ponderosa pine, western yellow pine
Vascular – Exotic
Trees & Shrubs - Gymnosperms
The National Vegetation Survey (NVS) Databank is a physical archive and electronic databank containing records of over 94,000 vegetation survey plots - including data from over 19,000 permanent plots. NVS maintains a standard set of species code abbreviations that correspond to standard scientific plant names from the Ngä Tipu o Aotearoa - New Zealand Plants database.
Medium to large tree, (exceeding 30 m in cultivation). Needles are 25 cm long, rigid, dull-green, in bunches of 3, projecting forward. male cones are purple coloured, up to 2 cm long and in clusters on young shoots. Female cones 6–14 × 5–10 cm, egg shaped and each scale has a small spiny tip.
Long needles in clusters of 3. Cones shed annually but leaving basal scales. Similar to P. taeda and P. elliottii but both of these species shed cones entire, and the cones of P. ponderosa are more ovoid.
Perennial; seed is wind dispersed.
Western N. America
Reason for introduction
The National Wilding Conifer Control Programme team at Biosecurity New Zealand, a branch of Ministry for Primary Industries, has produced this wilding conifer quick ID guide.