This plant list has been compiled by the stated observer(s) and been provided to NZPCN for public use in good faith. NZPCN cannot guarantee that data contained in these lists are up to date or accurate. Most species lists are not corroborated with herbarium specimens. Note, species lists are not typically an exhaustive presence/absence survey of an area and often may focus on a single habitat or only contain species visible at a particular time of year (for example, spring annual herbs may go unobserved during much of the year). These lists should not be solely relied on for the purpose of assessing environmental effects or for preparing restoration plans - for this work a site visit is critical.

Site name: Kawarau Gorge (J139)

List name: NZJ Bot 29: 295-310

Source/Observer: NZJ Bot 29: 295-310 TR Partridge RB Allan et al

Number of observations: 356

District: Queenstown Lakes District

Date: 01/09/1983

SpeciesStructural classConservation statusNative/Exotic
Abrodictyum strictum
(erect bristle fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Acaena anserinifolia
(bidibid, hutiwai, piripiri)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Acaena buchananii
(bidibid, piripiri)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesAt Risk – DecliningNative
Acaena caesiiglauca
(glaucus bidibid, piripiri)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Acaena inermis
(blue mountain bidibid, spineless bidibid)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Acaena juvenca
(bidibid, piripiri)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Acaena novae-zelandiae
(red bidibid)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Acaena saccaticupula
(bidibid, piripiri)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Acer pseudoplatanus
(sycamore)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsExotic
Achillea millefolium
(yarrow)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesExotic
Achnatherum petrieiGrassesAt Risk – DecliningNative
Aciphylla aurea
(golden spaniard, golden speargrass)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Acrothamnus colensoiTrees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Agrostis capillaris
(browntop)
GrassesExotic
Agrostis stolonifera
(creeping bent)
GrassesExotic
Aira caryophyllea subsp. caryophyllea
(silvery hair grass)
GrassesExotic
Aira praecox
(early hair grass)
GrassesExotic
Amsinckia calycina
(yellow groomwell)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Anaphalioides bellidioides
(Hell's bells)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesNot ThreatenedNative
Anisotome aromatica
(aromatic aniseed, kopoti, common aniseed)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Anisotome cauticolaHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesAt Risk – DecliningNative
Anthosachne scabra
(blue wheat grass)
GrassesExotic
Anthoxanthum odoratum
(sweet vernal)
GrassesExotic
Anthriscus caucalis
(beaked parsley, bur parsley)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Aphanes arvensis
(parsley piert)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Arctium minus subsp. minus
(burdock)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesExotic
Arenaria serpyllifolia
(Sandwort)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Aristotelia fruticosa
(mountain wineberry)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Arthropodium candidumHerbs - MonocotsNot ThreatenedNative
Asparagus officinalis
(asparagus)
Herbs - MonocotsExotic
Asperula perpusilla
(Dwarf bedstraw)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Asplenium bulbiferum
(hen and chicken fern, pikopiko, mother spleenwort)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Asplenium flabellifolium
(butterfly fern, walking fern, necklace fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Asplenium richardii
(Richard's spleenwort)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Asplenium subglandulosum
(blanket fern)
FernsAt Risk – Naturally UncommonNative
Asplenium trichomanes
(spleenwort)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Austroblechnum penna-marina subsp. alpina
(little hard fern, alpine hard fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Austroderia richardii
(toetoe)
GrassesNot ThreatenedNative
Bellardia viscosa
(tarweed)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Blitum bonus-henricus
(Good King Henry)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Brachyglottis bellidioides var. bellidioidesHerbs - Dicotyledonous compositesNot ThreatenedNative
Bromus diandrus
(ripgut brome)
GrassesExotic
Bromus hordeaceus
(soft brome)
GrassesExotic
Bromus sterilis
(barren brome)
GrassesExotic
Bromus tectorum
(cheatgrass)
GrassesExotic
Bromus willdenowii
(prairie grass)
GrassesExotic
Buddleja davidii
(buddleia)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsExotic
Bulbinella angustifoliaHerbs - MonocotsNot ThreatenedNative
Calamagrostis arenaria (L.) Roth
(marram grass)
GrassesExotic
Calystegia silvatica subsp. disjuncta
(great bindweed)
Lianes & Related Trailing Plants - DicotyledonsExotic
Calystegia tuguriorum
(climbing convolvulus, NZ bindweed)
Lianes & Related Trailing Plants - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Capsella bursa-pastoris
(shepherd's purse)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Carduus tenuiflorus
