Vascular – Exotic
Sporadic weed - often on the margins of legal and illegal rubbish dumps, or found established at the base of garden refuse dumps bordering forest, mangrove swamps and gullies in northern New Zealand
Rarely seen in New Zealand
Never seen in New Zealand
Long-lived perennial grass. Reproduction is exclusively vegetative through disassociation of rhizomes. No seed is produced in New Zealand (rarely throughout the world). Dispersed by dumping garden waste and rubbish.
Tropics - an anicent cultigen derived from past hybridism
Reason for introduction
Ornamental and Cultural
Dig up and brn
Cold intolerant. Flourishes in open, damp, humid conditions. Tolerant of brackish water.