Polypodium patagonicum C.Chr.; Grammitis patagonica (C.Chr.) Parris; Polypodium billardierei var. rigidum (Hombron) Cockayne
Vascular – Native
The National Vegetation Survey (NVS) Databank is a physical archive and electronic databank containing records of over 94,000 vegetation survey plots - including data from over 19,000 permanent plots. NVS maintains a standard set of species code abbreviations that correspond to standard scientific plant names from the Ngä Tipu o Aotearoa - New Zealand Plants database.
2n = 74
Current conservation status
The conservation status of all known New Zealand vascular plant taxa at the rank of species and below were reassessed in 2017 using the New Zealand Threat Classification System (NZTCS). This report includes a statistical summary and brief notes on changes since 2012 and replaces all previous NZTCS lists for vascular plants. Authors: By Peter J. de Lange, Jeremy R. Rolfe, John W. Barkla, Shannel P. Courtney, Paul D. Champion, Leon R. Perrie, Sarah M. Beadel, Kerry A. Ford, Ilse Breitwieser, Ines Schönberger, Rowan Hindmarsh-Walls, Peter B. Heenan and Kate Ladley.
2012 | Not Threatened
Previous conservation statuses
2009 | Not Threatened
2004 | Not Threatened
Indigenous. New Zealand: North, South and Chatham Islands. Also South America (Chile, Argentina)
Montane to alpine. On sheltered rock outcrops and cliff faces in closed forest, subalpine scrub, on talus slopes or in tussock grassland and herbfield
Rupestral (rarely terrestrial) fern. Rhizome long-creeping, rarely short-creeping, sometimes mat-forming, especially when dwarfed; paleae ovate-lanceolate, acute or apiculate, 1.5-3.0 × 4.5-0.75 mm. Stipes marked, (1-)5-20 mm long; stipe hairs usually dark red-brown, rarely paler, abundant, 0.5-3.0 mm long. Lamina (6-)20-70(-130) × (2.0-)2.8-5(-10) mm, linear oblanceolate to linear-spathulate, acute to obtuse; lamina hairs dark red-brown, rarely paler, 0.5-3.0 mm long, absent to common on lamina apart from in sori, where always abundant; texture thinly to thickly coriaceous; veins visible to invisible, endings not darkened; midrib raised somewhat on lower surface, concolorous with or darker than lamina. Sori subglobose to oblong, in upper part of frond, sometimes terminal, 1-12 pairs, 1.0-4.5 × 0.5-2.0 mm, usually confluent when mature; soral vein somewhat longer than sorus, shorter than basiscopic vein, neither reaching margin. Sporangia (230.0-)271.7-338.7(-400.0) microns long; indurated cells of annulus (10-) 11.6-15.6(-21). Spores (30.0-)38.8-49.6(-60.0) microns diameter.
Not applicable - spore producing
Not applicable - spore producing
Minute spores are wind dispersed (Thorsen et al., 2009).
Difficult. Should not be removed from the wild.
notogrammitis: From the Greek noto- ‘southern’ and gramma ‘line’, referring to this new genus of southern strap ferns which were previously in Grammitis.
patagonica: Of Patagonia, South America, from the Latin Patagonicus
Where To Buy
Not commercially available
The New Zealand species of Grammitis along with Ctenopteris heterophylla and one Australian Grammitis (G. garrettii) one Lord Howe (G. diminuta) and one species endemic to the Moluccas and Indonesian (G. kairatuensis) have traditionally been placed in Grammitis (Parris & Given 1976; Parris 1998). However, these species (with the exception of G. diminuta, G. kairatuensis and G. stenophylla; B.S.Parris pers. comm. to P.J. de Lange January 2011) have now been transferred to a new genus, Notogrammitis Parris (Perrie & Parris 2012).
Fact sheet prepared for NZPCN by P.J. de Lange (Updated 2 May 2011). Description from Parris & Given (1976).
References and further reading
Parris, B.S. 1998: Grammitidaceae. Flora of Australia 48: 450-468.
Parris, B.S.; Given, D.R. 1976: A taxonomic revision of Grammitis Sw. (Grammitidaceae: Filicales) in New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Botany 14: 85-111.
Perrie, L.R.; Parris, B.S. 2012: Chloroplast DNA sequences indicate the grammitid ferns (Polypodiaceae) in New Zealand belong to a single clade, Notogrammitis gen. nov. New Zealand Journal of Botany 50: 457-472.
Thorsen, M. J.; Dickinson, K. J. M.; Seddon, P. J. 2009. Seed dispersal systems in the New Zealand flora. Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics 11: 285-309
NZPCN Fact Sheet citation
Please cite as: de Lange, P.J. (Year at time of access): Notogrammitis patagonica Fact Sheet (content continuously updated). New Zealand Plant Conservation Network. https://www.nzpcn.org.nz/flora/species/notogrammitis-patagonica/ (Date website was queried)