(winged thistle)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesExotic
Carex breviculmis
(grassland sedge)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Carex buchananii
(Buchanan's sedge, cutty grass)
SedgesAt Risk – DecliningNative
Carex colensoi
(Colenso's sedge)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Carex coriacea
(cutty grass, rautahi)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Carex flagellifera
(Glen Murray tussock, trip me up)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Carex gaudichaudiana
(Gaudichaud's sedge)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Carex raoulii
(coastal forest sedge, Raoul's sedge)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Carex talbotii
(Berggren's sedge, Talbot's sedge)
SedgesAt Risk – DecliningNative
Carex wakatipu
(sedge)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Carmichaelia compacta
(Cromwell broom)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsAt Risk – Naturally UncommonNative
Carmichaelia petriei
(desert broom)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsAt Risk – DecliningNative
Celmisia gracilenta
(common mountain daisy, pekapeka)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesNot ThreatenedNative
Centaurium erythraea
(centaury)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Centranthus ruber subsp. ruber
(red valerian, spur valerian)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Cerastium fontanum subsp. vulgareHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Cerastium glomeratum
(annual mouse-ear chickweed)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Cheilanthes sieberi subsp. sieberi
(rock fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Chenopodium album
(fathen)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Chenopodium allaniiHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesAt Risk – Naturally UncommonNative
Chionochloa rigida subsp. rigida
(narrow-leaved snow tussock)
GrassesNot ThreatenedNative
Cirsium arvense
(Californian thistle)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesExotic
Cirsium vulgare
(Scotch thistle)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesExotic
Clematis quadribracteolata
(clematis)
Lianes & Related Trailing Plants - DicotyledonsAt Risk – Naturally UncommonNative
Colobanthus brevisepalus
(pin cushion)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesAt Risk – DecliningNative
Colobanthus buchananii
(Pin cushion)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Colobanthus strictusHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Conium maculatum
(hemlock)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Convolvulus fractosaxosus
(shingle convolvulus)
Lianes & Related Trailing Plants - DicotyledonsAt Risk – Naturally UncommonNative
Convolvulus verecundus f. verecundus
(trailing bindweed, tussock bindweed)
Lianes & Related Trailing Plants - DicotyledonsThreatened – Nationally VulnerableNative
Coprosma perpusilla subsp. perpusillaTrees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Coprosma petriei
(Turfy coprosma)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Coprosma propinqua var. propinqua
(mingimingi)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Coprosma rigidaTrees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Coprosma rugosaTrees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Coprosma virescensTrees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsAt Risk – DecliningNative
Coriaria sarmentosaTrees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Corokia cotoneaster
(korokio, wire-nettting bush)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Corybas macranthus
(silver-back spider orchid)
OrchidsNot ThreatenedNative
Cranfillia deltoides
(korokio, mountain hard fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Crassula sieberianaHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Crassula sinclairii
(Sinclair's stonecrop)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Crataegus monogyna
(hawthorn)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsExotic
Crepis capillaris
(hawksbeard)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesExotic
Cynosurus cristatus
(crested dogstail)
GrassesExotic
Cynosurus echinatus
(rough dogstail)
GrassesExotic
Cystopteris tasmanica
(bladder fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Cytisus scoparius
(wild broom)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsExotic
Dactylis glomerata
(cocksfoot)
GrassesExotic
Dichondra repens
(Mercury Bay weed, dichondra)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Digitalis purpurea
(foxglove)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Diphasium scariosum
(creeping clubmoss)
Lycophytes (clubmosses, selaginella, quillworts)Not ThreatenedNative
Discaria toumatou
(matagouri, tūmatakuru)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsAt Risk – DecliningNative
Dolichoglottis lyallii
(yellow snow marguerite)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesNot ThreatenedNative
Draba verna
(whitlow grass)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Echinopogon ovatus
(forest hedgehog grass, hedgehog grass)
GrassesNot ThreatenedNative
Echium vulgare
(viper's bugloss)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Eleocharis acuta
(sharp spike sedge)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Epilobium atriplicifolium
(willowherb)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Epilobium brunnescens subsp. brunnescens
(creeping willowherb)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Epilobium ciliatum
(willowherb)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Epilobium cinereum
(willowherb)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Epilobium hectorii
(willowherb)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Epilobium komarovianum
(creeping willowherb)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Epilobium nerteroides
(willowherb)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Epilobium pedunculare
(willowherb)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Epilobium pernitens
(willowherb)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Epilobium pictum
(grassland willow herb)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesThreatened – Nationally CriticalNative
Epilobium pubens
(willowherb)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Epilobium rotundifolium
(round-leaved willowherb)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Epilobium tenuipes
(willowherb)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Erigeron bilbaoanus
(fleabane)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesExotic
Erodium cicutarium
(storksbill)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Erythranthe moschata
(musk)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Eschscholzia californica
(Californian poppy)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Eucalyptus globulus subsp. globulus
(blue gum)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsExotic
Euchiton paludosusHerbs - Dicotyledonous compositesData DeficientNative
Euchiton ruahinicusHerbs - Dicotyledonous compositesNot ThreatenedNative
Euchiton traversiiHerbs - Dicotyledonous compositesNot ThreatenedNative
Euphorbia lathyrus
(caper spurge)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Euphorbia peplus
(milkweed)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Festuca bromoides
(vulpia hair grass, brome fescue, squirrel-tailed fescue)
GrassesExotic
Festuca matthewsii subsp. matthewsii
(Matthews's fescue, blue fescue)
GrassesNot ThreatenedNative
Festuca myuros
(vulpia hair grass, rat's tail fescue)
GrassesExotic
Festuca novae-zelandiae
(fescue tussock, hard tussock)
GrassesNot ThreatenedNative
Festuca rubra subsp. rubra
(red fescue)
GrassesExotic
Fumaria muralis subsp. muralis
(scrambling fumitory)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Fumaria officinalis
(Fumitory)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Galium aparine
(cleavers)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Galium muraleHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Galium trilobum
(native bedstraw)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Gaultheria antipoda
(bush snowberry, fool's beech)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Gaultheria depressa var. depressaTrees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsData DeficientNative
Gaultheria parvulaTrees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Genista monspessulana
(Montpellier broom)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsExotic
Geranium microphyllumHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesAt Risk – Naturally UncommonNative
Geranium molle
(dove's foot cranesbill)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Gingidia decipiensHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Gingidia montana
(mountain aniseed, New Zealand aniseed)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Gonocarpus aggregatusHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Gypsophila australis
(Clammy gypsophila)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Helichrysum filicaule
(creeping everlasting daisy, slender everlasting daisy)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesNot ThreatenedNative
Helichrysum simpsoniiTrees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Hieracium lepidulum
(tussock hawkweed)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesExotic
Histiopteris incisa
(histiopteris, water fern, mātātā, bat's wing fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Hoheria glabrata
(mountain lacebark)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Holcus lanatus
(Yorkshire fog)
GrassesExotic
Hordeum murinum subsp. murinum
(barley grass)
GrassesExotic
Huperzia australianaLycophytes (clubmosses, selaginella, quillworts)Not ThreatenedNative
Hydrocotyle microphyllaHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Hydrocotyle novae-zeelandiae var. montanaHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Hyoscyamus niger
(Henbane)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Hypericum perforatum
(St John's wort)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Hypochaeris glabra
(smooth catsear)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesExotic
Hypochaeris radicata
(catsear)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesExotic
Hypolepis millefolium
(thousand leaved fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Iberis amara
