This plant list has been compiled by the stated observer(s) and been provided to NZPCN for public use in good faith. NZPCN cannot guarantee that data contained in these lists are up to date or accurate. Most species lists are not corroborated with herbarium specimens. Note, species lists are not typically an exhaustive presence/absence survey of an area and often may focus on a single habitat or only contain species visible at a particular time of year (for example, spring annual herbs may go unobserved during much of the year). These lists should not be solely relied on for the purpose of assessing environmental effects or for preparing restoration plans - for this work a site visit is critical.

Site name: Awarua Bay Gravel Pit east of the Tiwai causeway (B161)

Source/Observer: BD Rance

Number of observations: 105

District: Invercargill City

Date: 12/11/2005

SpeciesStructural classConservation statusNative/Exotic
Acaena novae-zelandiae
(red bidibid)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Anaphalioides hookeriHerbs - Dicotyledonous compositesNot ThreatenedNative
Androstoma empetrifoliumTrees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Angelica pachycarpa
(angelica)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Anthoxanthum odoratum
(sweet vernal)
GrassesExotic
Apodasmia similis
(jointed wire rush, oioi)
Rushes & Allied PlantsNot ThreatenedNative
Aquilegia vulgaris
(columbine)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Asperula perpusilla
(Dwarf bedstraw)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Astelia fragrans
(bush flax, bush lily, kakaha)
Herbs - MonocotsNot ThreatenedNative
Austroblechnum penna-marina subsp. alpina
(little hard fern, alpine hard fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Austroderia richardii
(toetoe)
GrassesNot ThreatenedNative
Bellardia viscosa
(tarweed)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Bellis perennis
(English daisy)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesExotic
Calamagrostis arenaria (L.) Roth
(marram grass)
GrassesExotic
Carex coriacea
(cutty grass, rautahi)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Carex flaviformis
(yellow sedge)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Carpha alpina
(carpha)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Centaurium erythraea
(centaury)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Centella uniflora
(centella)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Centrolepis ciliata
(centrolepis)
Herbs - MonocotsNot ThreatenedNative
Cerastium fontanum subsp. vulgareHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Chionochloa rubra subsp. cuprea
(copper tussock)
GrassesNot ThreatenedNative
Cirsium arvense
(Californian thistle)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesExotic
Cirsium vulgare
(Scotch thistle)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesExotic
Coprosma perpusilla subsp. perpusillaTrees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Cordyline australis
(cabbage tree, tī, tī kōuka, palm lily)
Trees & Shrubs - MonocotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Cotoneaster simonsii
(Khasia berry)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsExotic
Crepis capillaris
(hawksbeard)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesExotic
Crocosmia ×crocosmiiflora
(montbretia)
Herbs - MonocotsExotic
Cytisus scoparius
(wild broom)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsExotic
Dactylis glomerata
(cocksfoot)
GrassesExotic
Dracophyllum longifolium var. longifolium
(inanga, inaka)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Dracophyllum oliveriTrees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Drosera binata
(forked sundew, scented sundew)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Drosera pygmaea
(pygmy sundew)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesAt Risk – RelictNative
Drosera spatulata
(sundew)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Eleocharis acuta
(sharp spike sedge)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Empodisma minus
(wire rush, lesser wire rush)
Rushes & Allied PlantsNot ThreatenedNative
Erica lusitanica
(Spanish heath)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsExotic
Erigeron karvinskianus
(Mexican daisy)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesExotic
Euchiton ruahinicusHerbs - Dicotyledonous compositesNot ThreatenedNative
Ficinia nodosa
(wiwi, knobby club rush, ethel sedge)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Gaultheria macrostigma
(prostrate snowberry)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Geranium microphyllumHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesAt Risk – Naturally UncommonNative
Gleichenia dicarpa
(tangle fern, swamp umbrella fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Gonocarpus micranthus subsp. micranthusHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Holcus lanatus
(Yorkshire fog)
GrassesExotic
Hypericum pusillum
