This plant list has been compiled by the stated observer(s) and been provided to NZPCN for public use in good faith. NZPCN cannot guarantee that data contained in these lists are up to date or accurate. Most species lists are not corroborated with herbarium specimens. Note, species lists are not typically an exhaustive presence/absence survey of an area and often may focus on a single habitat or only contain species visible at a particular time of year (for example, spring annual herbs may go unobserved during much of the year). These lists should not be solely relied on for the purpose of assessing environmental effects or for preparing restoration plans - for this work a site visit is critical.

Site name: Big Bay (519B)

Source/Observer: BD Rance

Number of observations: 182

District: Southland District

SpeciesStructural classConservation statusNative/Exotic
Acaena anserinifolia
(bidibid, hutiwai, piripiri)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Agrostis capillaris
(browntop)
GrassesExotic
Agrostis stolonifera
(creeping bent)
GrassesExotic
Aira caryophyllea subsp. caryophyllea
(silvery hair grass)
GrassesExotic
Alsophila smithii
(kātote, Smith's tree fern, soft tree fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Anaphalioides bellidioides
(Hell's bells)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesNot ThreatenedNative
Anisotome lyallii
(Lyall's carrot)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesAt Risk – RelictNative
Anthoxanthum odoratum
(sweet vernal)
GrassesExotic
Apodasmia similis
(jointed wire rush, oioi)
Rushes & Allied PlantsNot ThreatenedNative
Aristotelia serrata
(makomako, wineberry)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Ascarina lucida var. lucida
(Hutu)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Asplenium bulbiferum
(hen and chicken fern, pikopiko, mother spleenwort)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Asplenium flaccidum
(drooping spleenwort, hanging spleenwort)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Asplenium obtusatum
(shore spleenwort)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Astelia fragrans
(bush flax, bush lily, kakaha)
Herbs - MonocotsNot ThreatenedNative
Austroblechnum banksii
(shore hard fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Austroblechnum colensoi
(Colenso's hard fern, peretao, petako)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Austroblechnum lanceolatum
(lance fern, nini, rereti)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Austroderia richardii
(toetoe)
GrassesNot ThreatenedNative
Botrychium biforme
(fine-leaved parsley fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Brachyglottis rotundifolia var. rotundifolia
(mutton-bird scrub)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Calamagrostis arenaria (L.) Roth
(marram grass)
GrassesExotic
Callitriche stagnalis
(water starwort)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Calystegia soldanella
(shore bindweed, shore convolvulus, rauparaha)
Lianes & Related Trailing Plants - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Calystegia tuguriorum
(climbing convolvulus, NZ bindweed)
Lianes & Related Trailing Plants - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Carex comans
(sedge)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Carex coriacea
(cutty grass, rautahi)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Carex dissita
(forest sedge)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Carex gaudichaudiana
(Gaudichaud's sedge)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Carex pumila
(sand sedge)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Carex secta
(purei, pukio)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Carmichaelia arborea
(South Island broom, tree broom, swamp broom)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Carpodetus serratus
(marbleleaf, putaputawētā, piripiriwhata)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Centella uniflora
(centella)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Cerastium fontanum subsp. vulgareHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Chionochloa conspicua subsp. conspicua
(hunangamoho, broad-leaved bush tussock)
GrassesNot ThreatenedNative
Cirsium arvense
(Californian thistle)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesExotic
Clematis paniculata
(white clematis, puawananga)
Lianes & Related Trailing Plants - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Colobanthus muelleriHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Coprosma acerosa
(sand coprosma, tātaraheke)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsAt Risk – DecliningNative
Coprosma foetidissima
(hūpiro, stinkwood, shit shrub)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Coprosma lucida
(karamū, shining karamū)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Coprosma propinqua var. propinqua
(mingimingi)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Coprosma rhamnoidesTrees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Coprosma rotundifoliaTrees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Coprosma rugosaTrees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Cordyline australis
(cabbage tree, tī, tī kōuka, palm lily)
Trees & Shrubs - MonocotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Coriaria arborea var. arborea
(tutu, tree tutu)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Coriaria sarmentosaTrees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Corybas orbiculatus
(spider orchid)
OrchidsNot ThreatenedNative
Cranfillia deltoides
(korokio, mountain hard fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Cranfillia fluviatilis
(kiwikiwi, kiwakiwa, creek fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Cyperus ustulatus
(coastal cutty grass, giant umbrella sedge, cyperus)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Dacrycarpus dacrydioides
(kahikatea, white pine)
Trees & Shrubs - GymnospermsNot ThreatenedNative
Dacrydium cupressinum
(rimu, red pine)
