Haloragis erecta subsp. cartilaginea
Surville Cliffs haloragis
Haloragis cartilaginea Cheeseman
Vascular – Native
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than Composites
The National Vegetation Survey (NVS) Databank is a physical archive and electronic databank containing records of over 94,000 vegetation survey plots - including data from over 19,000 permanent plots. NVS maintains a standard set of species code abbreviations that correspond to standard scientific plant names from the Ngä Tipu o Aotearoa - New Zealand Plants database.
2n = 14
Current conservation status
The threat classification status of all known New Zealand vascular plant taxa at the rank of species and below were reassessed in 2017 using the New Zealand Threat Classification System (NZTCS) – more information about this can be found on the NZTCS website This report includes a statistical summary and brief notes on changes since 2012 and replaces all previous NZTCS lists for vascular plants. Authors: By Peter J. de Lange, Jeremy R. Rolfe, John W. Barkla, Shannel P. Courtney, Paul D. Champion, Leon R. Perrie, Sarah M. Beadel, Kerry A. Ford, Ilse Breitwieser, Ines Schönberger, Rowan Hindmarsh-Walls, Peter B. Heenan and Kate Ladley. Please note, threat classifications are often suggested by authors when publications fall between NZTCS assessment periods – a suggested threat classification status has not been assessed by the NZTCS panel.
2017 | At Risk – Naturally Uncommon | Qualifiers: RR
Previous conservation statuses
2012 | At Risk – Naturally Uncommon | Qualifiers: OL
2009 | At Risk – Naturally Uncommon | Qualifiers: CD, ST, OL
2004 | Range Restricted
Endemic. North Island only, where it is supposedly confined to the 120 ha exposure of serpentinised peridotite rocks at the Surville Cliffs, North Cape. However similar plants have been found elsewhere in Te Paki, and in 2011 this subspecies was found growing on peridotite and gabbro east of the North Cape serpentinized zone
Abundant on open serpentinite scree, as gully heads, on cliff faces and on bare clay pans. Dislikes competition. This is one of the few Surville Cliff ultramafic endemics to have recolonised the former workings of the serpentinite quarry.
Decumbent, perennial herb forming sprawling patches up to 300 x 150 mm; stems numerous, tetragonous, usually dark maroon or purple-black, minutely pubescent, with larger hairs on the angles. Leaves opposite, rather closely spaced, broadly ovate to ovate-oblong, dark brownish-green to orange-green, coriaceous, minutely and harshly scabrid, blade 14-20 × 10-13 mm, petiole very short and pubescent, margins regularly shallowly serrate. Inflorescences, many-flowered racemes terminating branches, leafy bracts subtending clusters of flowers and bracteoles. Flower c.3.5 mm long, on short pubescent pedicel; sepals pubescent, triangular, exceeding ovary length and reaching halfway up petals; petals c.3× ovary length, minutely scabrid on keel; stamens 8, anthers as long as petals, filaments very short; ovary 4-lobed, styles 4, short, erect, stigma covered with short lax multicellular hairs. Fruit c.3.5 mm. long (including calyx-lobes) subpyriform, smooth and cylindrical above, below swollen into 4 rounded lobes, rugose, rarely and then usually only slightly winged; pericarp woody, loculi 4, 1-seeded.
None. Haloragis erecta (Murray) Oken subsp. erecta differs by its mostly erect rather than decumbent growth habit and lanceolate to elliptic or oblong-elliptic leaves. However, some forms of H. erecta subsp. erecta (especially those found along the South Wellington Coast) approach subsp. cartilaginea, differing only by their narrower, less harshly scabrid leaves.
Throughout the year
Throughout the year
Easily grown from cuttings and fresh seed. Forms a small creeping to semi-erect shrub. Ideal for exposed dry soils. Does best if the soil is enriched with a magnesium fertiliser but this is not necessary.
A locally common range restricted endemic listed only because of the small geographic area it occupies.
haloragis: Salt grapes
cartilaginea: Like cartilage
Where To Buy
Not commercially available
In cultivation, over time plants become more lax and the leaves less harsh textured.
|Haloragis erecta subsp. cartilaginea|
Fact sheet prepared for NZPCN by P.J. de Lange (3 November 2005). Description based on Webb et al. (1988) and observations made from fresh material and herbarium specimens.
References and further reading
Webb, C. J.; Sykes, W. R.; Garnock-Jones, P. J. 1988: Flora of New Zealand. Vol. IV. Naturalised Pteridophytes, Gymnosperms, Dicotyledons. Christchurch, New Zealand, Botany Division, D.S.I.R.
NZPCN Fact Sheet citation
Please cite as: de Lange, P.J. (Year at time of access): Haloragis erecta subsp. cartilaginea Fact Sheet (content continuously updated). New Zealand Plant Conservation Network. https://www.nzpcn.org.nz/flora/species/haloragis-erecta-subsp-cartilaginea/ (Date website was queried)