This plant list has been compiled by the stated observer(s) and been provided to NZPCN for public use in good faith. NZPCN cannot guarantee that data contained in these lists are up to date or accurate. Most species lists are not corroborated with herbarium specimens. Note, species lists are not typically an exhaustive presence/absence survey of an area and often may focus on a single habitat or only contain species visible at a particular time of year (for example, spring annual herbs may go unobserved during much of the year). These lists should not be solely relied on for the purpose of assessing environmental effects or for preparing restoration plans - for this work a site visit is critical.

Site name: Turanga ED (TURN)

List name: PNA Report 14

Source/Observer: PNA Report 14 BD & BC Clarkson

Number of observations: 510

District: Gisborne District

Date: 01/01/1991

SpeciesStructural classConservation statusNative/Exotic
Acaena anserinifolia
(bidibid, hutiwai, piripiri)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Acaena novae-zelandiae
(red bidibid)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Acer pseudoplatanus
(sycamore)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsExotic
Achillea millefolium
(yarrow)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesExotic
Adiantum cunninghamii
(common maidenhair, Cunningham's maidenhair)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Adiantum diaphanum
(tuberous maidenhair, small maidenhair)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Adiantum hispidulum
(rosy maidenhair)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Agrostis capillaris
(browntop)
GrassesExotic
Agrostis stolonifera
(creeping bent)
GrassesExotic
Aira praecox
(early hair grass)
GrassesExotic
Alectryon excelsus subsp. excelsus
(New Zealand ash, tītoki)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Alsophila cunninghamii
(gully tree fern, slender tree fern, ponga)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Alsophila tricolor
(silver fern, ponga)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Ammi majus
(bullwort)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Anaphalioides trinervisHerbs - Dicotyledonous compositesNot ThreatenedNative
Anthemis cotula
(stinking mayweed)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesExotic
Anthosachne kingiana subsp. multiflora
(blue grass, blue wheat grass)
GrassesAt Risk – DecliningNative
Anthoxanthum odoratum
(sweet vernal)
GrassesExotic
Aristotelia serrata
(makomako, wineberry)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Arthropodium candidumHerbs - MonocotsNot ThreatenedNative
Arthropteris tenella
(jointed fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Asparagus asparagoides
(smilax)
Lianes - MonocotsExotic
Asplenium bulbiferum
(hen and chicken fern, pikopiko, mother spleenwort)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Asplenium flabellifolium
(butterfly fern, walking fern, necklace fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Asplenium flaccidum
(drooping spleenwort, hanging spleenwort)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Asplenium gracillimum
(hen & chicken fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Asplenium hookerianum var. hookerianum
(Hooker's spleenwort)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Asplenium oblongifolium
(huruhuruwhenua, shining spleenwort)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Asplenium polyodon
(sickle spleenwort)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Astelia hastata
(tank lily)
Herbs - MonocotsNot ThreatenedNative
Australina pusilla subsp. pusillaHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Austroblechnum lanceolatum
(lance fern, nini, rereti)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Austroblechnum membranaceumFernsNot ThreatenedNative
Austroderia fulvida
(kakaho)
GrassesNot ThreatenedNative
Austroderia toetoe
(toetoe)
GrassesNot ThreatenedNative
Azolla rubra
(Pacific azolla, azolla, red azolla)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Beilschmiedia tawa
(tawa)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Bellardia viscosa
(tarweed)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Bellis perennis
(English daisy)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesExotic
Berberis glaucocarpa
(barberry)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsExotic
Bidens frondosa
(beggar's ticks)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesExotic
Bolboschoenus fluviatilis
(marsh clubrush, kukuraho, purua grass)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Brachyglottis repanda
(rangiora, bushman's toilet paper, bushman's friend)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Brassica rapa var. rapa
(turnip)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Bromus diandrus
(ripgut brome)
GrassesExotic
Bromus willdenowii
(prairie grass)
GrassesExotic
Buddleja davidii
(buddleia)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsExotic
Cakile edentula var. edentula
(sea rocket)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Cakile maritima subsp. maritima
(sea rocket)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Calamagrostis arenaria (L.) Roth
(marram grass)
GrassesExotic
Callitriche muelleri
(Mueller's starwort)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Callitriche stagnalis
(water starwort)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Calystegia sepium subsp. roseata
(pink bindweed)
Lianes & Related Trailing Plants - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Calystegia silvatica subsp. disjuncta
(great bindweed)
Lianes & Related Trailing Plants - DicotyledonsExotic
Calystegia soldanella
(shore bindweed, shore convolvulus, rauparaha)
Lianes & Related Trailing Plants - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Calystegia tuguriorum
(climbing convolvulus, NZ bindweed)
Lianes & Related Trailing Plants - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Capsella bursa-pastoris
