Vascular – Exotic
Dicotyledonous Herbs other than Composites
The National Vegetation Survey (NVS) Databank is a physical archive and electronic databank containing records of over 94,000 vegetation survey plots - including data from over 19,000 permanent plots. NVS maintains a standard set of species code abbreviations that correspond to standard scientific plant names from the Ngä Tipu o Aotearoa - New Zealand Plants database.
Perennial with large, yellow, somewhat branched taproot, reproducing by seed. Stems smooth, erect 0.3 to 1.2 m tall, single or in groups from the root crown. Leaves mostly basal, smooth, 15 to 30 cm long, lanceolate, with wavy curled edges. Upper leaves alternate, the base of the short petiole having a papery sheath surrounding the stem. Flowers in dense clusters on branches at tip of stem, without petals, small, greenish, becoming reddish-brown at maturity. (Wax, Fawcett and Isely 1981).
Europe, N. Africa, W. Asia
Seeds brown, shiny, triangular, and sharp-edged, surrounded with 3 heart shaped bracts with smooth edges. greenish, becoming reddish-brown at maturity.