Vascular – Native
Trees & Shrubs - Dicotyledons
The National Vegetation Survey (NVS) Databank is a physical archive and electronic databank containing records of over 94,000 vegetation survey plots - including data from over 19,000 permanent plots. NVS maintains a standard set of species code abbreviations that correspond to standard scientific plant names from the Ngä Tipu o Aotearoa - New Zealand Plants database.
2n = 44
Current conservation status
The conservation status of all known New Zealand vascular plant taxa at the rank of species and below were reassessed in 2017 using the New Zealand Threat Classification System (NZTCS) – more information about this can be found on the NZTCS website. This report includes a statistical summary and brief notes on changes since 2012 and replaces all previous NZTCS lists for vascular plants.
Please note, threat classifications are often suggested by authors when publications fall between NZTCS assessment periods – an interim threat classification status has not been assessed by the NZTCS panel.
- Conservation status of New Zealand indigenous vascular plants, 2017 . 2018. Peter J. de Lange, Jeremy R. Rolfe, John W. Barkla, Shannel P. Courtney, Paul D. Champion, Leon R. Perrie, Sarah M. Beadel, Kerry A. Ford, Ilse Breitwieser, Ines Schönberger, Rowan Hindmarsh-Walls, Peter B. Heenan and Kate Ladley. Department of Conservation. Source: NZTCS and licensed by DOC for reuse under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International licence.
2017 | At Risk – Naturally Uncommon | Qualifiers: RR
Previous conservation statuses
2012 | At Risk – Naturally Uncommon | Qualifiers: RR
2009 | Not Threatened
2004 | Not Threatened
Shrub with pairs of long thin wavy pointed leaves inhabiting upland areas in the vicinity of Coromandel and Great Barrier Island. Leaves 6-14cm long, with small pits at junction of veins, with a small spur between the base of the pairs of leaves. Fruit red, in clusters.
Endemic. Great and Little Barrier Islands, Coromandel Peninsula south to at least Mt Te Aroha
Lowland forest to Alpine scrub, 150-1950 m.a.s.l.
Shrub, 2-3 m tall, with slender, erect, opposite branches arising at narrow angles from the stem. Branchlets slender, green, glabrous. Bark of branches reddish brown; branchlets sometimes whorled. Leaves on slender petioles approximately 10-20 mm long. Stipules triangular, denticle prominent. Lamina bright green above, not shining, paler below, thinly coriaceous, narrow-obovate to obovate, acute to obtuse, midrib mucronulately produced; gradually narrowed to petiole; (65-) 100-110 (-120) x (20-) 30-35 mm; margins waved to subundulate. Reticulated nerves more or less evident on both surfaces. Male flower clusters of up to 7-9, corolla conspicuous, lobes triangular, acute, stamens 4-5, prominent. Female flower in clusters of 3 on peduncles approximately 10-20 mm long; calyx-teeth rather long, acute; corolla not seen. Drupe orange-red, oblong, 6-9 mm. long.
Manaaki Whenua Online Interactive Key
Coprosma tenuifolia has hairy leaf margins and midvein on upper surface; geographically more southern species, from Pirongia in the west and Raukumara Range in the east, the Tararua Range in the South.
Fleshy drupes are dispersed by frugivory (Thorsen et al., 2009).
coprosma: From the Greek kopros ‘dung’ and osme ‘smell’, referring to the foul smell of the species, literally ‘dung smell’
dodonaeifolia: Dodonaeifolia: from ‘dodonaea’ genus named after Dodonaeus, the Latinised name of Rembert Dodoens (1517-1588), a Belgian botanist; and Latin ‘folium’ meaning leaf, having leaves like Dodonaea.
Description adapted by M. Ward from Allan (1961).
References and further reading
Allan, H. H. 1961. Flora of New Zealand. Vol. 1. Wellington: Government Printer. pg. 585.
Thorsen, M. J.; Dickinson, K. J. M.; Seddon, P. J. 2009. Seed dispersal systems in the New Zealand flora. Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics 11: 285-309