Stewart Island aniseed
Ligusticum flabellatum Kirk, Aciphylla flabellata (Kirk) Cockayne, Anisotome flabellata (Kirk) Cockayne, Gingidium flabellatum (Kirk) J.W.Dawson
Vascular – Native
Herbs - Dicotyledons other than Composites
The National Vegetation Survey (NVS) Databank is a physical archive and electronic databank containing records of over 94,000 vegetation survey plots - including data from over 19,000 permanent plots. NVS maintains a standard set of species code abbreviations that correspond to standard scientific plant names from the Ngä Tipu o Aotearoa - New Zealand Plants database.
2n = 22
Current conservation status
The threat classification status of all known New Zealand vascular plant taxa at the rank of species and below were reassessed in 2017 using the New Zealand Threat Classification System (NZTCS) – more information about this can be found on the NZTCS website This report includes a statistical summary and brief notes on changes since 2012 and replaces all previous NZTCS lists for vascular plants. Authors: By Peter J. de Lange, Jeremy R. Rolfe, John W. Barkla, Shannel P. Courtney, Paul D. Champion, Leon R. Perrie, Sarah M. Beadel, Kerry A. Ford, Ilse Breitwieser, Ines Schönberger, Rowan Hindmarsh-Walls, Peter B. Heenan and Kate Ladley. Please note, threat classifications are often suggested by authors when publications fall between NZTCS assessment periods – a suggested threat classification status has not been assessed by the NZTCS panel.
2017 | At Risk – Naturally Uncommon | Qualifiers: DP, RR
Previous conservation statuses
2012 | At Risk – Naturally Uncommon | Qualifiers: RR
2009 | At Risk – Naturally Uncommon
2004 | Range Restricted
Endemic. Stewart Island
Almost exclusively coastal. Usually growing in south facing sites subject to salt spray. Amongst rocks, on cliff faces and in peat overlying rock ledges, and in peaty coastal turf. Very rarely found inland on bare granitic rock and associated talus.
Stout, non-rhizomatous herbs, bases covered with withered dead leaf remnants. Petioles stout 10-20 x 0.75-1.5 mm; sheaths 7-12 x 5-10 mm. Leaves once-pinnate, fleshy, 45-55 x 1.0-15 mm, dark green; leaflets sessile or shortly petiolulate; 1-4 pairs of equal size (4.5-5.0 x 4.5-7.5 mm), flabellate, reniform to irregular, simple, never incised; stomata equally abundant on both surfaces, margins obtuse dentate or crenate to edentate. Inflorescences 20-60 mm long with axes 0.75-2.50 mm diameter; compound umbels 1(-2) per inflorescence, simple umbels 2-7 per compound umbel, bracts free or partially fused; flowers up to 12 per simple umbel, styles 1.0-1.5 mm long. Mericarps (excluding style) 2.5-3.0 mm long, dull light orange-yellow to orange, vittae red-brown, brown to dark brown; ovate, apex narrowed to 2-3 ovate-triangular calyx teeth and recurved style; surface broadly convex with 5 equal ribs.
Under current concepts morphologically allied to G. enysii (Kirk) J.W.Dawson sens. lat. from which it differs by the absence on the leaves of any glaucous bloom, by the leaflet teeth which are wider than long or with entire margins, and by its allopatric distribution (i.e. endemic to Stewart Island)
November - January
December - May
Winged mericarps are dispersed by wind (Thorsen et al., 2009).
Easily grown from fresh seed but not often cultivated.
Not Threatened - but generally localised and mainly found in the south-west of the island.
gingidia: A Syrian carrot
flabellata: Fan shaped; from the Latin flabellum; shape of the leaves
Where To Buy
Not commercially available
Fact sheet prepared by P.J. de Lange for NZPCN (1 June 2013)
References and further reading
Thorsen, M. J.; Dickinson, K. J. M.; Seddon, P. J. 2009. Seed dispersal systems in the New Zealand flora. Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics 11: 285-309
NZPCN Fact Sheet citation
Please cite as: de Lange, P.J. (Year at time of access): Gingidia flabellata Fact Sheet (content continuously updated). New Zealand Plant Conservation Network. https://www.nzpcn.org.nz/flora/species/gingidia-flabellata/ (Date website was queried)