A term which in its strict sense refers to open clears within forest dominated by low scrub and rushes. However, more usually used to refer natural and induced wetlands and their associated shrublands. A vernacular most frequently used in the West Coast for impoverished soils and their associated peats, left after forest has been cleared.
The small upper bract enclosing the flower of a grass.
Pertaining to wet or marshy habitats. Term covers mires and marshes.
A short rounded projection.
A soft, fleshy projection, usually small and nipple–like.
With short rounded projections.
Warty, with short rounded projections or gland-dotted.
Veins are parallel along leaf.
An organism that derives all its nourishment from its host.
A mass of partially carbonised plant tissue formed by partial decomposition in water of various plants and especially of mosses of the genus Sphagnum, widely found in many parts of the world, varying in consistency from a turf to a slime used as a fertiliser, as stable litter, as a fuel, and for making charcoal. Partially carbonized vegetable matter saturated with water; can be used as a fuel when dried. A type of soil deriving from dead organic material situated in a wet area, where the reduced amount of [[oxygen available in the wet conditions results in the organic material not decomposing as much as it usually would do so in the presence of more oxygen. Used in growing media. Represents an important carbon sink –drainage of peat releases large amounts of carbon (CO2) to the atmosphere.
The stalk of a single flower in an inflorescence or fruit (either in a cluster or existing singularly).
Describing fruits, which are borne on a stalk (a peduncle).
Hanging down from its support.
Hanging or drooping.
With a tuft of hairs at the end, like a brush.
A plant lasting for three seasons or more.
A collective term for the calyx (sepals or tepals) and corolla (petals) of the flower, especially when these are indistinguishable.
Having a petiole.
A monitoring technique where repeat photos are taken of the same scene from the same point over a period of time in order to quantify changes.
A segment of a divided lamina that is classified as primary, secondary or tertiary according to the degree of dissection of the lamina.
Divisions of a pinnate leaf.
With leaflets arranged regularly in two rows on either side of a stalk as in a feather; the lamina on a fern is divided into separate pinnae.
Plant species are hardy species that should be planted first to establish a good canopy cover that restricts weed growth and promotes natural regeneration. In natural ecosystems these are the first plants to arrive and grow on a site.
The female reproductive organ of a flower, consisting of an ovary, style, and stigma.
Flat on one side, convex on the other.
Infertile, acidic soil, strongly leached to form a whitish-grey subsoil underlain by a layer enriched in iron, aluminium and organic matter; usually under forest in a wet temperate climate.
A subcanopy size individual with a long thin trunk and foliage tuft of a potential canopy tree.
Compact masses of orchid pollen.
Increasing a population for a specific biological purpose, e.g., when a species is already present in an area but extra individuals are added to address a sex imbalance.
To reproduce a plant by sexual (i.e., from seed) or asexual (e.g., from cuttings) means.
A general term for lying flat along the ground. This includes procumbent (that is lying and flat along the ground but not rooting) and decumbent (with a prostrate or curved base and an erect or ascending tip).
The place of origin (of a plant that is in cultivation).
Toward the base or point of attachment (cf. distal).
Falsely terminal – as in a bud which appears to occupy a terminal position but does not.
Covering of soft, fine hairs.
Minutely clad in short, soft hairs.
The vascular tissue in land plants that is primarily responsible for the distribution of sugars and nutrients manufactured in a shoot.
Intermediate between palmate and palmatifid, i.e. the segments are not fully separated at the base; often more or less digitate.
Pinnately lobed, cleft more than halfway to the midrib. Not cleft all the way to the rachis.
1. The upper of the two bracts that enclose each floret in a grass spikelet. 2. A small bract at the base of a disc floret in some plants of the composite family. 3. Scales on various parts of ferns (referred to as paleate or paleaceous). From the Latin word for ‘chaff’.
Plural of palea, from the Latin word for ‘chaff’. 1. The upper of the two bracts that enclose each floret in a grass spikelet. 2. A small bract at the base of a disc floret in some plants of the composite family. 3. Scales on various parts of ferns (referred to as paleate or paleaceous).