Vascular – Native
Trees & Shrubs - Dicotyledons
The National Vegetation Survey (NVS) Databank is a physical archive and electronic databank containing records of over 94,000 vegetation survey plots - including data from over 19,000 permanent plots. NVS maintains a standard set of species code abbreviations that correspond to standard scientific plant names from the Ngä Tipu o Aotearoa - New Zealand Plants database.
2n = 42
Current conservation status
The conservation status of all known New Zealand vascular plant taxa at the rank of species and below were reassessed in 2017 using the New Zealand Threat Classification System (NZTCS) – more information about this can be found on the NZTCS website. This report includes a statistical summary and brief notes on changes since 2012 and replaces all previous NZTCS lists for vascular plants.
Please note, threat classifications are often suggested by authors when publications fall between NZTCS assessment periods – an interim threat classification status has not been assessed by the NZTCS panel.
- Conservation status of New Zealand indigenous vascular plants, 2017 . 2018. Peter J. de Lange, Jeremy R. Rolfe, John W. Barkla, Shannel P. Courtney, Paul D. Champion, Leon R. Perrie, Sarah M. Beadel, Kerry A. Ford, Ilse Breitwieser, Ines Schönberger, Rowan Hindmarsh-Walls, Peter B. Heenan and Kate Ladley. Department of Conservation. Source: NZTCS and licensed by DOC for reuse under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International licence.
2017 | Not Threatened
Previous conservation statuses
2012 | Not Threatened
2009 | Not Threatened
2004 | Not Threatened
Small spreading soft-wooded deciduous tree inhabiting wetter mountain areas of western South Island and Mt Taranaki. Leaves thin, widest at base and narrowing to point, margin with many uneven blunt teeth, on long stalks. Flowers white, cupped, developing into a dry narrowly-winged fruit.
Endemic. South Island only, where found mainly west of the main divide but extending eastwards into Central Otago, where it overlaps with H. lyallii
Montane to subalpine. Occupying a wide range of open and disturbed habitats including forest margins and open forest, montane scrub, avalanche trails and slip scars, along river and stream banks, and river fans
Tree up to 10 m tall, deciduous; hairs stellate; leaves heteroblastic. Juvenile leaves: lamina 13–50 × 15–30 mm, broad-elliptic to suborbicular, both surfaces sparsely hairy or glabrate; apex subacute to acute; base cordate to weakly truncate; margin deeply lobed to strongly crenate; petiole 20–55 mm long, sparsely hairy. Adult leaves: lamina 36–180 × 25–80 mm, elliptic to ovate, adaxial and abaxial surfaces sparsely hairy to glabrate; apex acute to acuminate; margins crenate or double-crenate; base cordate to occasionally weakly truncate; petiole 25–85 mm long, sparsely to moderately hairy. Flowers axillary, solitary or in cymose fasicles of 2–3. Pedicels 12–25 mm long, sparsely to moderately hairy. Calyx 3.7–6.0 mm high, 7.0–9.2 mm wide, campanulate, densely hairy; lobes 5–6, 2.2–4.1 × 2.8–3.4 mm, triangular, apex acute. Petals 5(–6), 12.8–20.5 × 11.7–15.5 mm, white, oblong-orbicular to broadly oblong, adaxial surface and margin toward proximal part with scattered simple hairs, abaxial surface sparsely to moderately hairy; claw 1.5–2.5 mm long. Stamens 34–42; filaments 8.5–13.5 mm long, white, in pairs and adnate for one-quarter to three-quarters of their length, column with stellate and simple patent hairs; anthers 0.7–0.8 mm long. Carpels 10–15; ovary ovoid, 0.8–2.0 mm long, 0.8–2.0 mm diameter, densely hairy; style 8.7–10.6 mm long, pink, sparsely hairy, fused in lower half; stigma 0.3–0.4 mm diam., capitate to slightly decurrent with style. Mericarp body 3.8–4.8 × 3.5–4.1 mm, broadly elliptic, laterally compressed; wing 2.0–3.4 mm wide, extending from upper two-thirds of dorsal surface, weakly ribbed, sparsely hairy, margin irregularly toothed. Seeds 2.9–4.5 × 1.9–3.2 mm, orange brown, glabrous, semicircular to triangular, broader toward base, biconvex or with a rounded dorsal surface, with a narrow wing c. 0.5 mm wide, usually separating from mericarp at maturity. Description from: Heenan et al. (2005).
Distinguishing Characters: Hoheria glabrata is distinguished from H. lyalli by the longer leaves with distinctly cordate bases, sparsely hairy surfaces, shallow marginal indentations, and an acuminate apex.
February - March
April - July
Winged mericarps are dispersed by wind (Thorsen et al., 2009).
Best from fresh seed. An extremely attractive species, unusual in the New Zealand flora for its deciduous habit. Prefers a damp soil in a sunny site, and does best in cooler climates. Dislikes humidity and will not flower in warmer climates unless it is subjected to cold treatment
hoheria: Latin version of the Maori name houhere which refers to H. populnea and H. glabrata.
Where To Buy
Occasionally available from specialist native plant nurseries
Fact Sheet Prepared for NZPCN by P.J. de Lange 3 April 2011
References and further reading
Heenan, P.B.; Dawson, M.I.; Redmond, D.N.; Wagstaff, S.J. 2005: Relationships of the New Zealand mountain ribbonwoods (Hoheria glabrata and H. lyallii: Malvaceae), based on molecular and morphological data. New Zealand Journal of Botany 43: 527–549.
Moorfield, J. C. (2005). Te aka : Maori-English, English-Maori dictionary and index. Pearson Longman: Auckland, N.Z.
Thorsen, M. J.; Dickinson, K. J. M.; Seddon, P. J. 2009. Seed dispersal systems in the New Zealand flora. Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics 11: 285-309
NZPCN Fact Sheet citation
Please cite as: de Lange, P.J. (Year at time of access): Hoheria glabrata Fact Sheet (content continuously updated). New Zealand Plant Conservation Network. https://www.nzpcn.org.nz/flora/species/hoheria-glabrata/ (Date website was queried)