Anthosachne kingiana subsp. multiflora
Blue grass, blue wheat grass
Triticum multiflorum Hook.f., Agropyron multiflorum (Hook.f.) Cheeseman, A. kirkii Zotov, A. multiflorum var. longisetum Hack., A. kirkii var. longisetum (Hack.) Zotov, Elymus multiflorus var. longisetus (Hack.) Á.Löve et Connor; Elymus multiflorus (Hook.f.) Á.Löve et Connor subsp. multiflorus; Anthosachne multiflora (Hook.f.) C.Yen et J.L.Yang subsp. multiflora
Vascular – Native
2n = 42
Current conservation status
The conservation status of all known New Zealand vascular plant taxa at the rank of species and below were reassessed in 2017 using the New Zealand Threat Classification System (NZTCS). This report includes a statistical summary and brief notes on changes since 2012 and replaces all previous NZTCS lists for vascular plants. Authors: By Peter J. de Lange, Jeremy R. Rolfe, John W. Barkla, Shannel P. Courtney, Paul D. Champion, Leon R. Perrie, Sarah M. Beadel, Kerry A. Ford, Ilse Breitwieser, Ines Schönberger, Rowan Hindmarsh-Walls, Peter B. Heenan and Kate Ladley.
2018 | At Risk – Declining
Previous conservation statuses
2012 | Data Deficient
2009 | Not Threatened
2004 | Not Threatened
Indigenous. In New Zealand present from the Three Kings Islands south throughout North Island to the South Island from Nelson to Banks Peninsula. Also present in Eastern Australia.
Primarily a coastal species of cliff faces, and rocky ground, utilising rocks of various substrates but showing a decided preference for base-rich substrates such as limestone, calcareous mudstone, siltstone and sandstones, basalt or the zeolite-rich facies of greywacke. On offshore islands it occasionally grows on open clay pans
Tufted, stoloniferous, glaucous to green grass. Leaf-sheath 6-10 mm, striate, glabrous or retrorsely short hairy. Ligule 0.2-0.5 mm, margin frayed. Leaf-blade 100-200 × 2-4 mm, flat bright green or glaucous, ribbed, underside with small antrorse teeth or glabrous, upper with antrorse short hairs or prickle-teeth on ribs, margin shortly prickle-toothed. Culm 300-600(-900) mm, erect, suberect or drooping. Inflorescence 100-250 mm, of up to 6-15 spikelets. Spikelets 14-25 mm, of 7-12 florets. Glumes ± equal, 5-9 mm, 3-5-nerved, keeled, broad, margins papery, ciliate; keel and nerves prickle-toothed, sometimes extending into a short awn. Lemma apex often bifid, awn absent or about length of lemma. Palea 9-12 mm, apex truncate, retuse, ciliate. Rachilla 1-2.5 mm, hairy. Callus 0.75-1 mm, with scattered short hairs. Anthers 3-5 mm, purple or yellow.
Not closely allied to any of the endemic New Zealand species and unlikely to be confused with any of them. Long-awned forms could be confused with short-awned variants of Anthosachne solandri, but the awns in that species are recurved never straight.
Florets are dispersed by wind and attachment (Thorsen et al., 2009).
Easy from fresh seed and rooted pieces. Likes a sunny aspect in free draining soil. The long-awned froms are especially attractive
Not Threatened but there are indications that it is slowly declining from some parts of the North Island (Northland, Auckland and Wellington) due to weed invasion of its habitat. Where it occurs this species needs to be carefully monitored as it may yet warrant formal listing.
multiflora: From late Latin, feminine of multiflorus meaning ‘bearing many flowers’
Where To Buy
Occasionally offered by specialist native plant nurseries
Fact sheet srepared for NZPCN by P.J. de Lange June 2005. Description adapted from Edgar & Connor (2000).
References and further reading
Barkworth, M.E.; Jacobs, S.W.L. 2011: The Triticeae (Gramineae) in Australasia. Telopea 13: 37-56.
Edgar, E.; Connor, H.E. 2000: Flora of New Zealand. Vol. V. Lincoln, Manaaki Whenua Press.
Govaerts, R. 2014: New combinations for Philip Island wheat grass, Anthosachne kingiana subsp. kingiana (Poaceae). Journal of the Adelaide Botanic Gardens 27: 23-24.
Please cite as: de Lange, P.J. (Year at time of access): Anthosachne kingiana subsp. multiflora Fact Sheet (content continuously updated). New Zealand Plant Conservation Network. https://www.nzpcn.org.nz/flora/species/anthosachne-kingiana-subsp-multiflora/ (Date website was queried)