(Hyacinth-flowered candytuft)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Isolepis aucklandicaSedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Isolepis habraSedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Jacobaea vulgaris
(ragwort)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesExotic
Juncus articulatus
(jointed rush)
Rushes & Allied PlantsExotic
Juncus bufonius var. bufonius
(toad rush)
Rushes & Allied PlantsExotic
Juncus distegusRushes & Allied PlantsAt Risk – Naturally UncommonNative
Juncus edgariae
(wiwi, Edgar's rush)
Rushes & Allied PlantsNot ThreatenedNative
Juncus effusus var. effusus
(soft rush)
Rushes & Allied PlantsExotic
Juncus pusillus
(dwarf rush)
Rushes & Allied PlantsAt Risk – Naturally UncommonNative
Juncus sarophorus
(broom rush, fan-flowered rush)
Rushes & Allied PlantsNot ThreatenedNative
Koeleria cheesemaniiGrassesNot ThreatenedNative
Lachnagrostis littoralis subsp. littoralis
(coastal wind grass)
GrassesNot ThreatenedNative
Lactuca serriola
(prickly lettuce)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesExotic
Lagenophora petiolata
(papataniwhaniwha)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesNot ThreatenedNative
Larix decidua
(European larch)
Trees & Shrubs - GymnospermsExotic
Lepidium sisymbrioides
(Kawarau cress)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesThreatened – Nationally CriticalNative
Leptinella pectinata subsp. villosaHerbs - Dicotyledonous compositesNot ThreatenedNative
Leptinella pusillaHerbs - Dicotyledonous compositesAt Risk – DecliningNative
Leptospermum scoparium var. scoparium
(mānuka, kahikātoa)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsAt Risk – DecliningNative
Leucanthemum vulgare
(oxeye daisy)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesExotic
Ligustrum vulgare
(common privet)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsExotic
Linaria purpurea
(purple linaria)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Linum catharticum
(purging flax)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Lolium arundinaceum subsp. arundinaceum
(tall fescue)
GrassesExotic
Lolium perenne
(perennial rye grass)
GrassesExotic
Lomaria discolor
(crown fern, petipeti, piupiu)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Lophozonia menziesii
(silver beech)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Lotus pedunculatus
(lotus)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Lupinus arboreus
(tree lupin)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsExotic
Lupinus polyphyllus
(Russell lupin)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Luzula banksiana var. rhadina
(coastal woodrush)
Rushes & Allied PlantsNot ThreatenedNative
Luzula picta var. pictaRushes & Allied PlantsNot ThreatenedNative
Luzula rufa var. rufa
(red woodrush)
Rushes & Allied PlantsNot ThreatenedNative
Luzula ulophyllaRushes & Allied PlantsAt Risk – DecliningNative
Lycium barbarum
(Chinese boxthorn)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsExotic
Lysimachia arvensis subsp. arvensis var. arvensis
(pimpernel)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Malus ×domestica
(apple)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsExotic
Malva neglecta
(dwarf mallow)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Marrubium vulgare
(horehound)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Matricaria discoidea
(rayless chamomile)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesExotic
Mazus radicansHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Medicago arabica
(spotted bur medick)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Medicago lupulina
(black medick)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Medicago sativa
(lucerne)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Melicytus alpinus
(porcupine shrub)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Melilotus albus
(sweet clover)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Melilotus officinalis
(yellow sweet clover)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Mentha cunninghamii
(New Zealand mint, hīoi)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesAt Risk – DecliningNative
Mentha spicata subsp. spicata
(mint)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Microtis unifolia
(onion-leaved orchid, microtis)
OrchidsNot ThreatenedNative
Minuartia hybrida
(Fine-leaved sandwort)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Muehlenbeckia australis
(pōhuehue, large-leaved muehlenbeckia)
Lianes & Related Trailing Plants - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Muehlenbeckia complexa var. complexa
(small-leaved pōhuehue, scrub pōhuehue, wire vine)
Lianes & Related Trailing Plants - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Myosotis arvensis
(field forget-me-not)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Myosotis discolor
(grassland forget-me-not)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Myosotis goyenii subsp. goyeniiHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesAt Risk – Naturally UncommonNative
Myosotis laxa subsp. caespitosa
(water forget-me-not)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Myrsine nummularia
(creeping matipo, creeping mapou)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Nasturtium microphyllum
(one-rowed watercress)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Navarretia squarrosa
(Californian stinkweed)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Nepeta cataria
(catnip)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Nertera balfourianaHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Nicotiana rustica
(wild tobacco)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsExotic
Oenothera glazioviana
(evening primrose)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Olearia avicenniifolia
(mountain akeake)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Olearia bullataTrees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Olearia lineataTrees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsAt Risk – DecliningNative
Olearia nummulariifoliaTrees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Olearia odorata
(scented tree daisy)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Onopordum acanthium
(cotton thistle)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesExotic
Ophioglossum coriaceum
(adder's tongue)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Origanum vulgare
(wild marjoram)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Orobanche minor
(broomrape)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Oxalis exilis
(creeping oxalis, yellow oxalis)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Oxalis magellanica
(white oxalis)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Pachycladon cheesemanii
(dryland cress)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesThreatened – Nationally EndangeredNative
Papaver dubium
(long-headed poppy)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Parsonsia capsularis var. capsularis
(New Zealand jasmine, small flowered jasmine)
Lianes & Related Trailing Plants - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Pastinaca sativa
(wild parsnip)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Pentapogon crinitus
(long-hair plume grass)
GrassesNot ThreatenedNative
Phormium tenax
(flax, harakeke, kōrari (Māori name for inflorescence).)
Herbs - MonocotsNot ThreatenedNative
Phyllocladus alpinus
(mountain celery pine, mountain toatoa)
Trees & Shrubs - GymnospermsNot ThreatenedNative
Pilosella officinarum
(hawkweed, mouse-ear hawkweed)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesExotic
Pimelea prostrata subsp. prostrata
(pinātoro, New Zealand daphne, Strathmore weed)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Pinus radiata
(Monterey pine, radiata pine)
Trees & Shrubs - GymnospermsExotic
Plantago lanceolata
(narrow-leaved plantain)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Plantago major
(broad-leaved plantain)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Plantago triandra
(Glossy plantain, starweed)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Poa annua
(annual poa)
GrassesExotic
Poa cita
(silver tussock)
GrassesNot ThreatenedNative
Poa colensoi
(blue tussock)
GrassesNot ThreatenedNative
Poa compressaGrassesExotic
Poa imbecilla
(weak poa)
GrassesNot ThreatenedNative
Poa incrassataGrassesAt Risk – Naturally UncommonNative
Poa lindsayi
(Lindsay's poa)
GrassesNot ThreatenedNative
Poa maniototo
(desert poa)
GrassesNot ThreatenedNative
Poa pratensis
(Kentucky bluegrass)
GrassesExotic
Podocarpus laetus
(mountain tōtara, Hall's tōtara, thin-barked tōtara, tōtara-kiri-kōtukutuku)
Trees & Shrubs - GymnospermsNot ThreatenedNative
Polycarpon tetraphyllum
(allseed)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Polystichum neozelandicum subsp. zerophyllum
(shield fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Polystichum vestitum
(punui, prickly shield fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Prunella vulgaris
(self-heal)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsExotic
Prunus avium
(sweet cherry)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsExotic
Pseudotsuga menziesii
(Douglas fir, Oregon pine)
Trees & Shrubs - GymnospermsExotic
Pteridium esculentum
(bracken, rarauhe, bracken fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Ranunculus acris subsp. acris
(giant buttercup)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Ranunculus foliosus
(grassland buttercup)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Ranunculus parviflorus
(small-flowered buttercup)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Ranunculus reflexus
(hairy buttercup, maru, maruru, kopukapuka, pirikau)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Raoulia australis
(common scabweed)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesAt Risk – DecliningNative
Raoulia glabra
(mat daisy)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesNot ThreatenedNative
Raoulia hookeri var. hookeri
(scabweed, scabweed mat daisy)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesNot ThreatenedNative
Raoulia parkii
(celadon mat daisy)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesAt Risk – DecliningNative
Raoulia tenuicaulis
(tutahuna, mat daisy)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesNot ThreatenedNative
Reseda luteola
(wild mignonette)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Ribes uva-crispa
(gooseberry)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsExotic
Rosa rubiginosa
(sweet brier)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsExotic
Rubus fruticosus agg.
