Vascular – Exotic
Trees & Shrubs - Gymnosperms
The National Vegetation Survey (NVS) Databank is a physical archive and electronic databank containing records of over 94,000 vegetation survey plots - including data from over 19,000 permanent plots. NVS maintains a standard set of species code abbreviations that correspond to standard scientific plant names from the Ngä Tipu o Aotearoa - New Zealand Plants database.
Wetland plant indicator status rating
FACU: Facultative Upland
Occasionally is a hydrophyte but usually occurs in uplands (non-wetlands).
Medium sized tree up to 25 m high with straight trunk, and spreading or slightly drooping branches. The very thick purplish brown bark is deeply fissured into scaly plates. Needles are held in pairs, and are up to 15 cm long arranged in untidy whorls. Two strains in NZ can be identified from needle colour: the ”blue” strain, with grey-green to blue-green needles: the ”green” strain with yellow-green needles. Male and female cones arise in separate clusters on young shoots. The mature female cones are up to 8 cm long, covered in many stout, sharp spines, and are arranged in whorls around the branches.
Long needles in pairs and the persistent, large, very prickly cones of Pinus muricata are distinctive.
Perennial. Reproduces by windborne seed.
California, N. America
Reason for introduction
Withstands salt-laden winds (Salmon 2000)
muricata: Furnished with numerous short hard excrescences
The National Wilding Conifer Control Programme team at Biosecurity New Zealand, a branch of Ministry for Primary Industries, has produced this wilding conifer quick ID guide.