This plant list has been compiled by the stated observer(s) and been provided to NZPCN for public use in good faith. NZPCN cannot guarantee that data contained in these lists are up to date or accurate. Most species lists are not corroborated with herbarium specimens. Note, species lists are not typically an exhaustive presence/absence survey of an area and often may focus on a single habitat or only contain species visible at a particular time of year (for example, spring annual herbs may go unobserved during much of the year). These lists should not be solely relied on for the purpose of assessing environmental effects or for preparing restoration plans - for this work a site visit is critical.

Site name: Purakaunui Falls (PURA)

List name: Otago Bot Soc

Source/Observer: Otago Bot Soc Otago University; Wellington Bot Soc

Number of observations: 139

District: Clutha District

Date: 01/01/2002

SpeciesStructural classConservation statusNative/Exotic
Acaena anserinifolia
(bidibid, hutiwai, piripiri)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Acaena novae-zelandiae
(red bidibid)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Achillea millefolium
(yarrow)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesExotic
Agrostis capillaris
(browntop)
GrassesExotic
Alsophila smithii
(kātote, Smith's tree fern, soft tree fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Anaphalioides bellidioides
(Hell's bells)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesNot ThreatenedNative
Anthoxanthum odoratum
(sweet vernal)
GrassesExotic
Aristotelia serrata
(makomako, wineberry)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Asplenium bulbiferum
(hen and chicken fern, pikopiko, mother spleenwort)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Asplenium flaccidum
(drooping spleenwort, hanging spleenwort)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Astelia fragrans
(bush flax, bush lily, kakaha)
Herbs - MonocotsNot ThreatenedNative
Austroblechnum colensoi
(Colenso's hard fern, peretao, petako)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Austroblechnum lanceolatum
(lance fern, nini, rereti)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Austroblechnum penna-marina subsp. alpina
(little hard fern, alpine hard fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Callitriche stagnalis
(water starwort)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Carex coriacea
(cutty grass, rautahi)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Carex corynoidea
(bastard grass, fish hooks)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Carex imbecilla
(feeble bastard grass, hook sedge)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Carex secta
(purei, pukio)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Carex uncinata
(bastard grass, hook sedge, kamu, matau-a-maui)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Carpodetus serratus
(marbleleaf, putaputawētā, piripiriwhata)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Cerastium glomeratum
(annual mouse-ear chickweed)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Chiloglottis cornuta
(bird orchid, ant orchid)
OrchidsNot ThreatenedNative
Chionochloa rubra subsp. cuprea
(copper tussock)
GrassesNot ThreatenedNative
Cirsium arvense
(Californian thistle)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesExotic
Cirsium vulgare
(Scotch thistle)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesExotic
Clematis paniculata
(white clematis, puawananga)
Lianes & Related Trailing Plants - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Coprosma areolata
(thin-leaved coprosma)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Coprosma colensoiTrees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Coprosma foetidissima
(hūpiro, stinkwood, shit shrub)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Coprosma lucida
(karamū, shining karamū)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Coprosma propinqua var. propinqua
(mingimingi)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Coprosma rhamnoidesTrees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Coprosma rotundifoliaTrees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Cranfillia fluviatilis
(kiwikiwi, kiwakiwa, creek fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Dacrydium cupressinum
(rimu, red pine)
Trees & Shrubs - GymnospermsNot ThreatenedNative
Dactylis glomerata
(cocksfoot)
GrassesExotic
Dicksonia fibrosa
(wheki-ponga, wheki-kohoonga, golden tree fern, kuripaka)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Dicksonia squarrosa
(wheki, rough tree fern, harsh tree fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Digitalis purpurea
(foxglove)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Dracophyllum longifolium var. longifolium
(inanga, inaka)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Earina autumnalis
(Easter orchid, raupeka)
OrchidsNot ThreatenedNative
Earina mucronata
(bamboo orchid, peka-a-waka, spring earina)
OrchidsNot ThreatenedNative
Elaeocarpus hookerianus
(pōkākā)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Epilobium ciliatum
(willowherb)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Epilobium pedunculare
(willowherb)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Erythranthe guttata
(monkey musk)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Euchiton delicatusHerbs - Dicotyledonous compositesNot ThreatenedNative
Fuchsia excorticata
(kōtukutuku, tree fuchsia)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Fuscospora cliffortioides
(mountain beech)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Gaultheria antipoda
(bush snowberry, fool's beech)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Griselinia littoralis
(broadleaf, kāpuka, papauma)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Histiopteris incisa
(histiopteris, water fern, mātātā, bat's wing fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Holcus lanatus
(Yorkshire fog)
GrassesExotic
Hydrocotyle heteromeria
(waxweed, waxweed pennywort)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Hymenophyllum bivalve
(filmy fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Hymenophyllum demissum
(drooping filmy fern, Irirangi, piripiri)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Hymenophyllum multifidum
(much-divided filmy fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Hymenophyllum revolutum
(filmy fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Hymenophyllum sanguinolentum
(filmy fern, piripiri)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Hypochaeris radicata
(catsear)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesExotic
Hypolepis ambiguaFernsNot ThreatenedNative
Jacobaea vulgaris
(ragwort)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesExotic
Juncus edgariae
(wiwi, Edgar's rush)
Rushes & Allied PlantsNot ThreatenedNative
Leptolepia novae-zelandiae
(lace fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Leptopteris hymenophylloides
(crêpe fern, single crêpe fern, heruheru)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Leptopteris superba
