Panax linearis Hook.f.
Vascular – Native
Trees & Shrubs - Dicotyledons
The National Vegetation Survey (NVS) Databank is a physical archive and electronic databank containing records of over 94,000 vegetation survey plots - including data from over 19,000 permanent plots. NVS maintains a standard set of species code abbreviations that correspond to standard scientific plant names from the Ngä Tipu o Aotearoa - New Zealand Plants database.
2n = 48
Current conservation status
The threat classification status of all known New Zealand vascular plant taxa at the rank of species and below were reassessed in 2017 using the New Zealand Threat Classification System (NZTCS) – more information about this can be found on the NZTCS website This report includes a statistical summary and brief notes on changes since 2012 and replaces all previous NZTCS lists for vascular plants. Authors: By Peter J. de Lange, Jeremy R. Rolfe, John W. Barkla, Shannel P. Courtney, Paul D. Champion, Leon R. Perrie, Sarah M. Beadel, Kerry A. Ford, Ilse Breitwieser, Ines Schönberger, Rowan Hindmarsh-Walls, Peter B. Heenan and Kate Ladley. Please note, threat classifications are often suggested by authors when publications fall between NZTCS assessment periods – a suggested threat classification status has not been assessed by the NZTCS panel.
2017 | Not Threatened
Previous conservation statuses
2012 | Not Threatened
2009 | Not Threatened
2004 | Not Threatened
Small lancewood-like higher altitude shrub with narrow thick leaves
Endemic. South Island, Fiordland, Southern Alps and NW Nelson
Montane to low alpine forest in damper regions mainly west of the Main Divide
Shrub to 3 m tall; branches few; stem with scattered simple to trifid scales. Leaves alternate, leaflets single; juvenile leaves ascending, 15-25 x 0.5-1 cm, narrow-linear, subacute to retuse, obscurely sinuately crenate-serrate; midrib pale, prominent, lateral veins obscure, petiole very short, stout, not sheathing stem. Adult leaves, dark green above, contrasting with midrib, 5-10 x 0.75-1 cm, on stout non-sheathing stout petiole c. 5 mm long, linear to linear-lanceolate, acute and mucronate to obtuse, obscurely to distinctly crenate-serrate. Inflorescence a terminal or occ. axillary, compound umbel; primary rays (branchlets) 3-10; secondary rays absent; umbellules 5-10 flowered. Petals greenish, acute, spreading or reflexed; anthers on filaments < petals. Ovary 3-5-loculed, each containing 1 ovule; style branches 3-5, conate, erect, recurved at tips. Fruit fleshy, purple, broadly oblong-ovoid, 4 x 8 mm, style branches retained on an apical disc. 4(-5) Seeds per fruit, ovate, 4.0-5.5(-6.0) mm long.
The small size and narrow thick leaves with obvious midvein of this species are distinctive
pseudopanax: False cure
linearis: Linear (leaves)
Description adapted from Allan (1961), Eagle (2006), Webb and Simpson (2001).
References and further reading
Allan, H.H. 1961. Flora of NZ, Vol. I. Government Printer, Wellington
Eagle, A. 2006. Eagle’s complete trees and shrubs of NZ. Te Papa Press, Wellington
Webb, C.J. & Simpson, M.J.A. 2001. Seeds of NZ gymnosperms and dicotyledons. Manuka Press, Christchurch.