(blackberry)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsExotic
Rubus schmidelioides var. schmidelioides
(tātarāmoa, bush lawyer, white-leaved lawyer)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Rumex acetosella
(sheep's sorrel)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Rumex crispus
(curled dock)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Rumex flexuosus
(Māori dock, New Zealand dock, runa)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Rumex obtusifolius
(broad-leaved dock)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Rytidosperma clavatum
(bristle grass)
GrassesNot ThreatenedNative
Rytidosperma pumilumGrassesNot ThreatenedNative
Rytidosperma racemosum
(danthonia)
GrassesExotic
Rytidosperma setifolium
(bristle tussock, mountain danthonia)
GrassesNot ThreatenedNative
Sagina apetala
(pearlwort)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Sagina procumbens
(procumbent pearlwort)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Salix fragilis × S. euxina
(crack willow)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsExotic
Sambucus nigra
(elder, elderflower, elderberry)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsExotic
Schoenus pauciflorus
(bog rush, sedge tussock)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Scleranthus uniflorusHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Sedum acre
(stonecrop)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Sedum reflexumHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Selliera radicans
(selliera, remuremu, half-star)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Senecio matatini subsp. discoideusHerbs - Dicotyledonous compositesNot ThreatenedNative
Senecio minimus
(fireweed)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesNot ThreatenedNative
Senecio quadridentatus
(cotton fireweed, white fireweed, pahokoraka)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesNot ThreatenedNative
Senecio sylvaticus
(wood groundsel)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesExotic
Silene conicaHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Silene coronaria
(rose campion)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Silene gallica
(catchfly)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Silene vulgaris subsp. vulgaris
(bladder campion)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Sisymbrium altissimum
(tumbling mustard)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Sisymbrium officinale
(hedge mustard)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Solanum dulcamara
(bittersweet)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Solanum nigrum
(black nightshade)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Sonchus asper
(prickly sow thistle)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesExotic
Sonchus oleraceus
(sow thistle, sowthistle)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesExotic
Sophora microphylla
(kōwhai, weeping kōwhai, small-leaved kōwhai)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Sorbaria tomentosaTrees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsExotic
Spergula arvensis
(spurrey)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Spergularia rubra
(sand spurrey)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Stellaria media subsp. media
(chickweed)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Stellaria parviflora
(New Zealand chickweed)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Styphelia nesophila
(pātōtara, dwarf mingimingi)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Tanacetum parthenium
(feverfew)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesExotic
Thymus vulgaris
(culinary thyme)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Trifolium arvense
(haresfoot trefoil)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Trifolium dubium
(suckling clover)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Trifolium glomeratum
(clustered clover)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Trifolium pratense
(red clover)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Trifolium repens
(white clover)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Trifolium striatum
(striated clover)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Ulex europaeus
(gorse)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsExotic
Urtica ferox
(ongaonga, tree nettle)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Urtica urens
(nettle, stinging nettle)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Verbascum thapsus
(woolly mullein, common mullein)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Verbascum virgatum
(moth mullein, wand mullein)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Verbena officinalis
(vervain)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Veronica arvensis
(field speedwell, corn speedwell)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Veronica linifolia
(parahebe)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Veronica pimeleoides subsp. pimeleoides
(hebe)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Veronica salicifolia
(koromiko)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Veronica subalpina
(hebe)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Veronica verna
(spring speedwell)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Vicia sativa
(vetch)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Vicia tetrasperma
(smooth tare)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Vinca major
(periwinkle)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Viola arvensis
(field pansy)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Viola cunninghamii
(mountain violet, white violet)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Viola filicaulis
(forest violet)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Vittadinia australis
(white fuzzweed)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesNot ThreatenedNative
Vittadinia gracilis
(purple fuzzweed)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesExotic
Wahlenbergia albomarginata subsp. albomarginata
(New Zealand harebell, harebell)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Wahlenbergia violacea
(violet harebell)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative