Caldcluvia rosifolia (A.Cunn.) Hoogland
Vascular – Native
Trees & Shrubs - Dicotyledons
The National Vegetation Survey (NVS) Databank is a physical archive and electronic databank containing records of over 94,000 vegetation survey plots - including data from over 19,000 permanent plots. NVS maintains a standard set of species code abbreviations that correspond to standard scientific plant names from the Ngä Tipu o Aotearoa - New Zealand Plants database.
Current conservation status
The threat classification status of all known New Zealand vascular plant taxa at the rank of species and below were reassessed in 2017 using the New Zealand Threat Classification System (NZTCS) – more information about this can be found on the NZTCS website This report includes a statistical summary and brief notes on changes since 2012 and replaces all previous NZTCS lists for vascular plants. Authors: By Peter J. de Lange, Jeremy R. Rolfe, John W. Barkla, Shannel P. Courtney, Paul D. Champion, Leon R. Perrie, Sarah M. Beadel, Kerry A. Ford, Ilse Breitwieser, Ines Schönberger, Rowan Hindmarsh-Walls, Peter B. Heenan and Kate Ladley. Please note, threat classifications are often suggested by authors when publications fall between NZTCS assessment periods – a suggested threat classification status has not been assessed by the NZTCS panel.
2017 | Not Threatened
Previous conservation statuses
2012 | Not Threatened
2009 | Not Threatened
2004 | Not Threatened
Small Northland tree. Leaves consisting of 4 to 10 or more opposite pairs of toothed leaflets and a terminal leaflet which have small hairy pits at the junction of the main leaflet veins. Flowers in dense sprays of cream coloured flowers developing into pinkish or red fruits.
Endemic. North Island only from near Kaitaia south to just north of Wellsford. Often rather local in its occurrences, particularly south of Whangarei.
Lowland forest, forest margins and stream-sides.
Shrub, becoming a tree up to 12 m tall; trunk up to 60 cm diameter; branchlets, petioles, young leaves and panicle-branches covered with short brownish hairs. Leaves pinnate, with a single terminal pinna; leaflets sharply serrate, subsessile, domatia present on underside. Leaves of juveniles sub- membranous, up to 25 cm long, 6-10 yoked together as a pair; terminal leaflet 3-6 cm long, including petiolule, 1.5-3 cm. wide, ovate-elliptic; lateral leaflets elliptic-oblong, diminishing downwards from 4-3 cm. to 1 cm. long. Leaves of adults subcoriaceous, 3-5 yoked together as a pair; terminal leaflet obovate-cuneate, acute, 4-7 cm. wide; lateral diminishing downwards from 4 cm to 1 cm long, elliptic-oblong; stipules foliaceous. Panicles much-branched, up to 15 cm long. Flowers numerous, approximately 3 mm. across. Sepals ovate, approximately 1 mm. long; petals narrow, approximately 1.5 mm. long, stamens exserted, styles approximately 1 mm. long. Capsules ovoid, pilose, approximately 3-4 mm. long, bearing persistent sepals and styles.
Very similar to juvenile foliage of Weinmannia silvicola but can be distinguished by the domatia on the underside of the leaves. These domatia are known as tuft pocket domatia and occur at the junction of the mid-rib and the side vein where there is a pocket of hairs. Makamaka also has huge prominent stipules that are large, green and heavily veined.
Hairy carpels dispersed by wind (Thorsen et al., 2009).
Can be grown from semi-hardwood cuttings and fresh seed. A fast growing, and rather attractive small tree. However, very drought intolerant, and needs a damp soil and sunny aspect to thrive.
ackama: Formed from its Maori name - maka-maka
Description adapted by M. Ward from Allan (1961).
References and further reading
Allan, H. H. 1961: Flora of New Zealand. Volume 1. Wellington: Government Printer. Pg. 347.
Thorsen, M. J.; Dickinson, K. J. M.; Seddon, P. J. 2009. Seed dispersal systems in the New Zealand flora. Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics 2009 Vol. 11 No. 4 pp. 285-309.