Vascular – Exotic
The National Vegetation Survey (NVS) Databank is a physical archive and electronic databank containing records of over 94,000 vegetation survey plots - including data from over 19,000 permanent plots. NVS maintains a standard set of species code abbreviations that correspond to standard scientific plant names from the Ngä Tipu o Aotearoa - New Zealand Plants database.
Terrestrial. Coastal on foreshore waste land, consolidated sand near dunes, mudflats and roadsides.
Wetland plant indicator status rating
FACW: Facultative Wetland
Usually is a hydrophyte but occasionally found in uplands (non-wetlands).
Bluish grey, tufted, rigid perennial grass to about 125 cm tall. Can form large patches from strongly spreading wiry rhiozomes. Leaves glaucous , up to 25 cm long, usually rolled, occasionally flat and up to 7 mm wide, greyish to light brown. Leaves held on erect culms to 25-75 cm tall. Erect spike 5-20 cm tall with spikelets very close-set.
Can be separated from E. repens (couch) by the tightly inrolled leaves, and leaves that are rough to the touch.
Western and Southern Europe
Reason For Introduction
Vegetative spread from long running rhizomes. Seed is also produced.
Tolerates salt and very poor soils.