Eugenia obcordata Raoul, Myrtus obcordata (Raoul) Hook.f.
Vascular – Native
Dicotyledonous Trees & Shrubs
The National Vegetation Survey (NVS) Databank is a physical archive and electronic databank containing records of over 94,000 vegetation survey plots - including data from over 19,000 permanent plots. NVS maintains a standard set of species code abbreviations that correspond to standard scientific plant names from the Ngä Tipu o Aotearoa - New Zealand Plants database.
2n = 22
Current conservation status
The conservation status of all known New Zealand vascular plant taxa at the rank of species and below were reassessed in 2017 using the New Zealand Threat Classification System (NZTCS). This report includes a statistical summary and brief notes on changes since 2012 and replaces all previous NZTCS lists for vascular plants. Authors: By Peter J. de Lange, Jeremy R. Rolfe, John W. Barkla, Shannel P. Courtney, Paul D. Champion, Leon R. Perrie, Sarah M. Beadel, Kerry A. Ford, Ilse Breitwieser, Ines Schönberger, Rowan Hindmarsh-Walls, Peter B. Heenan and Kate Ladley.
2018 | Threatened – Nationally Critical
Previous conservation statuses
2012 | Not Threatened
2009 | Not Threatened
2004 | Not Threatened
Bushy shrub with a corded smooth trunk under flakes of bark bearing small thick heart-shaped leaves. Leaves 5-10mm long, with a distinct notch at tip. Flowers white, single, 6mm wide, with many filaments from white glossy centre, on a stalk to 20mm long. Fruit red to black.
Endemic. North and South Islands. Patchy and often absent over large parts of the country. More common in the eastern North and South island though locally prominent in some parts of western Northland and Auckland.
Coastal to montane in forest - though mostly found in coastal and lowland forested habitats. Lophomyrtus obcordata is often rather local over large parts of its North Island range though it seems to be reasonably common on the Pouto, Kaipara and Awhitu Peninsulas where it grows on stable sand dunes in a forest dominated by Kunzea amathicola (known as rawiritoa to northern Maori (de Lange 2014)). Lophomyrtus obcordata is also occasionally dominant in alluvial forest remnants of the eastern South Island. In these places it is often parasitised by the dwarf mistletoe Korthalsella lindsayi.
Shrub up to c.6 m tall. Trunk slender, up to 02 m diameter. Bark greyish pink, chartaceous, flaking in large, irregular shards, underbark pale cream. Branches numerous, erect, compactly branched to spreading. Branchlets intially 4-angled maturing subterete, rather brittle, minutely pubescent. Leaves opposite (sometimes in fascicles), coriaceous, puberulent when young (hairs patent), becoming glabrous with age, glandular punctate, oil glands colourless, leaf lamina and petioles shortly decurrent with branchlet; petiole 0.7-1.0 mm long, brittle; leaf lamina 5-12 × 5-10 mm, obcordate, cuneately narrowed to base, adaxially dark green to grey-green (sometimes tinged red), paler beneath (sometimes tinged pink). Flowers 4-merous, 6-8 mm diameter, borne in axillary, solitary monads on slender, 10-14(-20) mm long, pubescent pedicels. Hypanthium subturbinate, not extending beyond ovary summit, glandular punctate, oild glands colourless (rarely pink tinged), calyx lobes 4, 1.0-1.8 mm long, persistent, spreading, pubescent, oblong, acute. Petals 6-8 × 5-8 mm, suborbicular, white, margins entire to slightly irregular, oil glands colourless. Stamens 60-80(-100 or more), free, in 4 weakly defined whorls, filaments 6-8 mm long, anthers cream, dorsifixed, latrorse. Ovary inferior, 2-3-locular, ovules numerous, in a single row on each linear placenta. Style 6-8 mm long, slender, white, stigma capitate, scarcely dilated. Fruit a broadly ovate, bright to dark red (rarely black or violet) 6-7 mm long berry. Seeds numerous, reniform, 2.0-4.3 mm diameter, testa pale brown, glossy ± smooth, very hard.
Lophomyrtus bullata differs from L. obcordata by having much larger, distinctly bullate (“bubbly”) suborbicular rather than non-bullate obcordate leaves. Neomyrtus pedunculata could be confused with Lophomyrtus obcordata but it has obovate-oblong to obovate rather than obcordate leaves, and 5-merous flowers. Often in places where the ranges of Lophomyrtus bullata and L. obcordata overlap the hybrid L. ×ralphii can be found (and sometimes only this hybrid is present the parents presumably having died out for that area). Like Lophomyrtus bullata the hybrid has suborbicular leaves, only smaller (up to 16 × 12 mm), and less distinctly or weakly bullate. It is fully fertile and often forms introgressive hybrid swarms. Lophomyrtus ×ralphii is popular in cultivation.
November - March
January - May
Easily grown from fresh seed. Can also be grown from semi-hardwood and hardwood cuttings. Lophomyrtus obcordata is an attractive and remarkably hardy shrub that does well in a wide range of situations. of the two species in the genus, L. obcordata is more commonly grown and sold by nuseries though even then it is still surpassed in nurseries by the diversity of freakish forms and variegated mutants derived from the hybrid L. ×ralphii (L. bullata × L. obcordata). Myrtle rust (Austropuccinia psidii) however now poses a serious threat to this species both in the wild and in cultivation.
Seriously threatened by the arrival of myrtle rust (Austropuccinia psidii) in New Zealand (de Lange et al. 2018)
lophomyrtus: From the Greek lophos (crest) and myrtus (myrtle)
obcordata: Heart-shaped and notched at the tip
Fact sheet including description prepared for NZPCN by P.J. de Lange 9 February 2011. Seed description modified from Webb & Simpson (2001).
References and further reading
de Lange, P.J. 2014: A revision of the New Zealand Kunzea ericoides (Myrtaceae) complex. PhytoKeys 40: 1-185.
de Lange P.J., Rolfe J.R., Barkla J.W., Courtney S.P., Champion, P.D., Perrie, L.R., Beadel S.M., Ford K.A., Breitwieser I., Schönberger I., Hindmarsh-Walls R., Heenan P.B., Ladley K. 2018. Conservation status of New Zealand indigenous vascular plants. 2017. New Zealand Threat Classification Series, 22: 1–82.
Webb, C.J.; Simpson, M.J.A. 2001: Seeds of New Zealand Gymnosperms and Dicotyledons. Christchurch, Manuka Press.
Please cite as: de Lange, P.J. (Year at time of access): Lophomyrtus obcordata Fact Sheet (content continuously updated). New Zealand Plant Conservation Network. https://www.nzpcn.org.nz/flora/species/lophomyrtus-obcordata/ (Date website was queried)