Crepidomanes endlicherianum (C.Presl) P.S. Green; Crepidopteris endlicheriana (C. Presl) Copel.; Trichomanes humile sensu Hook.f.; Reediella endlicheriana (C.Presl) Pic.Serm.; Polyphlebium endlicherianum (C.Presl) Ebihara et K.Iwats.
Vascular – Native
The National Vegetation Survey (NVS) Databank is a physical archive and electronic databank containing records of over 94,000 vegetation survey plots - including data from over 19,000 permanent plots. NVS maintains a standard set of species code abbreviations that correspond to standard scientific plant names from the Ngä Tipu o Aotearoa - New Zealand Plants database.
Current conservation status
The threat classification status of all known New Zealand vascular plant taxa at the rank of species and below were reassessed in 2017 using the New Zealand Threat Classification System (NZTCS) – more information about this can be found on the NZTCS website This report includes a statistical summary and brief notes on changes since 2012 and replaces all previous NZTCS lists for vascular plants. Authors: By Peter J. de Lange, Jeremy R. Rolfe, John W. Barkla, Shannel P. Courtney, Paul D. Champion, Leon R. Perrie, Sarah M. Beadel, Kerry A. Ford, Ilse Breitwieser, Ines Schönberger, Rowan Hindmarsh-Walls, Peter B. Heenan and Kate Ladley. Please note, threat classifications are often suggested by authors when publications fall between NZTCS assessment periods – a suggested threat classification status has not been assessed by the NZTCS panel.
2017 | Not Threatened | Qualifiers: SO
Previous conservation statuses
2012 | Not Threatened
2009 | Not Threatened
2004 | Not Threatened
Indigenous. New Zealand: Kermadec (Raoul Island), Three Kings, North, South and Chatham Islands. Common in the North Island but scarce over much of the South Island part of its range.
Also Australia, Borneo, New Guinea, Vanuatu, Fiji, Samoa, Tahiti and Norfolk Island (the type locality).
Coastal to montane but most common in lowland closed forest. Usually found growing along streams sides in deeply shaded sites on rocks, overhangs and in crevices. Because of this habitat preference it is very easily overlooked.
Terrestrial (rarely epiphytic) fern forming dense carpets on suitable substrates. Rhizomes c.0.1 mm diameter, long-creeping; hairs dense short, red-brown. Fronds 13-40(-100) mm long, dark green. Stipes widely spaced, 3-13(-25) mm long, winged almost to the base. Rachises winged. Lamina 11-40(-80) × 5-15(-25) m, narrowly ovate to linear, deeply 2-3-pinnatifid. Ultimate segments 0.5-0.7 mm wide; margins entire; marginal cells clear, elongate, with oblique end walls; apices obtuse, often notched; false veins absent. Sori immersed in short, basal acroscopic segments of the pinnae; involucre funnelform, 1.5-2.0 × 1.0-1.5 mm wide, winged; mouth dilated, entire; receptacle exserted up to 4 mm beyond mouth.
Of the New Zealand species, Trichomanes endlicherianum is most likely to be confused with T. colensoi, which is a much less common plant of montane forested habitats. Trichomanes colensoi differs from T. endlicherianum by its more widely spaced pinnae, the lack of a wing on the stipes or rachises, finely divided fronds and stalked (pedunuculate) indusia. From T. endlicherianum the New Zealand form of T. caudatum differs by its deltoid frond and by the lobed involucre of the fruiting receptacle and by its epiphytic habit. Trichomanes venosum is easily distinguished from both these species by its conspicuously veined pinnae.
Difficult - should not be removed from the wild
trichomanes: From the ancient Greek name used by Theophrastus and Dioscorides, for a type of fern; refers to the slender hair projecting from each spore case
Where To Buy
Not commercially available
Previously NZPCN had followed Ebihara et al. (2006) in recognising Abrodictyum as distinct from Trichomanes - recently Brownsey & Perrie (2016) have rejected this idea favouring a return to the past broad circumscription of Trichomanes used in New Zealand.
Fact sheet prepared for NZPCN by P.J. de Lange (23 April 2011). Description adapted from Bostock & Spokes (1998).
References and further reading
Bostock, P.D.; Spokes, T.M. 1998: Hymenophyllaceae. Flora of Australia. Vol. 48: 116-148.
Brownsey, P.J. & Perrie, L.R. 2016: Hymenophyllaceae. In: Breitwieser, I.; Heenan, P.B.; Wilton, A.D.
Flora of New Zealand - Ferns and Lycophytes. Fascicle 15. Manaaki Whenua Press, Lincoln.
Ebihara, A.; Dubuisson, J-Y.; Iwatsuki, K.; Hennequin, S.; Ito, M. 2006: A taxonomic revision of the Hymenophyllaceae. Blumea 51: 2-57.
NZPCN Fact Sheet citation
Please cite as: de Lange, P.J. (Year at time of access): Trichomanes endlicherianum Fact Sheet (content continuously updated). New Zealand Plant Conservation Network. https://www.nzpcn.org.nz/flora/species/trichomanes-endlicherianum/ (Date website was queried)