This plant list has been compiled by the stated observer(s) and been provided to NZPCN for public use in good faith. NZPCN cannot guarantee that data contained in these lists are up to date or accurate. Most species lists are not corroborated with herbarium specimens. Note, species lists are not typically an exhaustive presence/absence survey of an area and often may focus on a single habitat or only contain species visible at a particular time of year (for example, spring annual herbs may go unobserved during much of the year). These lists should not be solely relied on for the purpose of assessing environmental effects or for preparing restoration plans - for this work a site visit is critical.

Site name: Kawau Is 1876 (Q911)

List name: TNZI 9:503

Source/Observer: TNZI 9:503 J Buchanan

Number of observations: 525

District: Auckland

SpeciesStructural classConservation statusNative/Exotic
Abrodictyum elongatum
(bristle fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Acaena anserinifolia
(bidibid, hutiwai, piripiri)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Achillea millefolium
(yarrow)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesExotic
Acianthus sinclairii
(heart-leaved orchid, pixie cap)
OrchidsNot ThreatenedNative
Adiantum cunninghamii
(common maidenhair, Cunningham's maidenhair)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Adiantum diaphanum
(tuberous maidenhair, small maidenhair)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Adiantum fulvum
(maidenhair)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Adiantum hispidulum
(rosy maidenhair)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Agathis australis
(kauri)
Trees & Shrubs - GymnospermsThreatened – Nationally VulnerableNative
Agrostis capillaris
(browntop)
GrassesExotic
Agrostis castellana
(dryland browntop)
GrassesExotic
Agrostis stolonifera
(creeping bent)
GrassesExotic
Aira caryophyllea subsp. caryophyllea
(silvery hair grass)
GrassesExotic
Alopecurus geniculatus
(kneed foxtail)
GrassesExotic
Alopecurus pratensis
(meadow foxtail)
GrassesExotic
Alseuosmia banksii var. linariifoliaTrees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsAt Risk – Naturally UncommonNative
Alseuosmia macrophylla
(toropapa, karapapa)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Alseuosmia quercifolia
(oak-leaved toropapa, toropapa, karapapa)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Alsophila smithii
(kātote, Smith's tree fern, soft tree fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Alsophila tricolor
(silver fern, ponga)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Amaranthus retroflexus
(redroot)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Anaphalioides trinervisHerbs - Dicotyledonous compositesNot ThreatenedNative
Anthemis arvensis
(corn chamomile)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesExotic
Anthosachne kingiana subsp. multiflora
(blue grass, blue wheat grass)
GrassesAt Risk – DecliningNative
Anthosachne solandri
(native wheatgrass, blue wheatgrass)
GrassesNot ThreatenedNative
Anthoxanthum odoratum
(sweet vernal)
GrassesExotic
Anthoxanthum redolens
(holy grass, kāretu)
GrassesNot ThreatenedNative
Apium leptophyllum
(slender celery)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Apium prostratum subsp. prostratum var. filiforme
(New Zealand celery)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Apodasmia similis
(jointed wire rush, oioi)
Rushes & Allied PlantsNot ThreatenedNative
Argentina anserinoides
(silverweed)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Aristotelia serrata
(makomako, wineberry)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Arthropodium candidumHerbs - MonocotsNot ThreatenedNative
Arthropodium cirratum
(rengarenga, renga lily, rock lily)
Herbs - MonocotsNot ThreatenedNative
Arthropteris tenella
(jointed fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Asplenium bulbiferum
(hen and chicken fern, pikopiko, mother spleenwort)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Asplenium decurrens
(northern shore spleenwort)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Asplenium flabellifolium
(butterfly fern, walking fern, necklace fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Asplenium flaccidum
(drooping spleenwort, hanging spleenwort)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Asplenium hookerianum var. hookerianum
(Hooker's spleenwort)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Asplenium lyallii
(Lyall's spleenwort)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Asplenium oblongifolium
(huruhuruwhenua, shining spleenwort)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Asplenium obtusatum
(shore spleenwort)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Asplenium polyodon
(sickle spleenwort)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Astelia banksii
(coastal astelia, shore kowharawhara)
Herbs - MonocotsNot ThreatenedNative
Astelia hastata
(tank lily)
Herbs - MonocotsNot ThreatenedNative
Astelia solandri
(perching lily, kōwharawhara)
Herbs - MonocotsNot ThreatenedNative
Astelia trinervia
(Kauri grass)
Herbs - MonocotsNot ThreatenedNative
Atriplex billardierei
(crystalwort)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesThreatened – Nationally EndangeredNative
Austroblechnum banksii
(shore hard fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Austroblechnum colensoi
(Colenso's hard fern, peretao, petako)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Austroblechnum lanceolatum
(lance fern, nini, rereti)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Austroblechnum penna-marina subsp. alpina
(little hard fern, alpine hard fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Austroderia splendens
(toetoe)
GrassesNot ThreatenedNative
Austrostipa stipoides
(coastal immorality grass, buggar grass)
GrassesNot ThreatenedNative
Avena barbata
(slender oat)
GrassesExotic
Avicennia marina subsp. australasica
(manawa, mangrove)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Barbarea verna
(winter cress)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Beilschmiedia tarairi
(taraire)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Beilschmiedia tawa
(tawa)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Bellis perennis
(English daisy)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesExotic
Bidens pilosa
(cobbler's pegs)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesExotic
Bolboschoenus fluviatilis
(marsh clubrush, kukuraho, purua grass)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Brachyglottis repanda
(rangiora, bushman's toilet paper, bushman's friend)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Brassica nigra
(black mustard)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Briza maxima
(large quaking grass)
GrassesExotic
Briza minor
(shivery grass)
GrassesExotic
Bromus arenarius
(sand brome)
GrassesAt Risk – Naturally UncommonNative
Bromus hordeaceus
(soft brome)
GrassesExotic
Bromus racemosusGrassesExotic
Bromus sterilis
(barren brome)
GrassesExotic
Bulbophyllum pygmaeum
(pygmy tree orchid, bulbophyllum)
OrchidsNot ThreatenedNative
Caladenia bartlettiiOrchidsAt Risk – Naturally UncommonNative
Caladenia chlorostylaOrchidsNot ThreatenedNative
Callitriche stagnalis
(water starwort)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Calystegia sepium subsp. roseata
(pink bindweed)
Lianes & Related Trailing Plants - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Calystegia soldanella
(shore bindweed, shore convolvulus, rauparaha)
Lianes & Related Trailing Plants - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Calystegia tuguriorum
(climbing convolvulus, NZ bindweed)
Lianes & Related Trailing Plants - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Capsella bursa-pastoris
(shepherd's purse)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Cardamine corymbosaHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Carex banksiana
(fine-leaved bastard grass)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Carex breviculmis
(grassland sedge)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Carex flagellifera
(Glen Murray tussock, trip me up)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Carex forsteri
(Forster's sedge)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Carex inversa
(creeping lawn sedge)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Carex lambertiana
(forest sedge)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Carex lessoniana
(rautahi, cutty grass)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Carex pumila
(sand sedge)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Carex punicea
(red bastard grass, frost flat hook grass)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Carex raoulii
(coastal forest sedge, Raoul's sedge)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Carex secta
(purei, pukio)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Carex spinirostris
(coastal sedge, petrel scrub sedge)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Carex virgata
(swamp sedge, pukio, toitoi, toetoe)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Carex zotovii
(Zotov's bastard grass, Zotov's hook sedge)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Carmichaelia australis
(common native broom, mākaka, maukoro, tainoka, taunoka, taranagahape)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Carpodetus serratus
(marbleleaf, putaputawētā, piripiriwhata)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Celmisia gracilenta
(common mountain daisy, pekapeka)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesNot ThreatenedNative
Celmisia mackaui
(Banks Peninsula daisy, Akaroa daisy)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesAt Risk – Naturally UncommonNative
Centaurium erythraea
(centaury)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Centella uniflora
(centella)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Cerastium fontanum subsp. vulgareHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Cerastium glomeratum
(annual mouse-ear chickweed)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Chenopodiastrum erosum
(jagged fathen)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExoticExotic
Chenopodium triandrum
(pigweed)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Cirsium vulgare
(Scotch thistle)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesExotic
Clematis cunninghamiiLianes & Related Trailing Plants - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Clematis foetida
(clematis)
Lianes & Related Trailing Plants - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Clematis paniculata
(white clematis, puawananga)
Lianes & Related Trailing Plants - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Clinopodium vulgare
(wild basil)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Coprosma acerosa
(sand coprosma, tātaraheke)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsAt Risk – DecliningNative
Coprosma arborea
(māmāngi, tree coprosma)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Coprosma grandifolia
(kanono, manono, large-leaved coprosma, raurekau)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Coprosma lucida
(karamū, shining karamū)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Coprosma propinqua var. propinqua
(mingimingi)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Coprosma repens
(taupata, looking glass plant, mirror plant)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Coprosma rhamnoidesTrees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Coprosma robusta
(karamū, glossy karamū)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Coprosma rotundifoliaTrees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Coprosma spathulata subsp. spathulataTrees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Coprosma tenuicaulis
(swamp coprosma, hukihuki)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Cordyline australis
(cabbage tree, tī, tī kōuka, palm lily)
Trees & Shrubs - MonocotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Cordyline banksii
(tī ngahere, cabbage tree, tī rakau)
Trees & Shrubs - MonocotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Cordyline pumilio
(Dwarf cabbage tree, tī koraha, tī rauriki, korokio)
Trees & Shrubs - MonocotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Coriaria arborea var. arborea
(tutu, tree tutu)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Corokia buddleioides
(korokio)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Corybas oblongus
(spider orchid)
OrchidsNot ThreatenedNative
Corynocarpus laevigatus
(karaka, kopi)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Cotula coronopifolia
(bachelor's button, yellow buttons, waterbuttons)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesNot ThreatenedNative
Cranfillia fluviatilis
(kiwikiwi, kiwakiwa, creek fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Craspedia uniflora var. uniflora
(woollyhead)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesNot ThreatenedNative
Crassula sieberianaHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Crepis capillaris
(hawksbeard)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesExotic
Cucurbita maxima
(pumpkin)
Lianes & Related Trailing Plants - DicotyledonsExotic
Cynodon dactylon
(Bermuda grass)
GrassesExotic
Cynosurus cristatus
(crested dogstail)
GrassesExotic
Cyperus ustulatus
(coastal cutty grass, giant umbrella sedge, cyperus)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Cytisus scoparius
(wild broom)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsExotic
Dacrycarpus dacrydioides
(kahikatea, white pine)
Trees & Shrubs - GymnospermsNot ThreatenedNative
Dacrydium cupressinum
(rimu, red pine)
Trees & Shrubs - GymnospermsNot ThreatenedNative
Dactylis glomerata
(cocksfoot)
GrassesExotic
Daucus glochidiatus
(New Zealand carrot)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesAt Risk – DecliningNative
Dendrobium cunninghamii
(winika, pekapeka, Christmas orchid, bamboo orchid)
OrchidsNot ThreatenedNative
Dendroconche scandens
(fragrant fern, mokimoki)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Deparia petersenii subsp. congruaFernsNot ThreatenedNative
Deschampsia cespitosa
(tufted hair-grass, wavy hair-grass)
GrassesAt Risk – DecliningNative
Dianella nigra
(turutu, New Zealand blueberry, inkberry)
Herbs - MonocotsNot ThreatenedNative
Dichondra repens
(Mercury Bay weed, dichondra)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Dicksonia squarrosa
(wheki, rough tree fern, harsh tree fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Didymocheton spectabilis
(kohekohe, New Zealand mahogany)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Digitaria sanguinalis
(summer grass)
GrassesExotic
Diploblechnum fraseriFernsNot ThreatenedNative
Disphyma australe subsp. australe
(horokaka, native ice plant, New Zealand ice plant)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Dodonaea viscosa
(akeake)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Doodia australis
(rasp fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Doodia squarrosaFernsAt Risk – Naturally UncommonNative
Drosera auriculata
(sundew)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Drosera binata
(forked sundew, scented sundew)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Drymoanthus adversus
(fleshy tree orchid)
OrchidsNot ThreatenedNative
Earina autumnalis
(Easter orchid, raupeka)
OrchidsNot ThreatenedNative
Earina mucronata
(bamboo orchid, peka-a-waka, spring earina)
OrchidsNot ThreatenedNative
Echinopogon ovatus
(forest hedgehog grass, hedgehog grass)
GrassesNot ThreatenedNative
Elaeocarpus dentatus var. dentatus
(hīnau)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Eleocharis acuta
(sharp spike sedge)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Eleocharis gracilis
(slender spike sedge)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Entelea arborescens
(whau)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Epilobium alsinoides
(willowherb)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Epilobium billardiereanum
(willowherb)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Epilobium cinereum
(willowherb)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Epilobium nummulariifolium
(creeping willowherb)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Epilobium pallidiflorum
(tarawera, swamp willowherb)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Epilobium pubens
(willowherb)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Epilobium rotundifolium
(round-leaved willowherb)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Epilobium tetragonum
(tall willowherb)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Eragrostis brownii
(bay grass)
GrassesExotic
Erigeron sumatrensis
(broad-leaved flea-bane)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesExotic
Erodium cicutarium
(storksbill)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Eryngium vesiculosum
(sea holly)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesThreatened – Nationally VulnerableNative
Euchiton involucratusHerbs - Dicotyledonous compositesNot ThreatenedNative
Euchiton japonicusHerbs - Dicotyledonous compositesNot ThreatenedNative
Euphorbia glauca
(shore spurge, sea spurge, waiu-atua, sand milkweed)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesAt Risk – DecliningNative
Euphorbia peplus
(milkweed)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Festuca bromoides
(vulpia hair grass, brome fescue, squirrel-tailed fescue)
GrassesExotic
Festuca myuros
(vulpia hair grass, rat's tail fescue)
GrassesExotic
Festuca novae-zelandiae
(fescue tussock, hard tussock)
GrassesNot ThreatenedNative
Ficinia nodosa
(wiwi, knobby club rush, ethel sedge)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Ficinia spiralis
(pīngao, golden sand sedge, pikao)
SedgesAt Risk – DecliningNative
Freycinetia banksii
(kiekie)
Lianes - MonocotsNot ThreatenedNative
Fuchsia excorticata
(kōtukutuku, tree fuchsia)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Fumaria officinalis
(Fumitory)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Fuscospora truncata
(hard beech, tawhairaunui)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Gahnia lacera
(cutty grass)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Gahnia pauciflora
(cutting sedge)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Gahnia procera
(giant sedge, gahnia, mountain gahnia)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Gahnia setifolia
(māpere, gahnia, giant gahnia, razor sedge)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Gahnia xanthocarpa
(gahnia, māpere)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Galium aparine
(cleavers)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Galium propinquum
(māwe)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Galium trilobum
(native bedstraw)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Gastrodia cunninghamii
(black orchid, black potato orchid, perei)
OrchidsNot ThreatenedNative
Gaultheria antipoda
(bush snowberry, fool's beech)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Geniostoma ligustrifolium var. ligustrifolium
(hangehange)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Geranium homeanumHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Geranium molle
(dove's foot cranesbill)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Geranium pratense
(meadow cranesbill)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Geranium solanderi
(Solander's geranium)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesAt Risk – DecliningNative
Gleichenia dicarpa
(tangle fern, swamp umbrella fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Glyceria fluitans
(floating sweetgrass)
GrassesExotic
Gonocarpus aggregatusHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Gonocarpus micranthus subsp. micranthusHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Griselinia lucida
(puka, akapuka)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Haloragis erecta subsp. erecta
(toatoa, fire weed, shrubby haloragis)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Hedycarya arborea
(porokaiwhiri, pigeonwood)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Helichrysum filicaule
(creeping everlasting daisy, slender everlasting daisy)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesNot ThreatenedNative
Helichrysum lanceolatumTrees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Helminthotheca echioides
(Oxtongue)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesExotic
Histiopteris incisa
(histiopteris, water fern, mātātā, bat's wing fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Hiya distansFernsNot ThreatenedNative
Hoheria populnea
(lacebark, houhere, ribbonwood)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Hoheria sexstylosa
(houhere, lacebark)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Holcus lanatus
(Yorkshire fog)
GrassesExotic
Holcus mollis
(creeping fog)
GrassesExotic
Hordeum murinum subsp. murinum
(barley grass)
GrassesExotic
Hydrocotyle elongataHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Hydrocotyle heteromeria
(waxweed, waxweed pennywort)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Hydrocotyle moschata var. moschata
(hairy pennywort)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Hydrocotyle pterocarpaHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Hymenophyllum australe
(filmy fern)
FernsAt Risk – Naturally UncommonNative
Hymenophyllum demissum
(drooping filmy fern, Irirangi, piripiri)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Hymenophyllum dilatatum
(filmy fern, matua mauku)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Hymenophyllum flabellatum
(filmy fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Hymenophyllum minimum
(filmy fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Hymenophyllum multifidum
(much-divided filmy fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Hymenophyllum nephrophyllum
(kidney fern, konehu, kopakopa, raurenga)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Hymenophyllum rarum
(filmy fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Hymenophyllum revolutum
(filmy fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Hymenophyllum sanguinolentum
(filmy fern, piripiri)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Hymenophyllum scabrum
(rough filmy fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Hypericum androsaemum
(tutsan)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Hypericum perforatum
(St John's wort)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Hypericum pusillum
(swamp hypericum)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Hypochaeris glabra
(smooth catsear)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesExotic
Hypochaeris radicata
(catsear)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesExotic
Hypolepis ambiguaFernsNot ThreatenedNative
Hypolepis rufobarbataFernsNot ThreatenedNative
Icarus filiformis
(thread fern, climbing hard fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Ileostylus micranthus
(Green mistletoe, pirita)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Iris germanica
(bearded iris)
Herbs - MonocotsExotic
Isachne globosa
(swamp millet)
GrassesNot ThreatenedNative
Isolepis aucklandicaSedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Isolepis cernua var. cernua
(slender clubrush)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Isolepis proliferaSedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Juncus australis
(leafless rush, wiwi)
Rushes & Allied PlantsNot ThreatenedNative
Juncus bufonius var. bufonius
(toad rush)
Rushes & Allied PlantsExotic
Juncus edgariae
(wiwi, Edgar's rush)
Rushes & Allied PlantsNot ThreatenedNative
Juncus holoschoenus var. holoschoenusRushes & Allied PlantsThreatened – Nationally CriticalNative
Juncus kraussii subsp. australiensis
(sea rush)
Rushes & Allied PlantsNot ThreatenedNative
Juncus planifolius
(grass-leaved rush)
Rushes & Allied PlantsNot ThreatenedNative
Knightia excelsa
(rewarewa, NZ honeysuckle)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Koeleria arduanaGrassesNot ThreatenedNative
Kunzea ericoides
(kānuka)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsThreatened – Nationally VulnerableNative
Lachnagrostis billardierei subsp. billardierei
(sand wind grass)
GrassesNot ThreatenedNative
Lachnagrostis filiformis
(New Zealand wind grass)
GrassesNot ThreatenedNative
Lagenophora petiolata
(papataniwhaniwha)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesNot ThreatenedNative
Lagenophora pumila
(papataniwhaniwha)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesNot ThreatenedNative
Lapsana communis
(nipplewort)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesExotic
Lastreopsis hispida
(hairy fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Lastreopsis velutina
(velvet fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Lateristachys lateralisLycophytes (clubmosses, selaginella, quillworts)Not ThreatenedNative
Laurelia novae-zelandiae
(pukatea)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Leionema nudum
(Mairehau)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Lemna disperma
(common duckweed)
Herbs - MonocotsNot ThreatenedNative
Lepidium coronopus
(wart cress)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Lepidium didymum
(twin cress)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Lepidium oleraceum
(nau, Cook's scurvy grass)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesThreatened – Nationally EndangeredNative
Lepidium ruderale
(roadside pepperweed, stink cress, narrow-leaved cress)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Lepidosperma australe
(square sedge, square-stemmed sedge)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Lepidosperma laterale
(sword sedge)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Leptecophylla juniperina subsp. juniperina
(prickly mingimingi, mingimingi)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Leptinella dioica
(shore cotula)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesNot ThreatenedNative
Leptinella dispersa subsp. dispersaHerbs - Dicotyledonous compositesAt Risk – Naturally UncommonNative
Leptinella tenellaHerbs - Dicotyledonous compositesThreatened – Nationally VulnerableNative
Leptolepia novae-zelandiae
(lace fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Leptopteris hymenophylloides
(crêpe fern, single crêpe fern, heruheru)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Leptospermum scoparium var. scoparium
(mānuka, kahikātoa)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsAt Risk – DecliningNative
Leucanthemum vulgare
(oxeye daisy)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesExotic
Leucopogon fasciculatus
(mingimingi, tall mingimingi)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Libertia ixioides
(mikoikoi, NZ iris)
Herbs - MonocotsNot ThreatenedNative
Libertia micrantha
(native iris, mikoikoi)
Herbs - MonocotsNot ThreatenedNative
Libocedrus plumosa
(kawaka, NZ cedar)
Trees & Shrubs - GymnospermsNot ThreatenedNative
Lilaeopsis novae-zelandiaeHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Lindsaea linearisFernsNot ThreatenedNative
Lindsaea trichomanoidesFernsNot ThreatenedNative
Linum bienne
(pale flax)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Linum monogynum var. monogynumHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesAt Risk – DecliningNative
Litsea calicaris
(mangeao, tangeao)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Lobelia anceps
(New Zealand lobelia, shore lobelia)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Lobelia angulata
(pratia)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Lolium multiflorum
(Italian ryegrass)
GrassesExotic
Lolium perenne
(perennial rye grass)
GrassesExotic
Lomaria discolor
(crown fern, petipeti, piupiu)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Lophomyrtus bullata
(ramarama)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsThreatened – Nationally CriticalNative
Loxogramme dictyopteris
(lance fern, whare ngārara)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Luzula subclavataRushes & Allied PlantsNot ThreatenedNative
Lygodium articulatum
(mangemange, bushman's mattress, makamaka)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Lysimachia arvensis subsp. arvensis var. arvensis
(pimpernel)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Lysimachia arvensis subsp. arvensis var. caeruleaHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Lythrum hyssopifolia
(hyssop loosestrife)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Machaerina juncea
(sedge, tussock swamp twig rush)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Machaerina rubiginosa
(baumea)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Machaerina sinclairii
(machaerina)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Machaerina tenaxSedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Malva neglecta
(dwarf mallow)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Malva sylvestris
(large-flowered mallow)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Marrubium vulgare
(horehound)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Medicago arabica
(spotted bur medick)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Medicago lupulina
(black medick)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Medicago nigra
(bur medick)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Melicope simplex
(poataniwha)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Melicope ternata
(wharangi)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Melicytus lanceolatus
(māhoe-wao, narrow-leaved māhoe)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Melicytus ramiflorus subsp. ramiflorus
(māhoe, hinahina, whitey wood)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Melilotus officinalis
(yellow sweet clover)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Mentha cunninghamii
(New Zealand mint, hīoi)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesAt Risk – DecliningNative
Metrosideros albiflora
(white flowering rātā, akatea)
Lianes & Related Trailing Plants - DicotyledonsThreatened – Nationally VulnerableNative
Metrosideros diffusa
(white rātā)
Lianes & Related Trailing Plants - DicotyledonsThreatened – Nationally VulnerableNative
Metrosideros excelsa
(pōhutukawa)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsThreatened – Nationally VulnerableNative
Metrosideros fulgens
(climbing rātā)
Lianes & Related Trailing Plants - DicotyledonsThreatened – Nationally VulnerableNative
Metrosideros perforata
(akatea)
Lianes & Related Trailing Plants - DicotyledonsThreatened – Nationally VulnerableNative
Metrosideros robusta
(northern rātā)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsThreatened – Nationally VulnerableNative
Microlaena avenacea
(bush rice grass, oat grass)
GrassesNot ThreatenedNative
Microlaena polynoda
(bamboo grass, bamboo)
GrassesNot ThreatenedNative
Microlaena stipoides
(meadow rice grass, slender rice grass)
GrassesNot ThreatenedNative
Microtis unifolia
(onion-leaved orchid, microtis)
OrchidsNot ThreatenedNative
Mida salicifolia
(maire)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsAt Risk – DecliningNative
Montia fontana subsp. fontana
(blinks, blinkswater chickweed, dwarf montia)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Morelotia affinis
(morelotia)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Muehlenbeckia australis
(pōhuehue, large-leaved muehlenbeckia)
Lianes & Related Trailing Plants - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Muehlenbeckia complexa var. complexa
(small-leaved pōhuehue, scrub pōhuehue, wire vine)
Lianes & Related Trailing Plants - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Myoporum laetum
(ngaio)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Myosotis forsteri
(Forster's forget-me-not)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Myrsine australis
(red mapou, red matipo, mapau, red maple)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Myrsine salicina
(toro)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Nasturtium officinale
(Watercress)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Nepeta cataria
(catnip)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Nertera dichondrifoliaHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Nestegis cunninghamii
(black maire)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Nestegis lanceolata
(white maire)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Notogrammitis ciliata
(strapfern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Notogrammitis heterophylla
(taupeka, comb fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Oenothera stricta
(sand primrose)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Olearia albidaTrees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Olearia furfuracea
(akepiro)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Olearia rani var. rani
(heketara)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Ophioglossum coriaceum
(adder's tongue)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Oplismenus hirtellus subsp. imbecillisGrassesNot ThreatenedNative
Oxalis corniculata subsp. corniculata
(creeping woodsorrel, horned oxalis)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Oxalis rubensHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Oxybasis ambiguaHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesAt Risk – DecliningNative
Ozothamnus leptophyllus
(tauhinu)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Paesia scaberula
(lace fern, ring fern, scented fern, pig fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Pakau pennigera
(gully fern, feather fern, piupiu)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Palhinhaea cernuaLycophytes (clubmosses, selaginella, quillworts)Not ThreatenedNative
Parablechnum novae-zelandiae
(kiokio, horokio, palm leaf fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Parapolystichum microsorumFernsNot ThreatenedNative
Parietaria debilis
(New Zealand pellitory)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Parsonsia capsularis var. roseaLianes & Related Trailing Plants - DicotyledonsData DeficientNative
Parsonsia heterophylla
(New Zealand jasmine)
Lianes & Related Trailing Plants - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Paspalum distichum
(Mercer grass)
GrassesExotic
Paspalum orbiculare
(scrobic)
GrassesThreatened – Nationally VulnerableNative
Passiflora tetrandra
(kohia, NZ passionflower, NZ passionfruit)
Lianes & Related Trailing Plants - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Pastinaca sativa
(wild parsnip)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Pectinopitys ferruginea
(miro, brown pine)
Trees & Shrubs - GymnospermsNot ThreatenedNative
Pelargonium inodorum
(kōpata)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Pellaea rotundifolia
(round-leaved fern, New Zealand cliff brake)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Pentapogon crinitus
(long-hair plume grass)
GrassesNot ThreatenedNative
Pentapogon inaequiglumis
(short-hair plume grass)
GrassesAt Risk – Naturally UncommonNative
Pentapogon quadrisetusGrassesAt Risk – DecliningNative
Peperomia urvilleana
(peperomia)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Persicaria decipiensHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Phalaris canariensis
(canary grass)
GrassesExotic
Phlegmariurus varius
(clubmoss)
Lycophytes (clubmosses, selaginella, quillworts)Not ThreatenedNative
Phleum pratense
(Timothy)
GrassesExotic
Phormium cookianum subsp. hookeri
(mountain flax, wharariki)
Herbs - MonocotsNot ThreatenedNative
Phormium tenax
(flax, harakeke, kōrari (Māori name for inflorescence).)
Herbs - MonocotsNot ThreatenedNative
Physalis peruviana
(Cape gooseberry)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Pimelea longifolia
(long-leaved pimelea)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsAt Risk – DecliningNative
Pimelea tomentosaTrees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsThreatened – Nationally VulnerableNative
Pimelea urvilleana subsp. nesica
(pinātoro)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsData DeficientNative
Piper excelsum subsp. excelsum
(kawakawa, pepper tree)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Pittosporum colensoiTrees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Pittosporum cornifolium
(tāwhiri karo)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Pittosporum crassifolium
(karo)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Pittosporum eugenioides
(tarata, lemonwood)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Pittosporum tenuifolium
(kohukohu, kōhūhū, black matipo)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Plagianthus divaricatus
(salt marsh ribbonwood, marsh ribbonwood)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Planchonella costata
(tawāpou)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsAt Risk – RelictNative
Plantago lanceolata
(narrow-leaved plantain)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Plantago major
(broad-leaved plantain)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Plantago raouliiHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Poa anceps
(broad-leaved poa)
GrassesNot ThreatenedNative
Poa annua
(annual poa)
GrassesExotic
Poa billardierei
(sand tussock, hinarepe)
GrassesAt Risk – DecliningNative
Poa nemoralisGrassesExotic
Poa pratensis
(Kentucky bluegrass)
GrassesExotic
Poa trivialis
(rough-stalked meadow grass)
GrassesExotic
Podocarpus totara var. totara
(tōtara)
Trees & Shrubs - GymnospermsNot ThreatenedNative
Polycarpon tetraphyllum
(allseed)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Polygonum aviculare
(wireweed)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Polyphlebium endlicherianumFernsNot ThreatenedNative
Polyphlebium venosum
(veined bristle fern, veined filmy fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Polystichum neozelandicum subsp. neozelandicumFernsNot ThreatenedNative
Polystichum vestitum
(punui, prickly shield fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Pomaderris amoena
(tauhinu)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Pomaderris kumeraho
(kumarahou, gum-digger's soap, golden tainui)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Portulaca oleracea
(purslane)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Prasophyllum colensoi
(leek orchid)
OrchidsNot ThreatenedNative
Prumnopitys taxifolia
(mataī, black pine)
Trees & Shrubs - GymnospermsNot ThreatenedNative
Prunella vulgaris
(self-heal)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsExotic
Pseudodiphasium volubile
(climbing clubmoss, waewaekoukou)
Lycophytes (clubmosses, selaginella, quillworts)Not ThreatenedNative
Pseudognaphalium luteoalbumHerbs - Dicotyledonous compositesNot ThreatenedNative
Pseudolycopodium densum
(clubmoss)
Lycophytes (clubmosses, selaginella, quillworts)Not ThreatenedNative
Pseudopanax arboreus
(fivefinger, five finger, whauwhaupaku)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Pseudopanax crassifolius
(horoeka, lancewood)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Pseudopanax lessonii
(Houpara)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Pteridium esculentum
(bracken, rarauhe, bracken fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Pteris carsei
(coastal brake, netted brake)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Pteris macilenta
(sweet fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Pteris tremula
(shaking brake, tender brake, Australian bracken)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Pterophylla sylvicola
(Towai, tawhero)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Pterostylis alobula
(greenhood)
OrchidsNot ThreatenedNative
Pterostylis banksii
(tutukiwi, greenhood)
OrchidsNot ThreatenedNative
Pterostylis trullifolia
(trowel-leaved orchid)
OrchidsNot ThreatenedNative
Puccinellia stricta
(saltgrass)
GrassesNot ThreatenedNative
Pyrrosia elaeagnifolia
(leather-leaf fern, pyrrosia)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Quintinia serrata
(tāwheowheo, quintinia)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Ranunculus acaulis
(sand buttercup, shore buttercup)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Ranunculus amphitrichus
(waoriki)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Ranunculus parviflorus
(small-flowered buttercup)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Ranunculus reflexus
(hairy buttercup, maru, maruru, kopukapuka, pirikau)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Ranunculus repens
(buttercup)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Raphanus raphanistrum subsp. raphanistrum
(wild radish)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Rhabdothamnus solandri
(New Zealand gloxinia, taurepo, kaikaiatua, mata, matata, waiuatua)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Rhopalostylis sapida
(nīkau)
Trees & Shrubs - MonocotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Ripogonum scandens
(supplejack, kareao, pirita)
Lianes - MonocotsNot ThreatenedNative
Rorippa palustris
(marsh yellow cress, poniu)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Rosa rubiginosa
(sweet brier)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsExotic
Rubus australis
(tātarāmoa, bush lawyer, swamp lawyer)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Rubus cissoides
(tātarāmoa, bush lawyer)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Rubus schmidelioides var. schmidelioides
(tātarāmoa, bush lawyer, white-leaved lawyer)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Rumex acetosella
(sheep's sorrel)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Rumex crispus
(curled dock)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Rumex flexuosus
(Māori dock, New Zealand dock, runa)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Rumex obtusifolius
(broad-leaved dock)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Rumex pulcher
(fiddle dock)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Rumohra adiantiformis
(leathery shield fern, florists fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Rytidosperma biannulare
(gumland bristle grass)
GrassesNot ThreatenedNative
Rytidosperma unarede
(bristle grass)
GrassesNot ThreatenedNative
Sagina procumbens
(procumbent pearlwort)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Salicornia quinqueflora
(glasswort)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Samolus repens var. repens
(Sea primrose, shore pimpernel, water pimpernel)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Sanguisorba minor subsp. balearicaHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Scandia rosifolia
(koheriki)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesThreatened – Nationally CriticalNative
Schefflera digitata
(patatē, patē, seven-finger)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Schizaea dichotoma
(fan fern)
FernsAt Risk – Naturally UncommonNative
Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani
(kuawa)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Schoenus maschalinus
(dwarf bog rush)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Schoenus tendo
(kauri sedge, kauri schoenus)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Scleranthus biflorus
(Canberra grass)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Selliera radicans
(selliera, remuremu, half-star)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Senecio bipinnatisectus
(Australian fireweed)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesNot ThreatenedNative
Senecio glomeratus subsp. glomeratus
(fireweed)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesNot ThreatenedNative
Senecio lautus
(shore groundsel, variable groundsel)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesNot ThreatenedNative
Senecio quadridentatus
(cotton fireweed, white fireweed, pahokoraka)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesNot ThreatenedNative
Senecio scaberulus
(fireweed)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesThreatened – Nationally CriticalNative
Senecio vulgaris
(common groundsel)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesExotic
Sherardia arvensis
(field madder)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Sicyos australis
(māwhai)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesAt Risk – Naturally UncommonNative
Silene gallica
(catchfly)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Sisymbrium officinale
(hedge mustard)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Solanum aviculare var. aviculare
(poroporo)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsThreatened – Nationally VulnerableNative
Solanum nigrum
(black nightshade)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Sonchus oleraceus
(sow thistle, sowthistle)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesExotic
Sophora microphylla
(kōwhai, weeping kōwhai, small-leaved kōwhai)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Spergularia rubra
(sand spurrey)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Sphaeropteris medullaris
(mamaku, black tree fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Spinifex sericeus
(spinifex, kōwhangatara)
GrassesNot ThreatenedNative
Sporobolus africanus
(rat's tail)
GrassesExotic
Stachys arvensis
(staggerweed)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Stellaria media subsp. media
(chickweed)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Stellaria parviflora
(New Zealand chickweed)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Stenotaphrum secundatum
(buffalo grass)
GrassesExotic
Streblus heterophyllus
(small-leaved milk tree, tūrepo)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Styphelia nesophila
(pātōtara, dwarf mingimingi)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Syzygium maire
(swamp maire, maire tawake, waiwaka)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsThreatened – Nationally CriticalNative
Tetragonia tetragonoides
(kōkihi, New Zealand spinach, tutae-ikamoana)
Lianes & Related Trailing Plants - DicotyledonsAt Risk – Naturally UncommonNative
Thelymitra longifolia
(white sun orchid, māikuku)
OrchidsNot ThreatenedNative
Thelymitra pulchella
(striped sun orchid, beautiful sun orchid)
OrchidsNot ThreatenedNative
Tmesipteris elongata
(fork fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Torilis nodosa
(hedgehog parsley)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Trifolium dubium
(suckling clover)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Trifolium pratense
(red clover)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Trifolium repens
(white clover)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Triglochin striata
(triglochin)
Herbs - MonocotsNot ThreatenedNative
Tupeia antarctica
(Tāpia, pirita, white mistletoe, tupia, kohuorangi)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsAt Risk – DecliningNative
Typha orientalis
(raupō, bullrush)
Herbs - MonocotsNot ThreatenedNative
Ulex europaeus
(gorse)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsExotic
Urtica sykesii
(native nettle, bush nettle)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Verbascum thapsus
(woolly mullein, common mullein)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Verbena officinalis
(vervain)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Veronica arvensis
(field speedwell, corn speedwell)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Veronica parviflora
(hebe)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Veronica punicea
(hebe)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsAt Risk – Naturally UncommonNative
Veronica serpyllifolia
(turf speedwell, thyme-leaved speedwell)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Veronica stricta var. stricta
(koromiko)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Vicia hirsuta
(hairy vetch, tiny vetch)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Vicia sativa
(vetch)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Vicia tetrasperma
(smooth tare)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Vinca major
(periwinkle)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Viola filicaulis
(forest violet)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Vitex lucens
(pūriri)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Vittadinia australis
(white fuzzweed)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesNot ThreatenedNative
Wahlenbergia violacea
(violet harebell)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Zantedeschia aethiopica
(arum lily)
Herbs - MonocotsExotic
Zealandia pustulata subsp. pustulata
(hound's tongue, kōwaowao, pāraharaha)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Zostera muelleri subsp. novazelandica
(seagrass, eelgrass, nana, zostera, rimurehia)
Herbs - MonocotsAt Risk – DecliningNative