(heruheru, crêpe fern, Prince of Wales feathers)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Leptospermum scoparium var. scoparium
(mānuka, kahikātoa)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsAt Risk – DecliningNative
Leycesteria formosa
(Himalayan honeysuckle)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsExotic
Lobelia angulata
(pratia)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Lomaria discolor
(crown fern, petipeti, piupiu)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Lophozonia menziesii
(silver beech)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Lotus corniculatus
(birdsfoot trefoil)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Melicope simplex
(poataniwha)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Melicytus lanceolatus
(māhoe-wao, narrow-leaved māhoe)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Melicytus ramiflorus subsp. ramiflorus
(māhoe, hinahina, whitey wood)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Metrosideros diffusa
(white rātā)
Lianes & Related Trailing Plants - DicotyledonsThreatened – Nationally VulnerableNative
Microlaena avenacea
(bush rice grass, oat grass)
GrassesNot ThreatenedNative
Muehlenbeckia australis
(pōhuehue, large-leaved muehlenbeckia)
Lianes & Related Trailing Plants - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Muehlenbeckia complexa var. complexa
(small-leaved pōhuehue, scrub pōhuehue, wire vine)
Lianes & Related Trailing Plants - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Mycelis muralis
(wall lettuce)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesExotic
Myrsine australis
(red mapou, red matipo, mapau, red maple)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Myrsine divaricata
(weeping matipo, weeping mapou)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Neomyrtus pedunculata
(rōhutu)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsThreatened – Nationally CriticalNative
Nertera depressa
(nertera, bead plant, fruiting duckweed)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Nertera villosa
(hairy forest nertera)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Notogrammitis billardierei
(common strap fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Notogrammitis heterophylla
(taupeka, comb fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Olearia ilicifolia
(mountain holly)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Olearia virgata
(twiggy tree daisy)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Ozothamnus leptophyllus
(tauhinu)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Parablechnum montanum
(mountain kiokio, Dunedin-Cass blechnum)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Parablechnum novae-zelandiae
(kiokio, horokio, palm leaf fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Parablechnum procerum
(small kiokio)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Parsonsia heterophylla
(New Zealand jasmine)
Lianes & Related Trailing Plants - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Pectinopitys ferruginea
(miro, brown pine)
Trees & Shrubs - GymnospermsNot ThreatenedNative
Pennantia corymbosa
(kaikōmako)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Phlegmariurus varius
(clubmoss)
Lycophytes (clubmosses, selaginella, quillworts)Not ThreatenedNative
Pittosporum colensoiTrees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Pittosporum eugenioides
(tarata, lemonwood)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Plagianthus regius subsp. regius
(mānatu, ribbonwood, lowland ribbonwood)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Plantago major
(broad-leaved plantain)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Poa annua
(annual poa)
GrassesExotic
Poa palustrisGrassesExotic
Podocarpus laetus
(mountain tōtara, Hall's tōtara, thin-barked tōtara, tōtara-kiri-kōtukutuku)
Trees & Shrubs - GymnospermsNot ThreatenedNative
Polyphlebium venosum
(veined bristle fern, veined filmy fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Polystichum vestitum
(punui, prickly shield fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Prumnopitys taxifolia
(mataī, black pine)
Trees & Shrubs - GymnospermsNot ThreatenedNative
Prunella vulgaris
(self-heal)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsExotic
Pseudopanax colensoi var. colensoi
(mountain fivefinger, three finger)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Pseudopanax crassifolius
(horoeka, lancewood)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Pseudowintera colorata
(red horopito, mountain horopito, alpine peppertree)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Pteridium esculentum
(bracken, rarauhe, bracken fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Pterophylla racemosa
(kāmahi, tawheo, tawhero, tawherowhero)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Pyrrosia elaeagnifolia
(leather-leaf fern, pyrrosia)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Ranunculus acris subsp. acris
(giant buttercup)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Ranunculus repens
(buttercup)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Raukaua anomalusTrees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Raukaua simplex
(haumakoroa)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Ripogonum scandens
(supplejack, kareao, pirita)
Lianes - MonocotsNot ThreatenedNative
Rubus cissoides
(tātarāmoa, bush lawyer)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Rubus fruticosus agg.
(blackberry)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsExotic
Rumohra adiantiformis
(leathery shield fern, florists fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Sagina procumbens
(procumbent pearlwort)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Salix fragilis × S. euxina
(crack willow)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsExotic
Schefflera digitata
(patatē, patē, seven-finger)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Senecio minimus
(fireweed)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesNot ThreatenedNative
Solanum nigrum
(black nightshade)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Sophora microphylla
(kōwhai, weeping kōwhai, small-leaved kōwhai)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Stellaria alsine
(bog stitchwort)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Stellaria media subsp. media
(chickweed)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Stellaria parviflora
(New Zealand chickweed)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Tmesipteris elongata
(fork fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Tmesipteris tannensis
(fork fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Trifolium repens
(white clover)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Urtica sykesii
(native nettle, bush nettle)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Veronica salicifolia
(koromiko)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Viola cunninghamii
(mountain violet, white violet)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Zealandia pustulata subsp. pustulata
(hound's tongue, kōwaowao, pāraharaha)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative