Geothermal vegetation has been significantly reduced and is still threatened by exploitation for energy production (thermal and hydro-electricity power generation, heating, and industrial uses), as well as land use changes such as urban and subdivision development, farming, , forestry, golf courses, mining, wetland infilling and drainage, new roads, tourism, fire, animal pests, and pest plant invasion.
Pest plants, particularly wild introduced conifers and other woody plants, are now a major threat at many sites. Restoration and management of threats is a key component of management to protect the indigenous character of these sites.
For more information see*
- Geothermal vegetation dynamics by Bruce Burns and John Leathwick (1995). Part 1: Map of Geothermal Vegetation of the Te Kopia Scenic Reserve. Part 2: Plant species organisation along major environmental gradients. Science for Conservation 18. Department of Conservation, Wellington. 26pp
- Given D.R. 1995: Geothermal Vegetation – an assessment of botanical values of selected geothermal sites in the Taupo Volcanic Zone. David Given and Associates, Christchurch.
- Merrett M.F. Clarkson B.R. 1999: Definition, description and illustrations of geothermally influenced terrestrial and emergent wetland vegetation. Landcare Research Contract Report: LC9900/022.
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