Asplenium appendiculatum subsp. maritimum
Asplenium terrestre subsp. maritimum Brownsey; Asplenium flaccidum var. littoralis Dobbie
Vascular – Native
2n = 288
Current conservation status
The conservation status of all known New Zealand vascular plant taxa at the rank of species and below were reassessed in 2017 using the New Zealand Threat Classification System (NZTCS). This report includes a statistical summary and brief notes on changes since 2012 and replaces all previous NZTCS lists for vascular plants. Authors: By Peter J. de Lange, Jeremy R. Rolfe, John W. Barkla, Shannel P. Courtney, Paul D. Champion, Leon R. Perrie, Sarah M. Beadel, Kerry A. Ford, Ilse Breitwieser, Ines Schönberger, Rowan Hindmarsh-Walls, Peter B. Heenan and Kate Ladley.
2012 | Not Threatened
Previous conservation statuses
2009 | Not Threatened
2004 | Not Threatened
Endemic. New Zealand: North and South Islands – mainly around the Cook Strait but known as far south as Banks Peninsula and Kahurangi Point, and as far north as the Waitakere coastline, west of Auckland.
Coastal. Usually on exposed cliffs and rocks subject to salt spray, or amongst coastal scrub.
Rhizome short, erect, bearing dark brown subulate scales up to 15 × 2 mm. Stipes 50-150 mm long, brown below, green above, covered in subulate to narrowly triangular scales with long filiform apices. Laminae relatively short and broad, elliptic, 100-250 × 70-200 mm, dark green, leathery or very thick and fleshy, slightly stiff and upright, bi- to tripinnate. Raches green, scaly, prominently ridged. Pinnae 7-15 pairs, those at the base ovate, those above very narrowly ovate, acute, stalked, 30-100 × 5-30 mm, covered on underside in tiny scales. Upper pinnules linear, acute, entire and sessile; lower pinnules ovate to elliptic and pinnatifid, up to 20 × 10 mm. Sori submarginal, 2-7 mm long.
Differs from Asplenium flaccidum G.Forst. by its strict terrestrial growth habit, being octoploid (2n = 288) rather than tetraploid (2n = 144) and by having a more or less erect frond and a larger spore size. It can be distinguished from A. haurakiense (Brownsey) Ogle by its allopatric distribution, and by the lack of a greatly elongated basal acroscopic pinnule on each pinna. Asplenium appendiculatum (Labill.) C.Presl subsp. appendiculatum differs from subsp. maritimum by its preference for inland habitats, somewhat larger, lanceolate to elliptic fronds which tend to droop, more pinnae pairs, with those at the base ovate, and those above very narrowly ovate or elliptic, often with long relatively undivided acuminate tips; and by the lower pinnules being larger, and narrowly elliptic and pinnatifid to pinnate
Not applicable - spore producing
Not applicable - spore producing
Easily grown. A very attractive fern which can be rather slow growing. Best in a large pot or planted in a deep, rich, moist soil in semi-shade. Prone to scale and mealy bug infections.
asplenium: From the Greek a- ‘without’ and splene ‘spleen’, a northern hemisphere species, the black spleenwort (Asplenium adiantum-nigrum), was once believed to be a cure for diseases of the spleen.
appendiculatum: Appendiculate, with small appendages or projections, hanging in small fragments
maritimum: From the Latin mare ‘sea’, meaning growing on the sea shore
Fact Sheet prepared for NZPCN by P.J. de Lange (3 February 2005): Description from: Brownsey (1977)
References and further reading
Brownsey, P.J. 1977: A taxonomic revision of the New Zealand species of Asplenium. New Zealand Journal of Botany 15: 39-86.
Please cite as: de Lange, P.J. (Year at time of access): Asplenium appendiculatum subsp. maritimum Fact Sheet (content continuously updated). New Zealand Plant Conservation Network. https://www.nzpcn.org.nz/flora/species/asplenium-appendiculatum-subsp-maritimum/ (Date website was queried)