swamp māhoe. manakura
Elaeodendron micranthum Hook.f., Melicytus micranthus Hook.f., Melicytus micranthus Hook.f. var. micranthus, Melicytus microphyllus Colenso, Melicytus micranthus var. microphyllus (Colenso) Cheeseman
Vascular – Native
Trees & Shrubs - Dicotyledons
The National Vegetation Survey (NVS) Databank is a physical archive and electronic databank containing records of over 94,000 vegetation survey plots - including data from over 19,000 permanent plots. NVS maintains a standard set of species code abbreviations that correspond to standard scientific plant names from the Ngä Tipu o Aotearoa - New Zealand Plants database.
2n = 96
Current conservation status
The threat classification status of all known New Zealand vascular plant taxa at the rank of species and below were reassessed in 2017 using the New Zealand Threat Classification System (NZTCS) – more information about this can be found on the NZTCS website This report includes a statistical summary and brief notes on changes since 2012 and replaces all previous NZTCS lists for vascular plants. Authors: By Peter J. de Lange, Jeremy R. Rolfe, John W. Barkla, Shannel P. Courtney, Paul D. Champion, Leon R. Perrie, Sarah M. Beadel, Kerry A. Ford, Ilse Breitwieser, Ines Schönberger, Rowan Hindmarsh-Walls, Peter B. Heenan and Kate Ladley. Please note, threat classifications are often suggested by authors when publications fall between NZTCS assessment periods – a suggested threat classification status has not been assessed by the NZTCS panel.
2017 | Not Threatened
Previous conservation statuses
2012 | Not Threatened
2009 | Not Threatened
2004 | Not Threatened
Zig-zagging shrub with interlacing branches bearing small wavy-edged green leaves with a pale blotch at the base and that have the vein network more visible on the underside. Twigs fuzzy. Leaves 1.5-2.3cm long, in various shapes, widest at middle, scattered along stem. Flowers small, white. Fruit dark purple.
North and South Islands. Local in Eastern Canterbury, rare in Westland.
Lowland forst, scrub and forest margins, espically on drier sites and on alluvial ground.
Wetland plant indicator status rating
Commonly occurs as either a hydrophyte or non-hydrophyte (non-wetlands).
Shrub up to 2 m. tall or occ. more; branches stiff ± interlaced; branchlets stiff, ± pubescent. Leavse sometimes fascicled; petioles slender 3-5- (10) mm. long, ± pubescent; lamina subcoriac., 1-2.5 × 1-2 cm., elliptic- to obovate-oblong to broad-ovate, sinuate to subcrenate, sometimes sub-entire. Flowers minute, axillary, solitary or 2-3 together; pedicels ± pubescent; ♂ with short ± ciliate rounded calyx-lobes; petals oblong, twice length of calyx; anthers broad, sessile; connective flat. ♀ calyx and petals as in ♂; style short, stout; stigma discoid, 3-5-lobed. Berry 3-4 mm. diam., obovoid to subglobose, dark purple; seeds (1)-4. Flowers: October - April. Fruit: November to May.
Similar to juvenile kaikōmako (Pennantia corymbosa) and distingished by the prominent terminal lobes of leaf; often there are only two other squarish lobes, one on either side of the leaf, giving it a charateristic appearance that has been likened to webbed ducks feet. Small-leaved milk tree-tūrepo (Streblus heterophyllus) has distinctive juvenile foliage with deep notches, mostly near the base of the leaf, on at least some leaves, and fine serrations round th erest of the leaf margin. Raukaua anomalus is also similar but has a dark (rather the white) blotch at leaf base.
melicytus: From the Greek meli (honey) and kytos (hollow container), referring to the staminal nectaries of the flowers. Literally “honey-cave”
micranthus: Small flower
Manakura was used as a scent for tītoki oil by Māori.
Melicytus micranthus var. longiusculus Cheeseman is based on the hybrid combination M. micranthus x M. ramiflorus and is thus not a synonym of M. micranthus. Type locality: Neslon.
Fact sheet prepared by Marley Ford (23 March 2023). Distribution, Habitat, and similar taxa sections copied from Wilson & Galloway (1993). Features from Allan (1961).
References and further reading
Allan, H. H. 1961. Flora of New Zealand. Vol. 1. Wellington: Government Printer. Pg. 425-426.
Wilson, H & Galloway, T. 1993. Small-leaved shrubs of NZ. Manuka Press, Christchurch.