Mecodium flexuosum (A. Cunn.) Copel.; Hymenophyllum australe var. flexuosum (A.Cunn.) C.Chr.
Vascular – Native
The National Vegetation Survey (NVS) Databank is a physical archive and electronic databank containing records of over 94,000 vegetation survey plots - including data from over 19,000 permanent plots. NVS maintains a standard set of species code abbreviations that correspond to standard scientific plant names from the Ngä Tipu o Aotearoa - New Zealand Plants database.
2n = 72
Current conservation status
The conservation status of all known New Zealand vascular plant taxa at the rank of species and below were reassessed in 2017 using the New Zealand Threat Classification System (NZTCS). This report includes a statistical summary and brief notes on changes since 2012 and replaces all previous NZTCS lists for vascular plants. Authors: By Peter J. de Lange, Jeremy R. Rolfe, John W. Barkla, Shannel P. Courtney, Paul D. Champion, Leon R. Perrie, Sarah M. Beadel, Kerry A. Ford, Ilse Breitwieser, Ines Schönberger, Rowan Hindmarsh-Walls, Peter B. Heenan and Kate Ladley.
2012 | Not Threatened
Previous conservation statuses
2009 | Not Threatened
2004 | Not Threatened
Endemic. New Zealand. North, South, Chatham Islands.
Locally common in coastal to montane closed forest (coastal to montane in the North and Chatham Islands, confined to the lowland in the South Island). Usually found on boulders or rocks along waterways and in deeply shaded, rubble slopes but also frequently epiphytic on the plank roots and buttresses of pukatea (Laurelia novae-zelandiae) and maire tawake (Syzygium maire) in riparian forest. In the northern part of its range it is occasionally found growing with Hymenophyllum australe
Terrestrial or low epiphytic fern forming diffuse patches. Rhizomes long-creeping, thin, brittle. Fronds often widely spaced along rhizomes or in widely spaced aggregations. Stipes 30-110 mm long, slender, glabrous; stipes and rachises with a prominent broad, wavy-undulose, crisped wing running almost to stipe base. Laminae ovate 3-4-pinnate, 60-300 × 30-140 mm, bright green to yellow-green, glabrous. Ultimate segments oblong, margins smooth. Sori terminating ultimate segments, not sunken in lamina, solitary or paired, with many on each primary pinna. Indusial flaps with smooth margins. Description adapted from Brownsey & Smith-Dodsworth (2000).
As both Hymenophyllum flexuosum and H. pluviatile grow together they are most likely to be confused. Hymenophyllum flexuosum differs from H. pluviatile by having lighter green, consistently crisped and crinkly fronds, with the stipe wing prominently crinkled. Hymenophyllum australe is only superficially similar, and its easily distinguished from H. flexuosum by its dark green-black strongly deltoid fronds, less distinctly crisped stipe wing and preference for rheophytic habitats.
Minute spores are wind dispersed (Thorsen et al., 2009).
Difficult - should not be removed from the wild
hymenophyllum: Membranous leaf, from the Greek humen and phullon
Where To Buy
Not commercially available
Fact Sheet Prepared for NZPCN by P.J. de Lange (18 April 2011). Description adapted from Brownsey & Smith-Dodsworth (2000).
References and further reading
Brownsey, P.J.; Smith-Dodsworth, J.C. 2000: New Zealand Ferns and Allied Plants. Auckland, David Bateman
Thorsen, M. J.; Dickinson, K. J. M.; Seddon, P. J. 2009. Seed dispersal systems in the New Zealand flora. Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics 11: 285-309
NZPCN Fact Sheet citation
Please cite as: de Lange, P.J. (Year at time of access): Hymenophyllum flexuosum Fact Sheet (content continuously updated). New Zealand Plant Conservation Network. https://www.nzpcn.org.nz/flora/species/hymenophyllum-flexuosum/ (Date website was queried)