Ophioglossum lusitanicum subp. coriaceum (A.Cunn.) R.T.Clausen; Ophioglossum elongatum R.Cunn. ex A.Cunn.; Ophioglossum pedunculosum sensu Cheeseman
Vascular – Native
The National Vegetation Survey (NVS) Databank is a physical archive and electronic databank containing records of over 94,000 vegetation survey plots - including data from over 19,000 permanent plots. NVS maintains a standard set of species code abbreviations that correspond to standard scientific plant names from the Ngä Tipu o Aotearoa - New Zealand Plants database.
2n = 240,700,700-720
Current conservation status
The threat classification status of all known New Zealand vascular plant taxa at the rank of species and below were reassessed in 2017 using the New Zealand Threat Classification System (NZTCS) – more information about this can be found on the NZTCS website This report includes a statistical summary and brief notes on changes since 2012 and replaces all previous NZTCS lists for vascular plants. Authors: By Peter J. de Lange, Jeremy R. Rolfe, John W. Barkla, Shannel P. Courtney, Paul D. Champion, Leon R. Perrie, Sarah M. Beadel, Kerry A. Ford, Ilse Breitwieser, Ines Schönberger, Rowan Hindmarsh-Walls, Peter B. Heenan and Kate Ladley. Please note, threat classifications are often suggested by authors when publications fall between NZTCS assessment periods – a suggested threat classification status has not been assessed by the NZTCS panel.
2017 | Not Threatened
Previous conservation statuses
2012 | Not Threatened
2009 | Not Threatened
2004 | Not Threatened
Indigenous. New Zealand: Kermadec (Raoul Island), North, South, Stewart, Chatham Islands. Also Australia and South America (in Australia plants are referred to O. lustanicum L. which has a wider distribution though North and South America, Europe, Africa and Asia)
Coastal to alpine. Throughout in mostly open or sparsely vegetated habitats including sand swales and dunes systems, grassland, forest clearings, lake, pond and river margins, peat bogs, fell field, river flats, tuft associations and occasionally as a low epiphyte.
Wetland plant indicator status rating
Information derived from the revised national wetland plant list prepared to assist councils in delineating and monitoring wetlands (Clarkson et al., 2021 Manaaki Whenua – Landcare Research Contract Report LC3975 for Hawke’s Bay Regional Council). The national plant list categorises plants by the extent to which they are found in wetlands and not ‘drylands’. The indicator status ratings are OBL (obligate wetland), FACW (facultative wetland), FAC (facultative), FACU (facultative upland), and UPL (obligate upland).
Commonly occurs as either a hydrophyte or non-hydrophyte (non-wetlands).
Rhizome erect, cylindrical’ roots orange-brown, fleshy, spreading; horizontal ones producing vegetative buds often resulting in large colonies. Fronds 1-2(-4). Common stipe (usually ill-defined) 5-15 mm long. Sterile lamina 8-30(-90) mm long, 4-20 mm wide, fleshy, green to yellow-green, elliptic, ovate, obovate to rhomboid (rarely deltoid), acute or obtuse; base rounded, truncate, cuneate or gradually tapering into common stipe’ venation single, mostly obscure, sometimes prominently reticulate; areole variable, usually as long as wide, rarely wider than long or elongated. Sporophore 5-140 mm long; fertile portion 3-20 mm long, with 4-15(-24) pairs of sporangiae; sterile tip of sporophore 0.8-1.5 mm long (rarely more).
Currently we follow Brownsey & Smith-Dodsworth (2000) in accepting the New Zealand plant as O. coriaceum (cf. Chinnock 1998). In New Zealand Ophioglossum coriaceum is most often confused with O. petiolatum. Both species in their typical states are easily distinguished, O. coriaceum is usually shorter (with sterile blades up to 90 mm long) and carrying fewer sporangia per sporophore (5-15 pairs) while O. petiolatum has a well defined petiole (common stipe), typical deltoid sterile lamina (up to 120 mm long by 50 mm wide), and a fertile lamina up to 200 mm long with the sporophore bearing 15-48 pairs of sporangia (see de Lange et al. 2010). However, numerous intermediates occur suggestive of hybridisation between both species. Also O. coriaceum is cytologically variable and there is little doubt more than one taxon exists under the current circumscription. Ophioglossum are taxonomically difficult and in this respect the New Zealand species are no different - there is urgent need for a comprehensive, world-wide revision using DNA-based techniques as main driver (see comments by de Lange & Rolfe 2010).
Easily grown by the division of whole plants. Does best in a fertile soil kept permanently moist (but not saturated). Will tolerate full sun but does better in semi-shade. Intolerant of competition from taller faster growing plants and very vulnerable to slug and snail browsing. This species makes an interesting and unusual pot plant.
ophioglossum: Snake’s tongue; from the Greek ophis and glossa; appearance of the fertile leaf
coriaceum: Leathery; from the Latin corium; texture of the leaves
Where To Buy
Not commercially available.
Fact sheet prepared for NZPCN by P.J. de Lange 21 March 2011. Description adapted from Chinnock (1998), Brownsey & Smith-Dodsworth (2000) and also based on herbarium specimens and measurements.
References and further reading
Brownsey, P.J.; Smith-Dodsworth, J.C. 2000: New Zealand Ferns and Allied Plants. Auckland, David Bateman
Chinnock, R.J. 1998: Ophioglossaceae. Flora of Australia 48: 99-109.de Lange, P.J.; Heenan, P.B.; Norton, D.A.; Rolfe, J.R.; Sawyer, J.W.D. 2010: Threatened Plants of New Zealand, Christchurch, Canterbury University Press. 471pp.
de Lange, P.J.; Rolfe, J.R. 2010: New Zealand Indigenous Vascular Plant Checklist. Wellington, New Zealand Plant Conservation Network. 164pp.
NZPCN Fact Sheet citation
Please cite as: de Lange, P.J. (Year at time of access): Ophioglossum coriaceum Fact Sheet (content continuously updated). New Zealand Plant Conservation Network. https://www.nzpcn.org.nz/flora/species/ophioglossum-coriaceum/ (Date website was queried)