Vascular – Exotic
Trees & Shrubs - Dicotyledons
Sprawling to erect shrub, sometimes layering; deciduous. Coppices from cut stumps.
Widely grown as a food crop in cooler parts of NZ; apparently uncommon as an adventive plant
Understorey of planted trees in parks, large gardens.
Britain, Europe, Asia Minor
Reason for introduction
References and further reading
Heenan et al. 2008. NZ Journal of Botany 46: 269