Vascular – Exotic
The National Vegetation Survey (NVS) Databank is a physical archive and electronic databank containing records of over 94,000 vegetation survey plots - including data from over 19,000 permanent plots. NVS maintains a standard set of species code abbreviations that correspond to standard scientific plant names from the Ngä Tipu o Aotearoa - New Zealand Plants database.
Caespitose perennial with shoots swollen and white at base, and open purplish panicle, branching intravaginal. Sheath to 5cm, scabrid near ligule and on upper margins, becoming glabrous below. Ligule to 1.5mm, decurrent, symmetrical or asymmetrical, rounded or apiculate, short-hairy or scabrid. Leaf-blade to 35cm x .5mm diam., inrolled, appearing terete, very stiff, acicular, abaxially antrorsely scabrid, adaxially clothed in short dense hairs; margins smooth. Culm to 70cm, glabrous except for hairs above and below nodes. Panicle to 25cm, open, much-branched, drooping, at maturity readily detaching with culm and blowing freely; rachis, branches and pedicels scabrid. Glumes nearly equal, 5~8mm, deeply purple-suffused, 3-nerved, produced into awn approx. 2mm, nerves and margins stiff-hairy. Lemma to 2.5mm, 5-nerved, gibbous, tubercular-scabrid except on margin, lobes short, apiculate; coma present; awn tardily caducous to 35mm, weakly 1-geniculate, short stiff-hairy, column loosely twisted, to 15mm, arista to 20mm. Palea approx. 1mm, completely enclosed by lemma, glabrous, hyaline, weakly bifid at apex. Callus to .3mm, blunt, hairs to 1.5mm. Lodicules 2, to 1mm in chasmogamous flowers, to .6mm in cleistogamous flowers. Anthers penicillate, in chasmogamous flowers to 2mm; in cleistogamous flowers 1 fertile anther to .7mm, and 2 aborted anthers to .3mm. (Edgar & Connor, 2000)
Finely serrated leaves give a rough feeling to the leaves. Fine feathery panicle with a purplish tinge.
October, November, December
Perennial. Reproduces by seed only. Dispersed by wind, up to 16km from the mother plant. The seeds, aided by the roughened seed coat and the tufts of hairs at the base, also cling to wool, bags, clothing etc. Seeds are also spread on machinery, in hay, mud and the droppings of animals.
Reason for introduction
National Pest Plant Accord species
This plant is listed in the 2020 National Pest Plant Accord. The National Pest Plant Accord (NPPA) is an agreement to prevent the sale and/or distribution of specified pest plants where either formal or casual horticultural trade is the most significant way of spreading the plant in New Zealand. For up to date information and an electronic copy of the 2020 Pest Plant Accord manual (including plant information and images) visit the MPI website.