New Zealand calceolaria
Calceolaria sinclairii Hook.
Vascular – Native
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than Composites
The National Vegetation Survey (NVS) Databank is a physical archive and electronic databank containing records of over 94,000 vegetation survey plots - including data from over 19,000 permanent plots. NVS maintains a standard set of species code abbreviations that correspond to standard scientific plant names from the Ngä Tipu o Aotearoa - New Zealand Plants database.
2n = 36
Current conservation status
The threat classification status of all known New Zealand vascular plant taxa at the rank of species and below were reassessed in 2017 using the New Zealand Threat Classification System (NZTCS) – more information about this can be found on the NZTCS website This report includes a statistical summary and brief notes on changes since 2012 and replaces all previous NZTCS lists for vascular plants. Authors: By Peter J. de Lange, Jeremy R. Rolfe, John W. Barkla, Shannel P. Courtney, Paul D. Champion, Leon R. Perrie, Sarah M. Beadel, Kerry A. Ford, Ilse Breitwieser, Ines Schönberger, Rowan Hindmarsh-Walls, Peter B. Heenan and Kate Ladley. Please note, threat classifications are often suggested by authors when publications fall between NZTCS assessment periods – a suggested threat classification status has not been assessed by the NZTCS panel.
2017 | At Risk – Declining | Qualifiers: DP
Previous conservation statuses
2012 | At Risk – Declining | Qualifiers: DP
2009 | Not Threatened | Qualifiers: DP
2004 | Gradual Decline
Locally found from near Hicks Bay southwards.
Shaded coastal and lower montane streamsides, cliff seepages, or on damp sparsely vegetated ground on forest margins.
Herbaceous, leafy, ± glandular-pubescent, perennial, forming rounded shrubs up to 1.0 × 1.8 m. Stems up to 0.8 m long, green or red, laxly branched, slender, initially sprawling, otherwise ascendant, bases becoming woody with age; upper branches numerous, slender, finely striate, often bearing minute leaflets in axils. Leaves opposite, somewhat membranous; petiole up to 8.2 × 2.3 mm, fleshy, adaxially channeled, bases sometimes pulvinate; lamina 20-80 × 20-50 mm, dark green to yellow-green above, light green or pinkish below, narrow-ovate, broad-ovate, ovate-oblong to ovate elliptic, apiculate, margins coarsely 2-3 crenate-serrate, sometimes lobed, bases broadly cuneate, cordate to weakly oblique, sometimes cordate-truncate. Inflorescences numerous, slender, terminal, paniculate, usually trichotomously branched, up to 300 mm. Pedicels slender, up to 30 mm. Calyx subcampanulate, c.2 mm, deeply cut into ovate to deltoid lobes. Corolla white to yellow-flushed, spotted purple, puberulous, divided c.one-third to half-way into 2 nearly equal concave lips 4.8-10.2 mm long. Anthers suborbicular, filaments short. Capsule obovoid, 3.8-4.2 mm long. Seed 0.35-0.60 mm, dark red-brown, ± elliptic to oblong, rarely curved.
October - February
Seeds are dispersed by wind and possibly water (Thorsen et al., 2009).
Easily grown from seed and cuttings.
jovellana: A man’s name
sinclairii: After Sinclair (c. 1796–1861). Colonial Secretary and naturalist.
Fact sheet prepared for NZPCN by P.J. de Lange 5 May 2011. Description adapted from Allan (1961) and updated using fresh plant material and herbarium specimens.
References and further reading
Allan, H.H. 1961: Flora of New Zealand. Vol. I. Wellington, Government Printer.
Thorsen, M. J.; Dickinson, K. J. M.; Seddon, P. J. 2009. Seed dispersal systems in the New Zealand flora. Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics 11: 285-309
NZPCN Fact Sheet citation
Please cite as: de Lange, P.J. (Year at time of access): Jovellana sinclairii Fact Sheet (content continuously updated). New Zealand Plant Conservation Network. https://www.nzpcn.org.nz/flora/species/jovellana-sinclairii/ (Date website was queried)