Fagus menziesii Hook. f., Nothofagus menziesii (Hook.f.) Oerst.
Vascular – Native
Trees & Shrubs - Dicotyledons
The National Vegetation Survey (NVS) Databank is a physical archive and electronic databank containing records of over 94,000 vegetation survey plots - including data from over 19,000 permanent plots. NVS maintains a standard set of species code abbreviations that correspond to standard scientific plant names from the Ngä Tipu o Aotearoa - New Zealand Plants database.
2n = 26
Current conservation status
The conservation status of all known New Zealand vascular plant taxa at the rank of species and below were reassessed in 2017 using the New Zealand Threat Classification System (NZTCS). This report includes a statistical summary and brief notes on changes since 2012 and replaces all previous NZTCS lists for vascular plants. Authors: By Peter J. de Lange, Jeremy R. Rolfe, John W. Barkla, Shannel P. Courtney, Paul D. Champion, Leon R. Perrie, Sarah M. Beadel, Kerry A. Ford, Ilse Breitwieser, Ines Schönberger, Rowan Hindmarsh-Walls, Peter B. Heenan and Kate Ladley.
2012 | Not Threatened
Previous conservation statuses
2009 | Not Threatened
2004 | Not Threatened
Very common forest canopy tree with silvery bark and bearing rough-edged small leathery leaves arranged along the twig. Leaves almost as wide as long, 6-15mm long, with uneven blunt teeth on margin and with small hairy pits at the junction of the veins. Flowers and fruits inconspicuous, but colour tree.
North and South Islands - from latitude 37° southwards, except Mount Egmont.
Lowland to montane forest or as shrub in subalpine scrub
Tree up to 30 metres tall; trunk up to 2 metres diameter, often buttressed; branchlet-pubescence fulvous. Leaves thick, coriaceous, rigid; 6-15 × 5-15 mm., on petioles 2-3 mm. long; lamina glabrous except on veins below, broad-to deltoid-ovate to suborbicular, doubly crenate, cuneate at base; venation rather obscure; fringed domatia 1-2 in basal vein-axils. Staminate inflorescences 1-4 per branchlet; peduncles 2-3 mm. long, sparsely pubescent, with 1 terminal flower. Perianth 5-6 mm. diameter, of 2 unequal lobes, each again 2-3-partite. Stamens 30-36; anthers 2-3 mm. long, red above, greenish below, or straw coloured. Pistillate inflorescences 1-4 per branchlet, 3-(2)-flowered, on short densely pubescent peduncles. Lateral flowers trimerous, terminal dimerous or aborted; stigmas ligulate. Cupule 6-7 mm. long, 4-segmented, with 4-5 rows of gland-tipped processes, subtended by 2 foliaceous bracts. Nuts puberulous, 5 mm. long; lateral triquetrous, 3-winged; terminal flat, 2-winged; wings produced above, gland-tipped.
November - January
January - March
Description adapted by M. Ward from Allan (1961).
References and further reading
Allan, H. H. 1961: Flora of New Zealand. Vol. 1. Wellington: Government Printer. pg. 398.
Anonymous. 1957. Construction of key for the genus Nothofagus. Auckland Botanical Society Journal, 14: 2-3.
Heenan, P.B.; Smissen, R.D. 2013: Revised circumscription of Nothofagus and recognition of the segregate genera Fucospora, Lophozonia, and Trisyngyne (Nothofagaceae). Phytotaxa 146: 1-31. http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/phytotaxa.146.1.1