Vascular – Exotic
Dicotyledonous Herbs - Composites
The National Vegetation Survey (NVS) Databank is a physical archive and electronic databank containing records of over 94,000 vegetation survey plots - including data from over 19,000 permanent plots. NVS maintains a standard set of species code abbreviations that correspond to standard scientific plant names from the Ngä Tipu o Aotearoa - New Zealand Plants database.
Terrestrial. Coastal situations especially sand dunes.
Annual rosette herb with sprawling stems rarely reaching 30 cm. The leaves are lobed up to 30 x 5 cm and held on somewhat branched and leafy stems. Flower heads are solitary and are approximately 3.5 cm across with a black disc and yellow rays.
May be confused with closely related Gazania rigens and G. linearis these also have yellow flowers, but A. calenmdula has lobed leaves and the stems lack the latex contained in Gazania species. May also be confused with Arctotis stoechadifolia, but this species has purple florets on the flowers.
October, November, December
October, November, December, January, February, March, April
calendula: From the Latin word kalendae, first day of the month when interest was paid; refers to the plant’s long flowering season.
Reason For Introduction
Annual, producing prolific amounts of seed that are dispersed by people, wind, sand movement.
Can tolerate salt and poor soils in coastal situations.