Leptinella atrata subsp. luteola
yellow scree button daisy
Cotula atrata subsp. luteola D.G.Lloyd
Vascular – Native
Herbs - Dicotyledonous composites
2n = 52
Current conservation status
The conservation status of all known New Zealand vascular plant taxa at the rank of species and below were reassessed in 2017 using the New Zealand Threat Classification System (NZTCS). This report includes a statistical summary and brief notes on changes since 2012 and replaces all previous NZTCS lists for vascular plants. Authors: By Peter J. de Lange, Jeremy R. Rolfe, John W. Barkla, Shannel P. Courtney, Paul D. Champion, Leon R. Perrie, Sarah M. Beadel, Kerry A. Ford, Ilse Breitwieser, Ines Schönberger, Rowan Hindmarsh-Walls, Peter B. Heenan and Kate Ladley.
2012 | At Risk – Naturally Uncommon | Qualifiers: RR, Sp
Previous conservation statuses
2009 | At Risk – Naturally Uncommon
2004 | Range Restricted
Endemic. South Island from Eastern Marlborough to North Canterbury
Subalpine to alpine (> 1000 m a.s.l.) in open, mobile, sparsely vegetated screes.
Fleshy, monoecious, perennial herb producing 1 or more summer green leaf tufts amongst mobile scree. Rhizomes ascending, at or close to rock surface when young, becoming deeply buried with age, up to 10 mm long, thick, very fleshy, pale or pinkish-red, sparsely short-hairy, glabrate; branches often in clusters of up to 4 diverging from a flowering node and the nodes immediately behind, most of these dying in the first season, leaves usually crowded around rhizome apex, sometimes up to 25 mm apart. Roots numerous, fleshy, very long, extensively branching, thick up to 2 mm diameter. leaves 2-pinnatifid, 20-80 x 5-13 mm; blade 15-60 mm long, obovate, coriaceous and fleshy, grey-green tinged with red, especially on the primary and secondary axes, sparsely pilose hairy, midrib not raised on ventral surface; pinnae 5-10 pairs, cut to rhachis, distal ones close-set, broadly elliptic and divided, reducing to distant oblong simple proximal pinnae; secondary pinnae 0-5 per pinna, equally on distal and proximal sides, cut to midrib of pinna, triangular to oblong flat or scarcely upturned, with rounded apices, flat or upturned, occasionally with 1-2 small lobes on either side. Peduncles scarcely longer than leaves, 30-120 mm, stout, fleshy, pilose hairy with 4-10 evenly spaced bracts; simple, oblong or with 1-3 lobes on either side. Capitula 5-13 mm diameter, surface paraboloid (steeply convex); involucre flat; involucral bracts unequally 2-3-seriate, overtopped by mature florets, grey-green tinged pink or red, more or less pilose hairy, outer bracts exceeding florets, thick, simple, oblong, margin entire, gradually changing to thinner, simple obovate inner involucral bracts whose margins are finely scarious, receptacle conical; pistillate florets 100-240 in several rows, 3.25-3.75 mm long, straight, yellow; corolla 5 times as long as wide, teeth reddish brown conspicuous, equal and diverging; staminate florets equal in number. Stigmas clearly exserted, not retracting after anthesis. Cypsela 1.8-2.8 x 0.8-1 mm, slightly compressed, pale brown or dark brown, deeply wrinked when mature
Differs from L. atrata (Hook.f.) D.G.Lloyd et C.Webb subsp. atrata by the yellow rather than dark red almost black flowers, leaves whose distal pinnae are not overlapping and whose secondary pinnae are flat rather than upturned. Differs from L. dendyi (Cockayne) D.G.Lloyd et C.Webb by the smaller capitula (up to 12 cf 20 mm), dark red to almost black rather than yellow with red-tipped florets, paraboloid rather than flat receptacle, and monoecious rather than gynodioecious flowers.
November - January
January - April
Difficult - should not be removed from the wild.
Apparently a very localised,narrow-range endemic known from only a few locations. No evidence of decline has been reported.
leptinella: From the Greek word leptos (meaning slender, thin or delicate), referring to the ovary
atrata: From the Greek ater ‘black’
luteola: From the Latin luteo ‘yellow’, meaning ‘pale yellow’
Where To Buy
Not commercially available
Fact sheet prepared for NZPCN by P.J. de Lange 31 August 2006. Description from Lloyd (1972) - as Cotula atrata subsp. luteola
References and further reading
Lloyd, D.G. 1972: A revision of the New Zealand, Subantarctic, and South American species of Cotula, section Leptinella. New Zealand Journal of Botany 10: 277-372.
Please cite as: de Lange, P.J. (Year at time of access): Leptinella atrata subsp. luteola Fact Sheet (content continuously updated). New Zealand Plant Conservation Network. https://www.nzpcn.org.nz/flora/species/leptinella-atrata-subsp-luteola/ (Date website was queried)