Vascular – Exotic
Trees & Shrubs - Dicotyledons
The National Vegetation Survey (NVS) Databank is a physical archive and electronic databank containing records of over 94,000 vegetation survey plots - including data from over 19,000 permanent plots. NVS maintains a standard set of species code abbreviations that correspond to standard scientific plant names from the Ngä Tipu o Aotearoa - New Zealand Plants database.
Terrestrial. Short tussockland, bare land, riverbeds, coastal sandy and well drained areas.
Wetland plant indicator status rating
UPL: Obligate Upland
Rarely is a hydrophyte, almost always in uplands (non-wetlands).
Short-lived, perennial shrub to 2-3 m high. Deep taproot. Stems densely silky-hairy when young, tough, erect, branching, becoming soft-woody. Leaves grey-green, hairless above, silky below, divided into 5-11 leaflets spreading out from one point finger-like; leaflets 15-40 x 3-10 mm. Flowers pea-like, 15-18 mm long, usually pale yellow (rarely white or bluish), sweetly scented, Oct-May. Seed pod stout, softly hairy, 40-80 mm long, firmly attached; splits explosively to disperse dark brown, mottled seeds, 4-6 mm long.
L. angustifolius blue lupin is a semi-woody annual with blue flowers Aug-Apr, occasionally weedy. L. polyphyllus herbaceos weedy species with blue flowers. Hybrid L. arboreus x polyphyllus has larger and more leaflets, flower yellow with blue or purple streaks; is rarely weedy.
October, November, December, January, February, March, April, May
California, N. America
arboreus: From the Latin arbor ‘tree’, meaning tree-like
Reason For Introduction
Life Cycle Comments
Reproduces via seed.
Seed long-lasting in soil.
Water and soil movement. Explosive pods. Deliberately sown for sand consolidation, erosion control.
Tolerates wind, salt, hot to cold, physical damage and grazing (not readily eaten), drought, low fertility (fixes nitrogen), fire. Intolerant of moderate shade and waterlogged soils.
The seed are poisonous if they are chewed or crushed before eating.