Acacia longifolia var. sophorae (Labill.) F. Muell.
Vascular – Exotic
Dicotyledonous Trees & Shrubs
The National Vegetation Survey (NVS) Databank is a physical archive and electronic databank containing records of over 94,000 vegetation survey plots - including data from over 19,000 permanent plots. NVS maintains a standard set of species code abbreviations that correspond to standard scientific plant names from the Ngä Tipu o Aotearoa - New Zealand Plants database.
Occurs on sand dunes
Shrub up to 1-3 m high with spreading habit and sharply angled twigs. Leaves reduced to phyllodes. Phyllodes narrowly elliptic to obovate, green and up to 110 x 25 mm with 2 prominent veins. Flowers in dark yellow in cylindrical spikes up to 45 mm long. Ripe seed pods brown and very contorted.
This species is very similar to A. longifolia (var. longifolia) but can be distinguished by the broader phyllodes, and the very contorted pods.
Australia, East coast
Reason for introduction
Coastal sand control; ornamental, shelter
There is little resprouting if shrubs are cut cut close to ground level.
acacia: Derived from Greek ‘akazo’ to sharpen, meaning point; spine or thorn.
Reason For Introduction
Life Cycle Comments
Very fast growing species that thrives in sand dunes. Can have huge impacts in these systems.
Prolific seed is produced in good years, can spread vegetatively if branches touch ground.
Prolific in good years
Dispersed by people as an ornamental shrub. Seed is spread locally by wind, sand and gravity, stem layering is also of some importance.
Copes with coastal spray well.