(shepherd's purse)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Carduus nutans
(nodding thistle)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesExotic
Carex dissita
(forest sedge)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Carex divulsa
(grey sedge)
SedgesExotic
Carex flagellifera
(Glen Murray tussock, trip me up)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Carex forsteri
(Forster's sedge)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Carex healyi
(harsh-leaved bastard grass, hook sedge)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Carex inversa
(creeping lawn sedge)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Carex lambertiana
(forest sedge)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Carex pumila
(sand sedge)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Carex secta
(purei, pukio)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Carex solandri
(forest sedge, Solander's sedge)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Carex uncinata
(bastard grass, hook sedge, kamu, matau-a-maui)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Carex virgata
(swamp sedge, pukio, toitoi, toetoe)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Carmichaelia australis
(common broom)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Carpobrotus edulis
(ice plant)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Carpodetus serratus
(marbleleaf, putaputawētā, piripiriwhata)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Catapodium rigidum
(hard grass)
GrassesExotic
Cenchrus clandestinus
(kikuyu grass)
GrassesExotic
Centaurium erythraea
(centaury)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Centella uniflora
(centella)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Cerastium fontanum subsp. vulgareHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Cestrum elegans
(red cestrum)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsExotic
Chamaecyparis lawsoniana
(Lawson's cypress)
Trees & Shrubs - GymnospermsExotic
Chenopodium album
(fathen)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Chionochloa flavicans f. flavicans
(snow tussock)
GrassesNot ThreatenedNative
Chrysanthemoides monilifera subsp. monilifera
(boneseed, bitou bush)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsExotic
Cichorium intybus
(chicory)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesExotic
Cirsium arvense
(Californian thistle)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesExotic
Cirsium vulgare
(Scotch thistle)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesExotic
Clematis cunninghamiiLianes & Related Trailing Plants - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Clematis foetida
(clematis)
Lianes & Related Trailing Plants - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Clematis forsteri
(Forster's clematis)
Lianes & Related Trailing Plants - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Clematis paniculata
(white clematis, puawananga)
Lianes & Related Trailing Plants - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Clematis vitalba
(old man's beard)
Lianes & Related Trailing Plants - DicotyledonsExotic
Coprosma acerosa
(sand coprosma, tātaraheke)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsAt Risk – DecliningNative
Coprosma areolata
(thin-leaved coprosma)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Coprosma crassifoliaTrees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Coprosma grandifolia
(kanono, manono, large-leaved coprosma, raurekau)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Coprosma lucida
(karamū, shining karamū)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Coprosma propinqua var. propinqua
(mingimingi)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Coprosma repens
(taupata, looking glass plant, mirror plant)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Coprosma rhamnoidesTrees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Coprosma rigidaTrees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Coprosma robusta
(karamū, glossy karamū)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Coprosma rotundifoliaTrees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Coprosma rubraTrees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Coprosma spathulata subsp. spathulataTrees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Cordyline australis
(cabbage tree, tī, tī kōuka, palm lily)
Trees & Shrubs - MonocotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Coriaria arborea var. arborea
(tutu, tree tutu)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Corokia cotoneaster
(korokio, wire-nettting bush)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Cortaderia selloana
(pampas grass)
GrassesExotic
Corybas macranthus
(silver-back spider orchid)
OrchidsNot ThreatenedNative
Corybas trilobus
(spider orchid)
OrchidsNot ThreatenedNative
Corynocarpus laevigatus
(karaka, kopi)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Cotoneaster glaucophyllus
(cotoneaster, large-leaved cotoneaster)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsExotic
Cotula coronopifolia
(bachelor's button, yellow buttons, waterbuttons)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesNot ThreatenedNative
Cranfillia fluviatilis
(kiwikiwi, kiwakiwa, creek fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Crassula sieberianaHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Crataegus monogyna
(hawthorn)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsExotic
Crepis capillaris
(hawksbeard)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesExotic
Crocosmia ×crocosmiiflora
(montbretia)
Herbs - MonocotsExotic
Cynodon dactylon
(Bermuda grass)
GrassesExotic
Cyperus ustulatus
(coastal cutty grass, giant umbrella sedge, cyperus)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Dacrycarpus dacrydioides
(kahikatea, white pine)
Trees & Shrubs - GymnospermsNot ThreatenedNative
Dacrydium cupressinum
(rimu, red pine)
Trees & Shrubs - GymnospermsNot ThreatenedNative
Dactylis glomerata
(cocksfoot)
GrassesExotic
Datura stramonium
(thornapple)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Daucus carota
(wild carrot)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Daucus glochidiatus
(New Zealand carrot)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesAt Risk – DecliningNative
Dendrobium cunninghamii
(winika, pekapeka, Christmas orchid, bamboo orchid)
OrchidsNot ThreatenedNative
Dendroconche scandens
(fragrant fern, mokimoki)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Dianella nigra
(turutu, New Zealand blueberry, inkberry)
Herbs - MonocotsNot ThreatenedNative
Dichondra repens
(Mercury Bay weed, dichondra)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Dicksonia fibrosa
(wheki-ponga, wheki-kohoonga, golden tree fern, kuripaka)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Dicksonia squarrosa
(wheki, rough tree fern, harsh tree fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Didymocheton spectabilis
(kohekohe, New Zealand mahogany)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Digitalis purpurea
(foxglove)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Diphasium scariosum
(creeping clubmoss)
Lycophytes (clubmosses, selaginella, quillworts)Not ThreatenedNative
Diplazium australeFernsNot ThreatenedNative
Dipsacus fullonum
(wild teasel)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Discaria toumatou
(matagouri, tūmatakuru)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsAt Risk – DecliningNative
Disphyma australe subsp. australe
(horokaka, native ice plant, New Zealand ice plant)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Dodonaea viscosa
(akeake)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Doodia australis
(rasp fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Doodia mollis
(mokimoki, mukimuki)
FernsAt Risk – Naturally UncommonNative
Drosera auriculata
(sundew)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Drymoanthus adversus
(fleshy tree orchid)
OrchidsNot ThreatenedNative
Earina mucronata
(bamboo orchid, peka-a-waka, spring earina)
OrchidsNot ThreatenedNative
Echinopogon ovatus
(forest hedgehog grass, hedgehog grass)
GrassesNot ThreatenedNative
Echium vulgare
(viper's bugloss)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Elaeocarpus dentatus var. dentatus
(hīnau)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Elaeocarpus hookerianus
(pōkākā)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Eleocharis acuta
(sharp spike sedge)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Eleocharis sphacelata
(kutakuta, spikes of doom, bamboo spike sedge, tall spike sedge)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Elytrigia pycnantha
(sea couch)
GrassesExotic
Elytrigia repens
(couch)
GrassesExotic
Entelea arborescens
(whau)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Epilobium ciliatum
(willowherb)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Epilobium cinereum
(willowherb)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Epilobium insulare
(willowherb)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesAt Risk – DecliningNative
Epilobium nerteroides
(willowherb)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Epilobium nummulariifolium
(creeping willowherb)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Epilobium rotundifolium
(round-leaved willowherb)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Erigeron karvinskianus
(Mexican daisy)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesExotic
Erigeron sumatrensis
(broad-leaved flea-bane)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesExotic
Euchiton audax
(creeping cudweed)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesNot ThreatenedNative
Euchiton involucratusHerbs - Dicotyledonous compositesNot ThreatenedNative
Euchiton japonicusHerbs - Dicotyledonous compositesNot ThreatenedNative
Euchiton sphaericusHerbs - Dicotyledonous compositesNot ThreatenedNative
Euonymus europaeus
(spindle tree)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsExotic
Euphorbia peplus
(milkweed)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Ficinia nodosa
(wiwi, knobby club rush, ethel sedge)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Ficus carica
(fig)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsExotic
Foeniculum vulgare
(fennel)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Freycinetia banksii
(kiekie)
Lianes - MonocotsNot ThreatenedNative
Fuchsia excorticata
(kōtukutuku, tree fuchsia)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Fuchsia perscandens
(scrambling fuchsia)
Lianes & Related Trailing Plants - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Fumaria muralis subsp. muralis
(scrambling fumitory)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Fuscospora solandri
(black beech, tawhairauriki)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Gahnia lacera
(cutty grass)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Galium aparine
(cleavers)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Galium propinquum
(māwe)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Galium trilobum
(native bedstraw)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Gaultheria antipoda
(bush snowberry, fool's beech)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Geniostoma ligustrifolium var. ligustrifolium
(hangehange)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Geranium molle
(dove's foot cranesbill)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Geranium retrorsum
(turnip-rooted geranium)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesThreatened – Nationally VulnerableNative
Glyceria declinata
(blue sweet grass, glaucous sweet grass)
GrassesExotic
Glyceria maxima
(floating sweetgrass, reed sweetgrass)
GrassesExotic
Griselinia littoralis
(broadleaf, kāpuka, papauma)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Griselinia lucida
(puka, akapuka)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Gunnera monoica
(Native gunnera)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Haloragis erecta subsp. erecta
(toatoa, fire weed, shrubby haloragis)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Hedera helix
(ivy)
Lianes & Related Trailing Plants - DicotyledonsExotic
Hedycarya arborea
(porokaiwhiri, pigeonwood)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Hedychium gardnerianum
(wild ginger, kahili ginger)
Herbs - MonocotsExotic
Helichrysum lanceolatumTrees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Helminthotheca echioides
(Oxtongue)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesExotic
Hesperocyparis macrocarpa
(macrocarpa)
Trees & Shrubs - GymnospermsExotic
Histiopteris incisa
(histiopteris, water fern, mātātā, bat's wing fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Hoheria angustifolia
(narrow-leaved houhere)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Hoheria populnea
(lacebark, houhere, ribbonwood)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Holcus lanatus
(Yorkshire fog)
GrassesExotic
Hordeum murinum subsp. murinum
(barley grass)
GrassesExotic
Hydrocotyle elongataHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Hydrocotyle heteromeria
(waxweed, waxweed pennywort)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Hydrocotyle moschata var. moschata
(hairy pennywort)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Hydrocotyle novae-zeelandiae var. novae-zeelandiaeHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Hydrocotyle pterocarpaHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Hymenophyllum demissum
(drooping filmy fern, Irirangi, piripiri)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Hymenophyllum multifidum
(much-divided filmy fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Hymenophyllum nephrophyllum
(kidney fern, konehu, kopakopa, raurenga)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Hymenophyllum rarum
(filmy fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Hymenophyllum sanguinolentum
(filmy fern, piripiri)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Hypericum pusillum
(swamp hypericum)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Hypochaeris radicata
(catsear)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesExotic
Hypolepis ambiguaFernsNot ThreatenedNative
Hypolepis lacteaFernsNot ThreatenedNative
Icarus filiformis
(thread fern, climbing hard fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Iris foetidissima
(stinking iris)
Herbs - MonocotsExotic
Isachne globosa
(swamp millet)
GrassesNot ThreatenedNative
Isolepis cernua var. cernua
(slender clubrush)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Jacobaea vulgaris
(ragwort)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesExotic
Jovellana sinclairii
(New Zealand calceolaria)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesAt Risk – DecliningNative
Juncus articulatus
(jointed rush)
Rushes & Allied PlantsExotic
Juncus australis
(leafless rush, wiwi)
Rushes & Allied PlantsNot ThreatenedNative
Juncus bufonius var. bufonius
(toad rush)
Rushes & Allied PlantsExotic
Juncus edgariae
(wiwi, Edgar's rush)
Rushes & Allied PlantsNot ThreatenedNative
Juncus effusus var. effusus
(soft rush)
Rushes & Allied PlantsExotic
Juncus kraussii subsp. australiensis
(sea rush)
Rushes & Allied PlantsNot ThreatenedNative
Juncus planifolius
(grass-leaved rush)
Rushes & Allied PlantsNot ThreatenedNative
Juncus sarophorus
(broom rush, fan-flowered rush)
Rushes & Allied PlantsNot ThreatenedNative
Juncus tenuis subsp. tenuis
(track rush)
Rushes & Allied PlantsExotic
Knightia excelsa
(rewarewa, NZ honeysuckle)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Korthalsella lindsayi
(leafless mistletoe, dwarf mistletoe)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Kunzea ericoides
(kānuka)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsThreatened – Nationally VulnerableNative
Lachnagrostis billardierei subsp. billardierei
(sand wind grass)
GrassesNot ThreatenedNative
Lachnagrostis filiformis
(New Zealand wind grass)
GrassesNot ThreatenedNative
Lagenophora pumila
(papataniwhaniwha)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesNot ThreatenedNative
Lagurus ovatus
(harestail)
GrassesExotic
Landoltia punctata
(purple-backed duckweed)
Herbs - MonocotsExotic
Lapsana communis
(nipplewort)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesExotic
Lastreopsis hispida
(hairy fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Lastreopsis velutina
(velvet fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Lathyrus aphaca
(yellow vetchling)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Laurelia novae-zelandiae
(pukatea)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Lemna disperma
(common duckweed)
Herbs - MonocotsNot ThreatenedNative
Lepidium didymum
(twin cress)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Lepidium oleraceum
(nau, Cook's scurvy grass)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesThreatened – Nationally EndangeredNative
Lepidium pseudohyssopifoliumHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Leptecophylla juniperina subsp. juniperina
(prickly mingimingi, mingimingi)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Leptinella squalida subsp. squalidaHerbs - Dicotyledonous compositesNot ThreatenedNative
Leptolepia novae-zelandiae
(lace fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Leptopteris hymenophylloides
(crêpe fern, single crêpe fern, heruheru)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Leptospermum scoparium var. scoparium
(mānuka, kahikātoa)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsAt Risk – DecliningNative
Leucopogon fasciculatus
(mingimingi, tall mingimingi)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Leycesteria formosa
(Himalayan honeysuckle)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsExotic
Libertia grandiflora
(mikoikoi, NZ iris)
Herbs - MonocotsNot ThreatenedNative
Ligustrum lucidum
(tree privet)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsExotic
Ligustrum sinense
(Chinese privet)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsExotic
Lilaeopsis novae-zelandiaeHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Linum bienne
(pale flax)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Linum catharticum
(purging flax)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Linum monogynum var. monogynumHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesAt Risk – DecliningNative
Linum trigynum
(yellow flax)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Lobelia anceps
(New Zealand lobelia, shore lobelia)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Lobelia angulata
(pratia)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Lolium arundinaceum subsp. arundinaceum
(tall fescue)
GrassesExotic
Lolium multiflorum
(Italian ryegrass)
GrassesExotic
Lolium perenne
(perennial rye grass)
GrassesExotic
Lomaria discolor
(crown fern, petipeti, piupiu)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Lonicera japonica
(Japanese honeysuckle)
Lianes & Related Trailing Plants - DicotyledonsExotic
Lophomyrtus obcordata
(rōhutu)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsThreatened – Nationally CriticalNative
Lophozonia menziesii
(silver beech)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Lotus pedunculatus
(lotus)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Lotus subbiflorus
(hairy birdsfoot trefoil)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Loxogramme dictyopteris
(lance fern, whare ngārara)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Ludwigia palustris
(Water purslane, marsh ludwigia)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Lunaria annua subsp. annua
(honesty)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Lupinus arboreus
(tree lupin)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsExotic
Luzula picta var. pictaRushes & Allied PlantsNot ThreatenedNative
Lycium ferocissimum
(boxthorn)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsExotic
Lysimachia arvensis subsp. arvensis var. arvensis
(pimpernel)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Lythrum hyssopifolia
(hyssop loosestrife)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Machaerina articulata
(jointed baumea, jointed twig rush)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Machaerina juncea
(sedge, tussock swamp twig rush)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Machaerina sinclairii
(machaerina)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Malus ×domestica
(apple)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsExotic
Malva arborea
(tree mallow)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Malva neglecta
(dwarf mallow)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Matricaria discoidea
(rayless chamomile)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesExotic
Medicago nigra
(bur medick)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Melicope simplex
(poataniwha)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Melicope ternata
(wharangi)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Melicytus micranthus
(swamp māhoe. manakura)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Melicytus ramiflorus subsp. ramiflorus
(māhoe, hinahina, whitey wood)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Melilotus officinalis
(yellow sweet clover)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Mentha cunninghamii
(New Zealand mint, hīoi)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesAt Risk – DecliningNative
Mentha pulegium
(pennyroyal)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Mentha spicata subsp. spicata
(mint)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Metrosideros colensoi
(rātā)
Lianes & Related Trailing Plants - DicotyledonsThreatened – Nationally VulnerableNative
Metrosideros diffusa
(white rātā)
Lianes & Related Trailing Plants - DicotyledonsThreatened – Nationally VulnerableNative
Metrosideros excelsa
(pōhutukawa)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsThreatened – Nationally VulnerableNative
Metrosideros perforata
(akatea)
Lianes & Related Trailing Plants - DicotyledonsThreatened – Nationally VulnerableNative
Microlaena avenacea
(bush rice grass, oat grass)
GrassesNot ThreatenedNative
Microlaena polynoda
(bamboo grass, bamboo)
GrassesNot ThreatenedNative
Microlaena stipoides
(meadow rice grass, slender rice grass)
GrassesNot ThreatenedNative
Microtis unifolia
(onion-leaved orchid, microtis)
OrchidsNot ThreatenedNative
Modiola caroliniana
(creeping mallow)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Muehlenbeckia australis
(pōhuehue, large-leaved muehlenbeckia)
Lianes & Related Trailing Plants - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Muehlenbeckia complexa var. complexa
(small-leaved pōhuehue, scrub pōhuehue, wire vine)
Lianes & Related Trailing Plants - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Mycelis muralis
(wall lettuce)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesExotic
Myoporum laetum
(ngaio)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Myosotis laxa subsp. caespitosa
(water forget-me-not)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Myosotis scorpioides var. strigulosa
(water forget-me-not)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Myriophyllum propinquum
(common water milfoil)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Myrsine australis
(red mapou, red matipo, mapau, red maple)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Myrsine divaricata
(weeping matipo, weeping mapou)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Nasturtium microphyllum
(one-rowed watercress)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Nasturtium officinale
(Watercress)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Neomyrtus pedunculata
