Grammitis ciliata Colenso; Polypodium australe var. villosum (Hook.f.) Cheeseman; Polypodium australe var. ciliata (Colenso) Kirk; Polypodium billardierei var. villosum (Hook.f.) Cheeseman; Polypodium paradoxum Colenso; Grammitis australis var. villosa Hook.f.
Vascular – Native
The National Vegetation Survey (NVS) Databank is a physical archive and electronic databank containing records of over 94,000 vegetation survey plots - including data from over 19,000 permanent plots. NVS maintains a standard set of species code abbreviations that correspond to standard scientific plant names from the Ngä Tipu o Aotearoa - New Zealand Plants database.
Current conservation status
The conservation status of all known New Zealand vascular plant taxa at the rank of species and below were reassessed in 2017 using the New Zealand Threat Classification System (NZTCS). This report includes a statistical summary and brief notes on changes since 2012 and replaces all previous NZTCS lists for vascular plants. Authors: By Peter J. de Lange, Jeremy R. Rolfe, John W. Barkla, Shannel P. Courtney, Paul D. Champion, Leon R. Perrie, Sarah M. Beadel, Kerry A. Ford, Ilse Breitwieser, Ines Schönberger, Rowan Hindmarsh-Walls, Peter B. Heenan and Kate Ladley.
2012 | Not Threatened
Previous conservation statuses
2009 | Not Threatened
2004 | Not Threatened
Endemic. New Zealand: North and South Islands.
Coastal to montane, usually terrestrial on damp earth and clay banks, or rupestral, less commonly epiphytic on both dead and living trees (often on exposed roots and buttresses) in closed forest overlying mostly older sedimentary and metamorphic rocks and volcanics
Terrestrial, rupestral (or rarely a low epiphyte) fern. Rhizome erect to short-creeping; paleae light brown, lanceolate or rarely lanceolate-ovate,acute, rarely obtuse, 1.8-4.8 × 0.25-0.75 mm. Stipe indistinct, winged almost to base; stipe hairs whitish to pale red-brown, sparse to abundant, (0.2-)0.6-1.7mm long. Lamina linear-oblanceolate, acute, (17-)23-55(-95) × (2.0-)2.4-4.4(-6.0) mm; lamina hairs whitish to pale red-brown, sparse to common except in sori where usually abundant and sometimes longer than those elsewhere on the lamina, sometimes absent except in sori, (0.3-)0.6-1.5(-2.0) mm long, lacking shorter abundant marginal hairs as in G. pseudociliata; texture thinly coriaceous; veins ± visible to visible in transmitted light, sometimes raised on upper surface in dried specimens, vein endings not darkened; midrib raised on lower surface, usually darker than lamina. Sori subglobose to oblong, oblique or nearly parallel to midrib, sometimes nearly covering frond under-surface when mature, in middle or middle and upper part of frond, (1-)4-16 pairs, 1.0-4.0 X 1.0-1.5 mm; soral vein not extending beyond sorus, usually shorter than basiscopic vein, neither reaching the margin. Sporangia (150-)166.4-207.0(-260) microns long; indurated cells of annulus (9.0-)10.8-13.0(-16.0). Spores (19.0-)24.0-27.8(-33.0) microns diameter.
Notogrammitis ciliata is recognised by the lamina being < 100 mm long (mostly 25-45 × 2.5-4.5 mm) and bearing scattered marginal hairs which are of comparable length to those in the sorus (the soral hairs in this species are > 0.5 mm, slender, and never hooked). Irrespective Notogrammitis ciliata remains a very variable species with distinct races which may yet deserve taxonomic segregation
Not applicable - spore producing
Not applicable - spore producing
Minute spores are wind dispersed (Thorsen et al., 2009).
Difficult. Should not be removed from the wild
notogrammitis: From the Greek noto- ‘southern’ and gramma ‘line’, referring to this new genus of southern strap ferns which were previously in Grammitis.
ciliata: From the Latin cilia ‘eyelash’, meaning fringed with hairs
Where To Buy
Not commercially available.
The New Zealand species of Grammitis along with Ctenopteris heterophylla and one Australian Grammitis (G. garrettii) one Lord Howe (G. diminuta) and one species endemic to the Moluccas and Indonesian (G. kairatuensis) have traditionally been placed in Grammitis (Parris & Given 1976; Parris 1998). However, these species (with the exception of G. diminuta, G. kairatuensis and G. stenophylla; B.S.Parris pers. comm. to P.J. de Lange January 2011) have now been transferred to a new genus, Notogrammitis Parris (Perrie & Parris 2012).
Fact sheet prepared for NZPCN by P.J. de Lange (Updated 25 April 2011). Description from Parris & Given (1976).
References and further reading
Parris, B.S. 1998: Grammitidaceae. Flora of Australia 48: 450-468.
Parris, B.S.; Given, D.R. 1976: A taxonomic revision of Grammitis Sw. (Grammitidaceae: Filicales) in New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Botany 14: 85-111.
Perrie, L.R.; Parris, B.S. 2012: Chloroplast DNA sequences indicate the grammitid ferns (Polypodiaceae) in New Zealand belong to a single clade, Notogrammitis gen. nov. New Zealand Journal of Botany 50: 457-472.
Thorsen, M. J.; Dickinson, K. J. M.; Seddon, P. J. 2009. Seed dispersal systems in the New Zealand flora. Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics 11: 285-309
NZPCN Fact Sheet citation
Please cite as: de Lange, P.J. (Year at time of access): Notogrammitis ciliata Fact Sheet (content continuously updated). New Zealand Plant Conservation Network. https://www.nzpcn.org.nz/flora/species/notogrammitis-ciliata/ (Date website was queried)