Vascular – Exotic
Trees & Shrubs - Gymnosperms
The National Vegetation Survey (NVS) Databank is a physical archive and electronic databank containing records of over 94,000 vegetation survey plots - including data from over 19,000 permanent plots. NVS maintains a standard set of species code abbreviations that correspond to standard scientific plant names from the Ngä Tipu o Aotearoa - New Zealand Plants database.
Small tree or multi-stemmed shrub. Foliage often dense, tending to be directed forward. Leaves in fascicles of two, 3–7 cm by 1–1.5 mm, dark green rigid, more or less curved but not twisted. Male cones < 1 cm long, broad-cylindric. Female cones shortly stalked, erect, not persisting long after maturity, 2.5–5.5 × 2.5–5 cm when open, ovoid or conic-ovoid, dark brown, symmetric. Seed wing oblong, c. 1 cm long.
Short needles in pairs, small symmetrical cones with no spike. No stalk on the cone (cf. P. sylvestris). Pinus uncinata is very similar, but has asymmetric cones, with some cone scales strongly elongated downwards.
Perennial; wind dispersed.
European mountains from France and Italy E.
Reason for introduction
The National Wilding Conifer Control Programme team at Biosecurity New Zealand, a branch of Ministry for Primary Industries, has produced this wilding conifer quick ID guide.