(rōhutu)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsThreatened – Nationally CriticalNative
Nertera depressa
(nertera, bead plant, fruiting duckweed)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Nestegis cunninghamii
(black maire)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Nestegis lanceolata
(white maire)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Nestegis montana
(narrow-leaved maire)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Notogrammitis billardierei
(common strap fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Notogrammitis heterophylla
(taupeka, comb fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Nymphaea alba
(common water lily)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Oenothera stricta
(sand primrose)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Olearia furfuracea
(akepiro)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Olearia rani var. colorata
(heketara)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Oplismenus hirtellus subsp. imbecillisGrassesNot ThreatenedNative
Orobanche minor
(broomrape)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Oxalis corniculata subsp. corniculata
(creeping woodsorrel, horned oxalis)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Oxalis exilis
(creeping oxalis, yellow oxalis)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Oxalis latifolia
(fishtail oxalis)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Ozothamnus leptophyllus
(tauhinu)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Paesia scaberula
(lace fern, ring fern, scented fern, pig fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Pakau pennigera
(gully fern, feather fern, piupiu)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Parablechnum novae-zelandiae
(kiokio, horokio, palm leaf fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Parablechnum triangularifolium
(kiokio, Green Bay kiokio)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Parapholis incurva
(sickle grass)
GrassesExotic
Parapholis strigosaGrassesExotic
Parapolystichum glabellum
(smooth shield fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Parapolystichum microsorum subsp. pentangulareFernsNot ThreatenedNative
Paraserianthes lophantha
(brush wattle)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsExotic
Parietaria debilis
(New Zealand pellitory)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Parsonsia capsularis var. capsularis
(New Zealand jasmine, small flowered jasmine)
Lianes & Related Trailing Plants - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Parsonsia heterophylla
(New Zealand jasmine)
Lianes & Related Trailing Plants - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Paspalum dilatatum
(paspalum)
GrassesExotic
Paspalum distichum
(Mercer grass)
GrassesExotic
Passiflora tetrandra
(kohia, NZ passionflower, NZ passionfruit)
Lianes & Related Trailing Plants - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Pastinaca sativa
(wild parsnip)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Pectinopitys ferruginea
(miro, brown pine)
Trees & Shrubs - GymnospermsNot ThreatenedNative
Pelargonium inodorum
(kōpata)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Pellaea rotundifolia
(round-leaved fern, New Zealand cliff brake)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Pennantia corymbosa
(kaikōmako)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Pentapogon avenoides
(mountain oat grass)
GrassesNot ThreatenedNative
Pentapogon crinitus
(long-hair plume grass)
GrassesNot ThreatenedNative
Persicaria maculosa
(willow weed)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Phlegmariurus varius
(clubmoss)
Lycophytes (clubmosses, selaginella, quillworts)Not ThreatenedNative
Phleum pratense
(Timothy)
GrassesExotic
Phormium cookianum subsp. cookianum
(mountain flax, wharariki)
Herbs - MonocotsNot ThreatenedNative
Phormium tenax
(flax, harakeke, kōrari (Māori name for inflorescence).)
Herbs - MonocotsNot ThreatenedNative
Phyllocladus trichomanoides
(tānekaha, celery pine)
Trees & Shrubs - GymnospermsNot ThreatenedNative
Physalis peruviana
(Cape gooseberry)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Phytolacca octandra
(inkweed)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsExotic
Pimelea carnosa
(pinātoro, pimelea)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Pinus pinaster
(cluster pine)
Trees & Shrubs - GymnospermsExotic
Pinus radiata
(Monterey pine, radiata pine)
Trees & Shrubs - GymnospermsExotic
Piper excelsum subsp. excelsum
(kawakawa, pepper tree)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Pittosporum crassifolium
(karo)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Pittosporum eugenioides
(tarata, lemonwood)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Pittosporum obcordatum
(heart-leaved kōhūhū)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsThreatened – Nationally VulnerableNative
Pittosporum ralphii
(karo)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Pittosporum tenuifolium
(kohukohu, kōhūhū, black matipo)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Plagianthus divaricatus
(salt marsh ribbonwood, marsh ribbonwood)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Plagianthus regius subsp. regius
(mānatu, ribbonwood, lowland ribbonwood)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Plantago australis
(swamp plantain)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Plantago coronopus
(buck's horn plantain)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Plantago lanceolata
(narrow-leaved plantain)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Plantago major
(broad-leaved plantain)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Plantago raouliiHerbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Poa anceps
(broad-leaved poa)
GrassesNot ThreatenedNative
Poa annua
(annual poa)
GrassesExotic
Poa billardierei
(sand tussock, hinarepe)
