New Zealand carrot
Scandix glochidiata Labill., Daucus brachiatus Sieb. in DC.
Vascular – Native
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than Composites
The National Vegetation Survey (NVS) Databank is a physical archive and electronic databank containing records of over 94,000 vegetation survey plots - including data from over 19,000 permanent plots. NVS maintains a standard set of species code abbreviations that correspond to standard scientific plant names from the Ngä Tipu o Aotearoa - New Zealand Plants database.
2n = 44
Current conservation status
The conservation status of all known New Zealand vascular plant taxa at the rank of species and below were reassessed in 2017 using the New Zealand Threat Classification System (NZTCS). This report includes a statistical summary and brief notes on changes since 2012 and replaces all previous NZTCS lists for vascular plants. Authors: By Peter J. de Lange, Jeremy R. Rolfe, John W. Barkla, Shannel P. Courtney, Paul D. Champion, Leon R. Perrie, Sarah M. Beadel, Kerry A. Ford, Ilse Breitwieser, Ines Schönberger, Rowan Hindmarsh-Walls, Peter B. Heenan and Kate Ladley.
2018 | At Risk – Declining
Previous conservation statuses
2012 | Threatened – Nationally Vulnerable | Qualifiers: EF, SO
2009 | Threatened – Nationally Critical | Qualifiers: SO, DP
2004 | Serious Decline
Indigenous, North, South and Chatham Islands.
Coastal, lowland to montane on cliff faces, rock outcrops, talus slopes, in short tussockland or grassland and in open forest.
Erect, usually hispid, yellow-green to dark reddish green, biennial up to 300-800 mm high (annual in harsh conditions), mostly sparingly branched. Stems and branches glabrescent, deeply ribbed or finely striate. Basal leaves, flaccid, withering at fruiting, glabrous or sparsely covered in stiff hairs, 2-3-pinnate, petioles, 10-150 mm long, expanding toward a ± amplexicaul base, ± glabrous or sparsely covered in stiff hairs (sometimes densely so); primary leaflets in 2-8 pairs, petiolules 4-6 mm long; ultimate segments pinnatisect to pinnatifid, ovate, linear-oblong, linear-spathulate, apices mucronulate; stem leaves similar but reduced. Umbels axillary and terminal, irregularly compound or simple in stressed specimens, on slender or stout hispid peducles up to 170 mm long. Rays 1-11, unequal, primarly up to 160 mm long, secondary up to 15 mm long; bracts (0)-2-5, linear, entire or deeply incised, sometimes pinnatisect, caducous; bracteoles 0-5, simple, linear. Flowers 1-10, c.1 mm diameter, petals white, dirty white or tinged red, withering early and shedding. Fruit ellipsoid, dark brown to red-brown (rarely pale brown), 3-5 mm long; primary ribs sparsely to moderately ciliate; secondary ribs glochidate, glochidia ± 1 mm long, apices capped.
Reduced, stressed plants of wild carrot (Daucus carota) are frequently confused with native carrot. Wild carrot differs from native carrot by its usually taller stature (up to 1.3 m tall), by the regular umbels that are concave at fruiting, and by the more numerous rays. Species of the naturalised genus Torilis (hedge parsley) are also frequently confused with native carrot. Torilis is separated from Daucus by the floral bracts which are either absent or simple, mostly subsessile umbels bearing 2-5 rays, or pedunculate umbels with 2-12 more or less unequal rays. In comparison to wild carrot, Torilis plants are usually much taller (up to 2 m tall) and rather leafier, with the leaves much larger and less divided.
September to February
November - June
Spiny mericarps are dispersed by attachment (Thorsen et al., 2009)
Easily grown from fresh seed. Resents root disturbance so shoudldbe sown where it is wanted. Does best in a free draining, open situation. Treat as an annual
This species appears to have undergone a rapid decline over the last 30 years and is now extinct over large parts of its former range. The reason for this decline is not clear though it is likely that competition from faster growing, and taller weeds, particularly rats tail grass (Sporobolus africanus) is a key factor. Rats tail now dominates most of the northern North Island habitats that used to support native carrot.
daucus: An ancient Greek name
Where To Buy
Not commercially available.
Description based on herbarium specimens.
References and further reading
Thorsen, M. J.; Dickinson, K. J. M.; Seddon, P. J. 2009. Seed dispersal systems in the New Zealand flora. Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics 11: 285-309