Senecio vulgaris
(common groundsel)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesExotic
Senecio wairauensis
(mountain fireweed)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesNot ThreatenedNative
Sherardia arvensis
(field madder)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Silene gallica
(catchfly)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Solanum aviculare var. aviculare
(poroporo)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsThreatened – Nationally VulnerableNative
Solanum nigrum
(black nightshade)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Solanum tuberosum
(potato)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Sonchus arvensis
(perennial sow thistle)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesExotic
Sonchus asper
(prickly sow thistle)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesExotic
Sonchus kirkii
(puha, shore puha, New Zealand sow thistle)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesAt Risk – DecliningNative
Sophora microphylla
(kōwhai, weeping kōwhai, small-leaved kōwhai)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Spergularia rubra
(sand spurrey)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Sphaeropteris medullaris
(mamaku, black tree fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Sporobolus africanus
(rat's tail)
GrassesExotic
Stellaria media subsp. media
(chickweed)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Stellaria parviflora
(New Zealand chickweed)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Streblus banksii
(ewekuri, large-leaved milk tree, tūrepo)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsAt Risk – RelictNative
Streblus heterophyllus
(small-leaved milk tree, tūrepo)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Styphelia nesophila
(pātōtara, dwarf mingimingi)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Suaeda novae-zelandiae
(Sea blite)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Thelymitra longifolia
(white sun orchid, māikuku)
OrchidsNot ThreatenedNative
Thelymitra pauciflora
(sun orchid)
OrchidsNot ThreatenedNative
Tmesipteris elongata
(fork fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Tmesipteris tannensis
(fork fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Trifolium dubium
(suckling clover)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Trifolium repens
(white clover)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Tupeia antarctica
(Tāpia, pirita, white mistletoe, tupia, kohuorangi)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsAt Risk – DecliningNative
Ulex europaeus
(gorse)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsExotic
Urtica ferox
(ongaonga, tree nettle)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Urtica urens
(nettle, stinging nettle)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Verbascum thapsus
(woolly mullein, common mullein)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Verbascum virgatum
(moth mullein, wand mullein)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Veronica stenophylla var. stenophylla
(hebe)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Vicia sativa
(vetch)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Vinca major
(periwinkle)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Vittadinia cuneata
(purple fuzzweed)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesExotic
Wahlenbergia violacea
(violet harebell)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Zealandia pustulata subsp. pustulata
(hound's tongue, kōwaowao, pāraharaha)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative