Lagenophora montana Hook.f. auct. non. N.Z. authors; Lagenifera montana Hook.f. auct. non. N.Z. authors, Lagenifera stipitata var. montana (Hook.f.) Cabrera auct.non. N.Z. authors
Vascular – Native
Herbs - Dicotyledonous composites
The National Vegetation Survey (NVS) Databank is a physical archive and electronic databank containing records of over 94,000 vegetation survey plots - including data from over 19,000 permanent plots. NVS maintains a standard set of species code abbreviations that correspond to standard scientific plant names from the Ngä Tipu o Aotearoa - New Zealand Plants database.
2n = 18
Current conservation status
The threat classification status of all known New Zealand vascular plant taxa at the rank of species and below were reassessed in 2017 using the New Zealand Threat Classification System (NZTCS) – more information about this can be found on the NZTCS website This report includes a statistical summary and brief notes on changes since 2012 and replaces all previous NZTCS lists for vascular plants. Authors: By Peter J. de Lange, Jeremy R. Rolfe, John W. Barkla, Shannel P. Courtney, Paul D. Champion, Leon R. Perrie, Sarah M. Beadel, Kerry A. Ford, Ilse Breitwieser, Ines Schönberger, Rowan Hindmarsh-Walls, Peter B. Heenan and Kate Ladley. Please note, threat classifications are often suggested by authors when publications fall between NZTCS assessment periods – a suggested threat classification status has not been assessed by the NZTCS panel.
2018 | Threatened – Nationally Critical
Previous conservation statuses
2017 | Threatened – Nationally Critical | Qualifiers: DP, SO, Sp
2012 | Threatened – Nationally Endangered | Qualifiers: DP, SO, Sp
2009 | Threatened – Nationally Endangered | Qualifiers: DP, SO, Sp
2004 | Data Deficient
Endemic. New Zealand: North Island (South Auckland, Hawkes Bay and Wellington), South Island (Nelson, Marlborough, Canterbury, Otago and Southland).
Montane, subalpine to alpine seeps, cushion bogs, swamps, lake and tarn margins, wet tussock grassland and stream banks, or on damp, shaded rock shelves amongst mosses. Mostly at 600-900m altitude, occasionally lower.
Perennial rhizomatous herb. Roots fibrous and wiry, deeply descending, 0.5–1 mm diameter; rhizomes spreading through soil, up to 8 cm long. Stems erect and elongated with leaves loosely attached. Leaves 4–8 per stem, alternate along stem; petioles slender (with winged bases), 10–17 × 0.4–0.6 mm; lamina obovate, oblanceolate or elliptical, 8–14 × 4–6 mm, base attenuate, apex obtuse often with midrib extending as a minute apiculus 0.1–0.2 mm long; leaf margins denticulate, occasionally entire or with 4–6 minute teeth, each tooth 0.2–0.4 mm long; adaxial surface bright green, abaxial surface lighter green, both surfaces glabrescent or finely, sparingly hairy, sericeous especially on the margins, hairs c. 0.1 mm long, translucent, patent; lateral veins obscure on dried material on both surfaces. Scapes terete, 1 per tuft, finely channelled, green with base sometimes tinged maroon, up to 140 mm long, 0.4–0.6 mm wide at anthesis, slightly longer at fruiting stage, glabrous in lower third to two-thirds otherwise finely hairy near or below capitulum; hairs c. 0.1 mm long, appressed, antrorse; bracts 1–2(–3), pale green, 1(–1.5) mm long, 0.2–0.4 mm wide, narrowly lanceolate, to deltoid, glabrous or occasionally furnished with a few minute, white, appressed, antrorse hairs. Capitula 2.5–3.5 mm long, 4–7 mm diameter; involucral bracts 31–48(–58) in 4–5 rows, the out 2(–3) rows initially widely and unevenly spaced, the uppermost row ±forming an open, widely-spaced whorl, bracts deltoid, 1–1.3 × 0.25–0.4 mm, glabrous, greenish, with stout midrib, erect or weakly spreading with upper third partially recurved, margins entire, upper third finely dentate, teeth greenish or maroon/purple, up to 6 either side, not paired, uneven and unequally spaced; the bracts of inner 2(–3) series, oblong, apex subacute to obtuse, with prominent midrib, ±glabrous except for margins; margins ciliate in distal third, cilia purple, with globular apices, 1.9–2.5 × 0.5–0.6 mm. Receptacle convex, 0.8–1.5 mm diameter and 0.4–0.5 mm high. Ray florets 30–50 in 2(–3) rows; tube 0.48–0.6 × 0.2–0.25 mm, ±glandular hairy; style branches initially white, maturing cream with maroon-tinged apices, 0.5–0.8 mm long; ligules1.8-2.0 × 0.3-0.4mm with 1(–3) longitudinal obscure veins, tightly coiled, white, often tinged mauve, apex obtuse, or notched. Disc florets 16–20(–22), corolla tubular, 1–1.5 mm long, cream, outer surface sparsely furnished with short glandular hairs, lobes 5, deltate, 0.4–0.5 × 0.2–0.4 mm, apices maroon or pink; stamens 5, 0.8–1 mm long (anthers c. 0.4 mm long, filament c. 0.3 mm long); style branches, white, apices tinged maroon, 0.4–0.5 mm long; ovary sterile, 0.8–1.4 mm long. Cypselas narrowly obovate-elliptic to obovate, compressed, 1.7–1.9 × 0.6–0.7 mm excluding beak; apex rounded to beak; base cuneate; margins with an obtuse rib; surface orange-brown, red-brown to purple-brown at maturity, with a light yellow margin, glabrous throughout; glands densely and evenly scattered along both dorsal and ventral margins, denser on beak and toward basal areas of both faces; beak (0.5–)0.6–1.1 mm long, densely covered with glands, with a white annular collar at its apex, c. 0.2 mm diameter.
Lagenifera barkeri and L. cuneata are similar from these L. schmidiae can be distinguished by its very long, slender and wiry scapes with minute, white, pinkish or purple flowers and membranous, glabrate or glabrous usually bright green leaves. Lagenifera barkerii has obvious leaf hairs, consistently white flowers, and slightly pointed leaves while L. cuneata has white flowers, hairy leaves and grows in drier habitats.
October - April
December - June
Easily grown by division of whole plants. Fresh seed if available should germinate easily.
Field records and herbarium specimens indicate that Lagenophora schmidae is extremely uncommon (de Lange & Wang 2021). The species is easily overlooked, known from very few post 1980 collections, and the majority of those have been made from sites that are now choked with or threatened by weeds.
lagenophora: From the Latin lagen ‘bottle or flask’ and –phora a Greek suffix denoting a carrier, possibly referring to the urceolate (urn-shaped) cypsela.
schmidiae: After Luzie M.H. Schmid (1999−) from Regensburg, Bavaria, Germany.
The correct spelling of the genus has been the matter of some debate. Drury (1974) argued that the naming author of the genus Cassini had first spelled the genus as Lagenifera in 1816, and that this spelling therefore took priority over his later Lagenophora (proposed in 1818). Nevertheless Nicolson (1996) put forward a proposal to reject the earlier Lagenifera in favour of Lagenophora, and this proposal was accepted under the Vienna Code (see Art. 14.11 & App. III 2006). Nevertheless this ruling was accidentally overlooked by New Zealand botanists until it was drawn to their attention in 2013 (P. J. de Lange pers. comm. August 2013).
Lagenophora schmidiae has previously been referred to the Australian L. montana (de Lange & Wang 2021). Recently, de Lange & Wang (2021) showed that the New Zealand plants though allied to L. montana are not that species but a new endemic species which they described as L. schmidiae.
Fact sheet prepared for NZPCN by P.J. de Lange (31 October 2021). Description from de Lange & Wang (2021).
References and further reading
de Lange P.J., Wang J. 2021. Lagenophora schmidiae (Asteraceae), a critically threatened new species from Aotearoa / New Zealand. Ukrainian Botanical Journal 78(5): 319–326.
Drury, D.G. 1974: A Broadly Based Taxonomy of Lagenifera Section Lagenifera and Solenogyne (Compositae-Astereae), with an Account of their Species in New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Botany 12: 365-395
Nicolson, D.H. 1996: (1233) Proposal to conserve the name Lagenophora (Compositae) with a conserved spelling. Taxon 45: 341-342
NZPCN Fact Sheet citation
Please cite as: de Lange, P.J. (Year at time of access): Lagenophora schmidiae Fact Sheet (content continuously updated). New Zealand Plant Conservation Network. https://www.nzpcn.org.nz/flora/species/lagenophora-schmidiae/ (Date website was queried)