GrassesAt Risk – DecliningNative
Poa pusillaGrassesNot ThreatenedNative
Podocarpus totara var. totara
(tōtara)
Trees & Shrubs - GymnospermsNot ThreatenedNative
Polycarpon tetraphyllum
(allseed)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Polygonum aviculare
(wireweed)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Polystichum neozelandicum subsp. neozelandicumFernsNot ThreatenedNative
Pomaderris amoena
(tauhinu)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Populus alba
(white poplar)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsExotic
Potamogeton cheesemanii
(red pondweed)
Herbs - MonocotsNot ThreatenedNative
Prumnopitys taxifolia
(mataī, black pine)
Trees & Shrubs - GymnospermsNot ThreatenedNative
Prunella vulgaris
(self-heal)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsExotic
Prunus armeniaca
(apricot)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsExotic
Prunus persica
(peach)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsExotic
Prunus ×domestica
(plum)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsExotic
Pseudodiphasium volubile
(climbing clubmoss, waewaekoukou)
Lycophytes (clubmosses, selaginella, quillworts)Not ThreatenedNative
Pseudognaphalium luteoalbumHerbs - Dicotyledonous compositesNot ThreatenedNative
Pseudopanax arboreus
(fivefinger, five finger, whauwhaupaku)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Pseudopanax crassifolius
(horoeka, lancewood)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Pteridium esculentum
(bracken, rarauhe, bracken fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Pteris macilenta
(sweet fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Pteris tremula
(shaking brake, tender brake, Australian bracken)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Pterostylis banksii
(tutukiwi, greenhood)
OrchidsNot ThreatenedNative
Puccinellia fasciculata
(salt grass)
GrassesExotic
Pyracantha crenatoserrata
(firethorn)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsExotic
Pyrrosia elaeagnifolia
(leather-leaf fern, pyrrosia)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Ranunculus reflexus
(hairy buttercup, maru, maruru, kopukapuka, pirikau)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Ranunculus repens
(buttercup)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Ranunculus sceleratus
(celery-leaved buttercup)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Raukaua anomalusTrees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Rhaphiolepis bibas
(loquat)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsExotic
Rhododendron ponticum subsp. ponticum
(rhododendron)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsExotic
Rhopalostylis sapida
(nīkau)
Trees & Shrubs - MonocotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Ripogonum scandens
(supplejack, kareao, pirita)
Lianes - MonocotsNot ThreatenedNative
Rorippa divaricata
(New Zealand watercress, matangoa)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesThreatened – Nationally VulnerableNative
Rosa rubiginosa
(sweet brier)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsExotic
Rubus cissoides
(tātarāmoa, bush lawyer)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Rubus fruticosus agg.
(blackberry)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsExotic
Rubus phoenicolasius
(Japanese wineberry)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsExotic
Rubus schmidelioides var. schmidelioides
(tātarāmoa, bush lawyer, white-leaved lawyer)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Rubus squarrosus
(leafless lawyer, yellow-prickled lawyer)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Rumex acetosella
(sheep's sorrel)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Rumex obtusifolius
(broad-leaved dock)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Ruppia polycarpa
(Horses mane weed, lakeweed)
Herbs - MonocotsNot ThreatenedNative
Rytidosperma gracile
(dainty bristle grass)
GrassesNot ThreatenedNative
Rytidosperma racemosum
(danthonia)
GrassesExotic
Salicornia quinqueflora
(glasswort)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Salix babylonica
(weeping willow)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsExotic
Salix cinerea
(grey willow, pussy willow)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsExotic
Salix fragilis × S. euxina
(crack willow)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsExotic
Salix matsudana
(tortured willow, twisted willow)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsExotic
Salix ×reichardtii
(pussy willow)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsExotic
Samolus repens var. repens
(Sea primrose, shore pimpernel, water pimpernel)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Scandia rosifolia
(koheriki)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesThreatened – Nationally CriticalNative
Schefflera digitata
(patatē, patē, seven-finger)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Schoenoplectus pungens
(three-square)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani
(kuawa)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Schoenus maschalinus
(dwarf bog rush)
SedgesNot ThreatenedNative
Scleranthus biflorus
(Canberra grass)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Selliera radicans
(selliera, remuremu, half-star)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Senecio angulatus
(Cape ivy)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsExotic
Senecio banksiiHerbs - Dicotyledonous compositesAt Risk – Naturally UncommonNative
Senecio bipinnatisectus
(Australian fireweed)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesNot ThreatenedNative
Senecio glastifolius
(pink ragwort, holly-leaved senecio)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesExotic
Senecio glomeratus subsp. glomeratus
(fireweed)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesNot ThreatenedNative
Senecio minimus
(fireweed)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesNot ThreatenedNative
Senecio quadridentatus
(cotton fireweed, white fireweed, pahokoraka)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesNot ThreatenedNative
Senecio rufiglandulosusHerbs - Dicotyledonous compositesNot ThreatenedNative
Senecio scaberulus
(fireweed)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesThreatened – Nationally CriticalNative
Sherardia arvensis
(field madder)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Sison amomum
(stone parsley)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Solanum americanum
(small-flowered nightshade)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Solanum aviculare var. aviculare
(poroporo)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsThreatened – Nationally VulnerableNative
Solanum betaceum
(tamarillo)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Solanum mauritianum
(woolly nightshade)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsExotic
Solanum nigrum
(black nightshade)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Solanum pseudocapsicum
(Jerusalem cherry)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsExotic
Soliva sessilis
(Onehunga weed)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesExotic
Sonchus asper
(prickly sow thistle)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesExotic
Sonchus oleraceus
(sow thistle, sowthistle)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesExotic
Sophora microphylla
(kōwhai, weeping kōwhai, small-leaved kōwhai)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Sophora tetraptera
(kōwhai, large-leaved kōwhai)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Spartina alterniflora
(American spartina)
GrassesExotic
Spartina anglica
(spartina hybrid, cordgrass)
GrassesExotic
Sphaeropteris medullaris
(mamaku, black tree fern)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Spinifex sericeus
(spinifex, kōwhangatara)
GrassesNot ThreatenedNative
Sporobolus africanus
(rat's tail)
GrassesExotic
Stachys arvensis
(staggerweed)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Stellaria media subsp. media
(chickweed)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Stellaria parviflora
(New Zealand chickweed)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Stenotaphrum secundatum
(buffalo grass)
GrassesExotic
Streblus heterophyllus
(small-leaved milk tree, tūrepo)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Styphelia nesophila
(pātōtara, dwarf mingimingi)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Symphyotrichum lanceolatum
(sea aster)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesExotic
Tamarix chinensis
(Chinese tamarisk)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsExotic
Tetragonia tetragonoides
(kōkihi, New Zealand spinach, tutae-ikamoana)
Lianes & Related Trailing Plants - DicotyledonsAt Risk – Naturally UncommonNative
Teucrium parvifolium
(teucridium)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsAt Risk – DecliningNative
Thelymitra longifolia
(white sun orchid, māikuku)
OrchidsNot ThreatenedNative
Thyridia repens
(native musk, Māori musk, native monkey flower)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesAt Risk – Naturally UncommonNative
Tradescantia fluminensis
(wandering Jew)
Herbs - MonocotsExotic
Trifolium pratense
(red clover)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Trifolium repens
(white clover)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Triglochin striata
(triglochin)
Herbs - MonocotsNot ThreatenedNative
Trisetum arduanumGrassesNot ThreatenedNative
Tropaeolum speciosum
(Chilean flame creeper)
Lianes & Related Trailing Plants - DicotyledonsExotic
Tupeia antarctica
(Tāpia, pirita, white mistletoe, tupia, kohuorangi)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsAt Risk – DecliningNative
Typha orientalis
(raupō, bullrush)
Herbs - MonocotsNot ThreatenedNative
Ulex europaeus
(gorse)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsExotic
Urtica ferox
(ongaonga, tree nettle)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Urtica sykesii
(native nettle, bush nettle)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Urtica urens
(nettle, stinging nettle)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Verbascum thapsus
(woolly mullein, common mullein)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Verbena bonariensis
(purple-top, purple-top vervain)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Verbena officinalis
(Vervain)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Veronica anagallis-aquatica
(water speedwell)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Veronica serpyllifolia
(turf speedwell, thyme-leaved speedwell)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Veronica stricta var. macroura
(koromiko)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Veronica stricta var. stricta
(koromiko)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Veronica tairawhiti
(Wairoa koromiko)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsAt Risk – Naturally UncommonNative
Vicia sativa
(vetch)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Vinca major
(periwinkle)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesExotic
Vitex lucens
(pūriri)
Trees & Shrubs - DicotyledonsNot ThreatenedNative
Vittadinia australis
(white fuzzweed)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesNot ThreatenedNative
Wahlenbergia vernicosa
(coastal harebell, glossy harebell)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Wahlenbergia violacea
(violet harebell)
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than CompositesNot ThreatenedNative
Xanthium spinosum
(Bathurst bur)
Herbs - Dicotyledonous compositesExotic
Yucca gloriosa
(Spanish dagger, palm lily, mound-lily yucca)
Herbs - MonocotsExotic
Zealandia pustulata subsp. pustulata
(hound's tongue, kōwaowao, pāraharaha)
FernsNot ThreatenedNative
Zoysia minima
(prickly couch, zoysia)
GrassesAt Risk – DecliningNative