(swamp hypericum)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Hypochaeris radicata
(catsear)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesExotic
Isolepis cernua var. cernua
(slender clubrush)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Jacobaea vulgaris
(ragwort)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesExotic
Juncus articulatus
(jointed rush)
Rushes & Allied PlantsExotic
Juncus bufonius var. bufonius
(toad rush)
Rushes & Allied PlantsExotic
Juncus edgariae
(wiwi, Edgar's rush)
Rushes & Allied PlantsNot ThreatenedNative
Juncus planifolius
(grass-leaved rush)
Rushes & Allied PlantsNot ThreatenedNative
Lachnagrostis filiformis
(New Zealand wind grass)
GrassesNot ThreatenedNative
Lagenophora petiolata
(papataniwhaniwha)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesNot ThreatenedNative
Lateristachys diffusaLycophytes (clubmosses, selaginella, quillworts)Not ThreatenedNative
Lepidosperma australe
(square sedge, square-stemmed sedge)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Leptecophylla juniperina subsp. juniperina
(prickly mingimingi, mingimingi)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Leptinella dioica
(shore cotula)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesNot ThreatenedNative
Leptospermum scoparium var. scoparium
(mānuka, kahikātoa)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsAt Risk – DecliningNative
Leptostigma setulosumHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Linum catharticum
(purging flax)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Lobelia angulata
(pratia)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Lolium arundinaceum subsp. arundinaceum
(tall fescue)
GrassesExotic
Lonicera japonica
(Japanese honeysuckle)
Lianes & Related Trailing Plants - DicotyledonsExotic
Lotus pedunculatus
(lotus)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Lupinus arboreus
(tree lupin)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsExotic
Luzula congestaRushes & Allied PlantsExotic
Machaerina tenaxSedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Microtis unifolia
(onion-leaved orchid, microtis)
OrchidsNot ThreatenedNative
Myriophyllum votschiiHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Nertera depressa
(nertera, bead plant, fruiting duckweed)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Olearia arborescens
(common tree daisy, glossy tree daisy)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Ozothamnus vauvilliersii
(Mountain tauhinu)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Pentapogon avenoides
(mountain oat grass)
GrassesNot ThreatenedNative
Phormium tenax
(flax, harakeke, kōrari (Māori name for inflorescence).)
Herbs - MonocotsNot ThreatenedNative
Pinus radiata
(Monterey pine, radiata pine)
Trees & Shrubs - GymnospermsExotic
Poa cita
(silver tussock)
GrassesNot ThreatenedNative
Prasophyllum colensoi
(leek orchid)
OrchidsNot ThreatenedNative
Prunella vulgaris
(self-heal)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsExotic
Pteridium esculentum
(bracken, rarauhe, bracken fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Ranunculus glabrifolius
(waoriki)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Raoulia glabra
(mat daisy)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesNot ThreatenedNative
Rubus fruticosus agg.
(blackberry)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsExotic
Rytidosperma gracile
(dainty bristle grass)
GrassesNot ThreatenedNative
Sagina procumbens
(procumbent pearlwort)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Schoenus concinnusSedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Schoenus maschalinus
(dwarf bog rush)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Sedum acre
(stonecrop)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Selliera radicans
(selliera, remuremu, half-star)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Senecio minimus
(fireweed)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesNot ThreatenedNative
Sisyrinchium "yellow"Herbs - MonocotsExotic
Sisyrinchium rosulatum
(Annual blue-eyed grass)
Herbs - MonocotsExotic
Solanum dulcamara
(bittersweet)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Sonchus asper
(prickly sow thistle)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesExotic
Styphelia nesophila
(pātōtara, dwarf mingimingi)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Thelymitra cyanea
(swamp sun orchid, striped sun orchid)
OrchidsNot ThreatenedNative
Thelymitra longifolia
(white sun orchid, māikuku)
OrchidsNot ThreatenedNative
Trifolium dubium
(suckling clover)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Trifolium repens
(white clover)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Triglochin striata
(triglochin)
Herbs - MonocotsNot ThreatenedNative
Ulex europaeus
(gorse)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsExotic
Utricularia dichotoma subsp. novae-zelandiaeHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative