Vascular – Native
The National Vegetation Survey (NVS) Databank is a physical archive and electronic databank containing records of over 94,000 vegetation survey plots - including data from over 19,000 permanent plots. NVS maintains a standard set of species code abbreviations that correspond to standard scientific plant names from the Ngä Tipu o Aotearoa - New Zealand Plants database.
Current conservation status
The conservation status of all known New Zealand vascular plant taxa at the rank of species and below were reassessed in 2017 using the New Zealand Threat Classification System (NZTCS). This report includes a statistical summary and brief notes on changes since 2012 and replaces all previous NZTCS lists for vascular plants. Authors: By Peter J. de Lange, Jeremy R. Rolfe, John W. Barkla, Shannel P. Courtney, Paul D. Champion, Leon R. Perrie, Sarah M. Beadel, Kerry A. Ford, Ilse Breitwieser, Ines Schönberger, Rowan Hindmarsh-Walls, Peter B. Heenan and Kate Ladley.
2012 | At Risk – Naturally Uncommon | Qualifiers: SO, Sp
Previous conservation statuses
2009 | At Risk – Naturally Uncommon | Qualifiers: SO
2004 | Sparse
Indigenous. In New Zealand confined to the Kermadec Islands (Raoul Island) and North Island from Te Paki south to Kawhia and Mt Maunganui, and locally around geothermally active sites around Rotorua and Taupo. Widespread from Madagascar east to Australia and across the Pacific.
Usually associated with lowland kauri (Agathis australis (D.Don.) Lindl.) forest but also found in coastal areas and offshore island under pohutukawa (Metrosideros excelsa Sol. ex Gaertn. ) dominated forest (e.g., Mayor (Tuhua) Island). In geothermal areas it is often found under shrubs of Kunzea ericoides var. microflora (G.Simpson) W.Harris.
Tufted, widely creeping fern forming diffuse patches in open, often semi-shaded sparsely vegetated ground; usually arising from within thick leaf litter. Stipes 100-350 x 1.-1.5 mm, brown at base, green to dark green, erect, flattened, flabellate in upper portion with stipe forked 3-6(-8) times, smooth. Laminae at apices of stipe ends, pinnate (fertile), 2-7 mm long, bright green to yellow-green. Pinnae in 5-8 pairs, infolded, 2-4 mm long. Description modified from Brownsey & Smith-Dodsworth 2000.
None. The combination of the dark green, flattened, fan-shaped frond with each stipe end (of the fan) surmounted with a fertile laminae are unique to this species within the New Zealand representatives of the genus.
Not applicable - spore producing
Not applicable - spore producing
Difficult - should not be removed from the wild
Not Threatened. A naturally uncommon, biologically sparse species. It can at times be very common but it is usually found as widely scattered populations. There is little doubt that some populations have declined due to land development and other changes in the surrounding vegetation (e.g., Mt Maunganui)
dichotoma: Forked or divided into pairs
Where To Buy
Not commercially available
Fact sheet prepared for NZPCN by P.J. de Lange July 2005. Description modified from Brownsey & Smith-Dodsworth 2000.
References and further reading
Brownsey, P.J.; Smith-Dodsworth, J.C. 2000: New Zealand Ferns and Allied Plants. Auckland, David Bateman
Please cite as: de Lange, P.J. (Year at time of access): Schizaea dichotoma Fact Sheet (content continuously updated). New Zealand Plant Conservation Network. https://www.nzpcn.org.nz/flora/species/schizaea-dichotoma/ (Date website was queried)