Trees & Shrubs - GymnospermsNot ThreatenedNative
Dactylis glomerata
(cocksfoot)
GrassesExotic
Dendrobium cunninghamii
(winika, pekapeka, Christmas orchid, bamboo orchid)
OrchidsNot ThreatenedNative
Dicksonia squarrosa
(wheki, rough tree fern, harsh tree fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Diphasium scariosum
(creeping clubmoss)
Lycophytes (clubmosses, selaginella, quillworts)Not ThreatenedNative
Dracophyllum longifolium var. longifolium
(inanga, inaka)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Earina autumnalis
(Easter orchid, raupeka)
OrchidsNot ThreatenedNative
Earina mucronata
(bamboo orchid, peka-a-waka, spring earina)
OrchidsNot ThreatenedNative
Eleocharis acuta
(sharp spike sedge)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Epilobium brunnescens subsp. minutiflorum
(creeping willowherb)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Epilobium pedunculare
(willowherb)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Euchiton limosusHerbs - Dicotyledonous compositesNot ThreatenedNative
Euchiton ruahinicusHerbs - Dicotyledonous compositesNot ThreatenedNative
Festuca rubra subsp. rubra
(red fescue)
GrassesExotic
Ficinia nodosa
(wiwi, knobby club rush, ethel sedge)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Ficinia spiralis
(pīngao, golden sand sedge, pikao)
SedgesAt Risk – DecliningNative
Freycinetia banksii
(kiekie)
Lianes - MonocotsNot ThreatenedNative
Fuchsia excorticata
(kōtukutuku, tree fuchsia)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Galium palustre subsp. palustre
(marsh bedstraw)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Gaultheria antipoda
(bush snowberry, fool's beech)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Geranium sessiliflorum var. arenarium
(short-flowered cranesbill)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesAt Risk – DecliningNative
Gonocarpus aggregatusHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Griselinia littoralis
(broadleaf, kāpuka, papauma)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Griselinia lucida
(puka, akapuka)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Gunnera dentataHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Gunnera monoica
(Native gunnera)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Haloragis erecta subsp. erecta
(toatoa, fire weed, shrubby haloragis)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Hedycarya arborea
(porokaiwhiri, pigeonwood)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Histiopteris incisa
(histiopteris, water fern, mātātā, bat's wing fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Holcus lanatus
(Yorkshire fog)
GrassesExotic
Hydrocotyle novae-zeelandiae var. montanaHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Hymenophyllum bivalve
(filmy fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Hymenophyllum demissum
(drooping filmy fern, Irirangi, piripiri)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Hymenophyllum dilatatum
(filmy fern, matua mauku)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Hymenophyllum flabellatum
(filmy fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Hymenophyllum frankliniae
(rusty filmy fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Hymenophyllum pulcherrimum
(tufted filmy fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Hymenophyllum sanguinolentum
(filmy fern, piripiri)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Hymenophyllum scabrum
(rough filmy fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Hypericum androsaemum
(tutsan)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Hypochaeris radicata
(catsear)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesExotic
Hypolepis rufobarbataFernsNot ThreatenedNative
Ileostylus micranthus
(Green mistletoe, pirita)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Jacobaea vulgaris
(ragwort)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesExotic
Juncus articulatus
(jointed rush)
Rushes & Allied PlantsExotic
Juncus edgariae
(wiwi, Edgar's rush)
Rushes & Allied PlantsNot ThreatenedNative
Juncus effusus var. effusus
(soft rush)
Rushes & Allied PlantsExotic
Lachnagrostis lyallii
(mountain wind grass)
GrassesNot ThreatenedNative
Lagenophora petiolata
(papataniwhaniwha)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesNot ThreatenedNative
Lagenophora pumila
(papataniwhaniwha)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesNot ThreatenedNative
Lastreopsis hispida
(hairy fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Lepidosperma australe
(square sedge, square-stemmed sedge)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Leptinella squalida subsp. medianaHerbs - Dicotyledonous compositesNot ThreatenedNative
Leptopteris superba
(heruheru, crêpe fern, Prince of Wales feathers)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Leptospermum scoparium var. scoparium
(mānuka, kahikātoa)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsAt Risk – DecliningNative
Leucanthemum vulgare
(oxeye daisy)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesExotic
Libertia ixioides
(mikoikoi, NZ iris)
Herbs - MonocotsNot ThreatenedNative
Libertia peregrinans
(New Zealand iris, mikoikoi)
Herbs - MonocotsThreatened – Nationally VulnerableNative
Lilaeopsis novae-zelandiaeHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Lindsaea trichomanoidesFernsNot ThreatenedNative
Lobelia anceps
(New Zealand lobelia, shore lobelia)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Lobelia angulata
(pratia)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Lolium arundinaceum subsp. arundinaceum
(tall fescue)
GrassesExotic
Lolium perenne
(perennial rye grass)
GrassesExotic
Lomaria discolor
(crown fern, petipeti, piupiu)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Lotus pedunculatus
(lotus)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Matricaria discoidea
(rayless chamomile)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesExotic
Melicytus ramiflorus subsp. ramiflorus
(māhoe, hinahina, whitey wood)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Mentha spicata subsp. spicata
(mint)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Metrosideros diffusa
(white rātā)
Lianes & Related Trailing Plants - DicotyledonsThreatened – Nationally VulnerableNative
Metrosideros fulgens
(climbing rātā)
Lianes & Related Trailing Plants - DicotyledonsThreatened – Nationally VulnerableNative
Metrosideros perforata
(akatea)
Lianes & Related Trailing Plants - DicotyledonsThreatened – Nationally VulnerableNative
Metrosideros umbellata
(southern rātā)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsThreatened – Nationally VulnerableNative
Microlaena avenacea
(bush rice grass, oat grass)
GrassesNot ThreatenedNative
Muehlenbeckia axillaris
(creeping pōhuehue, creeping muehlenbeckia)
Lianes & Related Trailing Plants - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Myrsine divaricata
(weeping matipo, weeping mapou)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Nasturtium microphyllum
(one-rowed watercress)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Neomyrtus pedunculata
(rōhutu)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsThreatened – Nationally CriticalNative
Nertera depressa
(nertera, bead plant, fruiting duckweed)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Nertera dichondrifoliaHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Notogrammitis billardierei
(common strap fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Notogrammitis heterophylla
(taupeka, comb fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Olearia avicenniifolia
(mountain akeake)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Olearia ilicifolia
(mountain holly)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Oxybasis ambiguaHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesAt Risk – DecliningNative
Paesia scaberula
(lace fern, ring fern, scented fern, pig fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Pakau pennigera
(gully fern, feather fern, piupiu)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Parablechnum novae-zelandiae
(kiokio, horokio, palm leaf fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Parablechnum procerum
(small kiokio)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Parsonsia heterophylla
(New Zealand jasmine)
Lianes & Related Trailing Plants - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Pectinopitys ferruginea
(miro, brown pine)
Trees & Shrubs - GymnospermsNot ThreatenedNative
Pennantia corymbosa
(kaikōmako)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Phlegmariurus varius
(clubmoss)
Lycophytes (clubmosses, selaginella, quillworts)Not ThreatenedNative
Phormium tenax
(flax, harakeke, kōrari (Māori name for inflorescence).)
Herbs - MonocotsNot ThreatenedNative
Phyllocladus alpinus
(mountain celery pine, mountain toatoa)
Trees & Shrubs - GymnospermsNot ThreatenedNative
Pimelea prostrata subsp. prostrata
(pinātoro, New Zealand daphne, Strathmore weed)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Pittosporum tenuifolium
(kohukohu, kōhūhū, black matipo)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Plantago australis
(swamp plantain)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Plantago lanceolata
(narrow-leaved plantain)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Plantago major
(broad-leaved plantain)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Poa annua
(annual poa)
GrassesExotic
Poa billardierei
(sand tussock, hinarepe)
GrassesAt Risk – DecliningNative
Poa cita
(silver tussock)
GrassesNot ThreatenedNative
Poa pusillaGrassesNot ThreatenedNative
Podocarpus laetus
(mountain tōtara, Hall's tōtara, thin-barked tōtara, tōtara-kiri-kōtukutuku)
Trees & Shrubs - GymnospermsNot ThreatenedNative
Polystichum vestitum
(punui, prickly shield fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Prumnopitys taxifolia
(mataī, black pine)
Trees & Shrubs - GymnospermsNot ThreatenedNative
Prunella vulgaris
(self-heal)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsExotic
Pseudodiphasium volubile
(climbing clubmoss, waewaekoukou)
Lycophytes (clubmosses, selaginella, quillworts)Not ThreatenedNative
Pseudopanax colensoi var. ternatusTrees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Pseudopanax crassifolius
(horoeka, lancewood)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Pseudowintera colorata
(red horopito, mountain horopito, alpine peppertree)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Pteridium esculentum
(bracken, rarauhe, bracken fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Pterostylis banksii
(tutukiwi, greenhood)
OrchidsNot ThreatenedNative
Pyrrosia elaeagnifolia
(leather-leaf fern, pyrrosia)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Rytidosperma setifolium
(bristle tussock, mountain danthonia)
GrassesNot ThreatenedNative
Sagina procumbens
(procumbent pearlwort)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Samolus repens var. repens
(Sea primrose, shore pimpernel, water pimpernel)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Schoenus concinnusSedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Selliera radicans
(selliera, remuremu, half-star)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Sonchus oleraceus
(sow thistle, sowthistle)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesExotic
Styphelia nesophila
(pātōtara, dwarf mingimingi)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Trifolium dubium
(suckling clover)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Trifolium repens
(white clover)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Ulex europaeus
(gorse)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsExotic
Veronica elliptica
(kōkōmuka, shore hebe, shore koromiko)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Veronica salicifolia
(koromiko)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Zealandia pustulata subsp. pustulata
(hound's tongue, kōwaowao, pāraharaha)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative