Castle Hill forget-me not
Exarrhena colensoi Kirk, M. decora Kirk
Vascular – Native
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than Composites
The National Vegetation Survey (NVS) Databank is a physical archive and electronic databank containing records of over 94,000 vegetation survey plots - including data from over 19,000 permanent plots. NVS maintains a standard set of species code abbreviations that correspond to standard scientific plant names from the Ngä Tipu o Aotearoa - New Zealand Plants database.
2n = 46
Current conservation status
The conservation status of all known New Zealand vascular plant taxa at the rank of species and below were reassessed in 2017 using the New Zealand Threat Classification System (NZTCS). This report includes a statistical summary and brief notes on changes since 2012 and replaces all previous NZTCS lists for vascular plants. Authors: By Peter J. de Lange, Jeremy R. Rolfe, John W. Barkla, Shannel P. Courtney, Paul D. Champion, Leon R. Perrie, Sarah M. Beadel, Kerry A. Ford, Ilse Breitwieser, Ines Schönberger, Rowan Hindmarsh-Walls, Peter B. Heenan and Kate Ladley.
2012 | Threatened – Nationally Critical | Qualifiers: RR
Previous conservation statuses
2009 | Threatened – Nationally Critical | Qualifiers: RR
2004 | Threatened – Nationally Endangered
Eastern South Island: South Marlborough to Canterbury.
Limestone talus and thin soils over limestone rock. Most common in open areas of relatively fine limestone debris.
Perennial herb forming small cushions or loose mats on open limestone rock, regolith and associated rendzina soils. Leaves in dense, many-leaved rosettes. Petiole short and broad. Rosette-leaves 20-40 x 5-10 mm, grey-green to silvery-grey above, pale green beneath, lanceolate, apex subacute, base cuneate to attenuate; upper surface covered with tightly appressed, more or less overlapping, intermingled short and long straight hairs, lower surface, sparsely hairy to glabrescent or glabrous; hairs when present, appressed, more or less of equal length. Lateral branches decumbent, 40-80 mm long, leafy, internodes < leaves. Stem leaves and bracts oblong, 10 x 2-3(-5) mm, upper most sessile; hairs as for rosette leaves. Inflorescence cymose, with cymes usually simple, few- to many-flowered. Internodes 2-3 mm. pedicels 2-3 mm. Calyx 5 mm when flowering elongating to 7 mm in fruit; lobes 2-3 mm, broad, subacute, surface covered with appressed, short and long straight hairs of almost equal proportions, intermingled Flowers white. Corolla 8-12 mm diameter, tube 5 mm long, cylindric, corolla-lobes, 3 x 2.5-3 mm, recurved; filaments short, anthers 2 mm long, tips just protruding above scales. Style up to 10 mm long, stigma capitate. Nutlets 1.4-1.7 x 0.8-1.2 mm, ovate to ovate-elliptic, black, surface glossy.
From the other Myosotis species present in New Zealand, M. colensoi can be recognised by its ecological preference for open limestone rock and associated soils, its densely leafy, cushions or mat-forming habit, grey-green to silvery-grey leaves, and rather large, short-stalked, white flowers. It has a superficial similarity of M. cheesemanii because both species have a low cushion to mat-forming habit, and rather leafy, appressed lateral branches. However in M. colensoi the lateral branches extend well beyond the rosette leaves, while those of M. cheesemanii are very short and so hidden within the rosette-leaves of this densely packed cushion-forming plant. The leaves of M. cheesemanii are 12 x 5 mm, elliptic, greener with the upper surface clad in closely appressed, overlapping hairs of equal length.
October - January
December - February
An ideal and attractive rock-garden or pot plant. Easily grown from rooted pieces and fresh seed. Best kept in a small pot or planted in a sunny, free draining soil enriched with lime. Will not tolerate humidity, excessive soil moisture or competition from weeds. This is one of the few New Zealand forget-me-nots that is commonly cultivated. In good conditions it often throws seedlings.
Threatened throughout its range by weeds such as hawkweeds (Pilosella spp.), and grasses such as Festuca rubra, browntop (Agrostis capillaris) and cocksfoot (Dactylis glomerata). Although generally not browsed by animals, plants are often dug out by rabbits, or killed through trampling. Recreational rcok climbers pose a minor threat to some of of the populations at Castle Hill. The greater part of the Castle Hill population is on private land, where it may be vulnerable to changing land use practises and potential quarrying for limestone.
colensoi: Named after William Colenso (7 November 1811 - 10 February 1899) who was a Cornish Christian missionary to New Zealand, and also a printer, botanist, explorer and politician.
Where To Buy
Occasionally available from specialist native plant nurseries and some main, more general garden centres.
Fact Sheet prepared for NZPCN by P.J. de Lange (1 February 2008). Description based on Allan (1961)
References and further reading
Allan, H.H. 1961: Flora of New Zealand. Vol. I. Goverment Printer, Wellington.
NZPCN Fact Sheet citation
Please cite as: de Lange, P.J. (Year at time of access): Myosotis colensoi Fact Sheet (content continuously updated). New Zealand Plant Conservation Network. https://www.nzpcn.org.nz/flora/species/myosotis-colensoi/ (Date website was queried)