Banks Peninsula hebe
Veronica parviflora var. strictissima Kirk, Veronica leiophylla var. strictissima (Kirk) Cockayne, Hebe leiophylla var. strictissima (Kirk) Cockayne et Allan, Hebe strictissima (Kirk) L.B.Moore
Vascular – Native
Trees & Shrubs - Dicotyledons
The National Vegetation Survey (NVS) Databank is a physical archive and electronic databank containing records of over 94,000 vegetation survey plots - including data from over 19,000 permanent plots. NVS maintains a standard set of species code abbreviations that correspond to standard scientific plant names from the Ngä Tipu o Aotearoa - New Zealand Plants database.
2n = 80
Current conservation status
The conservation status of all known New Zealand vascular plant taxa at the rank of species and below were reassessed in 2017 using the New Zealand Threat Classification System (NZTCS) – more information about this can be found on the NZTCS website. This report includes a statistical summary and brief notes on changes since 2012 and replaces all previous NZTCS lists for vascular plants.
Please note, threat classifications are often suggested by authors when publications fall between NZTCS assessment periods – an interim threat classification status has not been assessed by the NZTCS panel.
- Conservation status of New Zealand indigenous vascular plants, 2017 . 2018. Peter J. de Lange, Jeremy R. Rolfe, John W. Barkla, Shannel P. Courtney, Paul D. Champion, Leon R. Perrie, Sarah M. Beadel, Kerry A. Ford, Ilse Breitwieser, Ines Schönberger, Rowan Hindmarsh-Walls, Peter B. Heenan and Kate Ladley. Department of Conservation. Source: NZTCS and licensed by DOC for reuse under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International licence.
2017 | At Risk – Naturally Uncommon | Qualifiers: RR
Previous conservation statuses
2012 | At Risk – Naturally Uncommon | Qualifiers: RR
2009 | At Risk – Naturally Uncommon
2004 | Not Threatened
Bushy shrub bearing pairs of long narrow leaves and spikes of white flowers inhabiting Banks Peninsula. Leaves to 49mm long by 8mm wide, hardly narrowing to blunt tip, margin hairy (lens needed). Leaf bud with no gap at base. Flower spikes to 11cm long.
Endemic, South Island. Banks Peninsula and the Port Hills.
Grows mostly in open areas on banks and bluffs, or in scrub.
Bushy shrub to 2.5 m tall. Branches erect, old stems brown or grey; branchlets olive-green or red-brown, minutely puberulent (usually) or glabrous, hairs bifarious; internodes (1-) 2-13 (-18) mm; leaf decurrencies evident to obscure (often with narrow ridges along medial line and margins). Leaf bud distinct; sinus absent. Leaves erecto-patent to patent; lamina linear-lanceolate or narrowly oblong, subcoriaceous, flat or concave, (9-) 16-41 (-49) x 3-7 (-8) mm; apex acute to subacute or shortly apiculate; 2 lateral secondary veins sometimes evident at base of fresh leaves; margin sometimes more or less cartilaginous, usually eglandular puberulent or sometimes glabrous; upper surface green, dull, with many stomata, hairy along midrib or glabrous; lower surface light green. Inflorescences with (11-) 20-72 flowers, lateral, unbranched, 1.7-7.7 (-10.7) cm, almost always longer than or very rarely about equal to subtending leaves; peduncle (0.3-) 0.4-1 (-1.5) cm; rachis 1.2-6.5 (-9.2) cm. Bracts alternate, ovate or deltoid (sometimes narrowly), obtuse (mostly) to acute. Flowers hermaphrodite or female (on different plants). Pedicels 1-4 mm, hairy (indumentum sometimes sparse when compared with that of peduncle and rachis). Calyx 1.5-2 (-2.5) mm; lobes ovate, obtuse. Corolla tube hairy inside; tube of hermaphrodite flowers 1.4-2.9 x 1.3-1.7 mm, funnelform, equalling or slightly longer than calyx; tube of female flowers approximately 1.3-1.8 mm, funnelform, equalling or slightly longer than calyx; lobe, white or tinged deep mauve at anthesis, circular or elliptic (often broadly) or oblong (anterior only), obtuse (posterior sometimes emarginate), suberect to recurved, longer to shorter than corolla tube (posterior lobe always longer than tube, anterior lobe often shorter than tube). Stamen filaments incurved at apex in bud, 3-5 mm; anthers dark magenta or purple, 1.2-1.8 mm; sterile anthers of female flowers purple or light brown. Ovary sometimes hairy, 0.9-1.3 mm; ovules 11-16 per locule, in 1-2 layers; style 2.3-6 mm, sometimes hairy. Capsules subacute or obtuse, 2.9-4 x approximately 2.2-2.6 mm, occasionally hairy, loculicidal split extending up to ¾-way to base. Seeds flattened, more or less broad ellipsoid, not winged to only weakly winged, brown, 1-1.6 x (0.8-) 0.9-1.3 mm, micropylar rim 0.1-0.4 mm.
Similar to V. traversii, V. stenophylla and V. parviflora, from which it is distinguished by (among other features) having corolla tubes equal to or only slightly exceeding surrounding calyces. The only other Veronicas on Banks Peninsula are V. salicifolia and V. odora.
(January-) March-April (-June)
Seeds are wind dispersed (Thorsen et al., 2009).
veronica: Named after Saint Veronica, who gave Jesus her veil to wipe his brow as he carried the cross through Jerusalem, perhaps because the common name of this plant is ‘speedwell’. The name Veronica is often believed to derive from the Latin vera ‘truth’ and iconica ‘image’, but it is actually derived from the Macedonian name Berenice which means ‘bearer of victory’.
strictissima: Very straight and narrow
Moore (in Allan 1961) suggests the species may form hybrids with H. salicifolia, and a specimen potentially matching this parentage is WELT 84066. Aspects of reproductive ecology arc discussed by Delph (1990).
Description adapted by M. Ward from Bayly & Kellow (2006).
References and further reading
Allan, H. H. 1961. Flora of New Zealand. Vol. 1. Wellington: Government Printer.
Bayly, M.J., Kellow, A.V. 2006. An illustrated guide to New Zealand Hebes. Wellington, N.Z.: Te Papa press pg. 176.
Delph, L. F. 1990. Sex ratio variation in the gynodioecious shrub Hebe strictissima Scrophulariaceae).
Evolution. 44: I 34-42.
Thorsen, M. J.; Dickinson, K. J. M.; Seddon, P. J. 2009. Seed dispersal systems in the New Zealand flora. Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics 11: 285-309
NZPCN Fact Sheet citation
Please cite as: Ward, M.D. (Year at time of access): Veronica strictissima Fact Sheet (content continuously updated). New Zealand Plant Conservation Network. https://www.nzpcn.org.nz/flora/species/veronica-strictissima/ (Date website was queried)